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Data on research and development (R&D) in Singapore are collected through the National Survey of Research, Innovation and Enterprise (RIE), conducted annually by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR). The scope of the survey covers innovation and R&D activities in the public research institutes, private, institutes of higher learning and government sectors.

To facilitate international comparability, data from the survey are collected and presented based on guidelines provided in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD) “Frascati Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development" (Sixth Edition).

Patents

Data on patents resulting from R&D activities carried out in Singapore that are published in the National Survey of R&D are as reported by survey respondents. Only one patent is awarded to an invention, irrespective of the number of countries to which the patent is being applied or awarded.

Data

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Organisations Performing R&D by Sector

Title : Organisations Performing Research And Development By Sector, Annual

Number

Data Items

2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019

Total

755
872
948
878
844
922
932
1,134

Private

695
809
880
806
772
849
855
1,052

Institutes Of Higher Learning

13
14
12
13
14
14
15
15

Government

28
30
31
34
32
33
36
40

Public Research Institutes

19
19
25
25
26
26
26
27
SOURCE : AGENCY FOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH

Definitions

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Other References

Agency for Science, Technology and Research
Agency for Science, Technology and Research View
National Survey of Research, Innovation and Enterprise (RIE) View