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Merchandise Trade

Since April 1987, Singapore’s merchandise trade statistics are compiled by Enterprise Singapore from the following information submitted to Singapore Customs:

  1. Import and export permits submitted by traders or declaring agents;
  2. Data on postal packages furnished by Singapore Post Limited; and
  3. Statement on bunker fuel, aircraft fuel and stores supplied to non-Singapore-registered ships and aircraft furnished by shipping and aircraft agents.

Prior to April 1987, merchandise trade statistics were compiled by the Singapore Department of Statistics from the same sources.

The Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), Revision 4.1 is used for merchandise trade statistics from 1999, and SITC, Revision 3 for data prior to 1999.


Data

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Key Indicators
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Merchandise Trade
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m Aug-21 96,833.2 19.8 96,068.2 19.0
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m Aug-21 52,044.0 17.4 49,903.2 16.3

Domestic Exports

S$m Aug-21 23,123.5 15.3 23,286.1 19.4

Non-oil Domestic Exports

S$m Aug-21 15,769.9 2.7 16,624.4 12.7

Re-exports

S$m Aug-21 28,920.4 19.2 26,617.1 13.8
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m Aug-21 44,789.2 22.8 46,164.9 22.0
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m 2020 969,112.0 -5.2 1,022,226.5 -3.2
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m 2020 515,644.5 -3.2 532,514.1 -4.2

Domestic Exports

S$m 2020 234,449.4 -6.8 251,593.6 -10.5

Non-oil Domestic Exports

S$m 2020 172,424.1 4.3 165,376.9 -9.2

Re-exports

S$m 2020 281,195.2 0.1 280,920.5 2.3
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m 2020 453,467.4 -7.4 489,712.4 -2.1

Merchandise Trade by Commodity Section/Division

Title : Merchandise Trade By Commodity Section, (At Current Prices), Monthly

Thousand Dollars

Data Items

2021 Jan
2021 Feb
2021 Mar
2021 Apr
2021 May
2021 Jun
2021 Jul
2021 Aug

Total Merchandise Trade, (At Current Prices)

84,012,772
80,262,898
103,118,660
95,746,119
88,939,374
94,718,794
96,068,160
96,833,172

Oil

11,535,601
12,112,473
16,155,908
15,825,415
13,851,297
16,345,003
15,368,978
15,925,469

Petroleum

9,850,271
10,245,454
14,088,964
13,689,275
11,739,475
14,264,553
13,115,655
13,591,626

Oil Bunkers

1,685,329
1,867,020
2,066,944
2,136,140
2,111,822
2,080,450
2,253,322
2,333,843

Non-oil

72,477,172
68,150,424
86,962,752
79,920,704
75,088,077
78,373,792
80,699,182
80,907,703

Food & Live Animals

2,178,199
2,177,827
2,435,964
2,368,589
2,197,269
2,042,971
2,035,631
1,997,722

Beverages & Tobacco

853,757
616,159
840,268
788,317
770,188
847,480
784,001
883,924

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

498,724
584,616
768,034
724,372
652,674
692,288
675,796
654,587

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

305,423
188,037
260,508
293,946
174,639
345,781
128,512
301,029

Chemicals & Chemical Products

9,365,049
9,026,928
11,918,900
10,519,641
10,490,698
11,386,307
11,304,171
9,897,800

Manufactured Goods

3,119,063
3,379,866
4,139,971
4,102,428
3,625,662
4,429,572
4,167,156
4,184,924

Machinery & Transport Equipment

44,923,631
41,441,314
51,441,198
48,740,987
46,854,270
48,221,387
50,626,497
52,413,423

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

7,119,461
6,542,117
8,693,592
7,620,284
7,425,282
7,836,621
7,882,579
7,895,121

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

4,113,863
4,193,560
6,464,318
4,762,140
2,897,395
2,571,385
3,094,840
2,679,172

Total Merchandise Imports, (At Current Prices)

39,028,846
37,644,419
47,681,787
45,166,649
41,591,656
45,042,501
46,164,920
44,789,218

Oil

6,274,982
6,506,509
8,411,686
8,835,690
7,087,540
8,768,336
8,534,984
8,330,169

Petroleum

6,274,982
6,506,509
8,411,686
8,835,690
7,087,540
8,768,336
8,534,984
8,330,169

Non-oil

32,753,864
31,137,910
39,270,102
36,330,959
34,504,116
36,274,165
37,629,936
36,459,049

Food & Live Animals

1,015,037
856,744
1,065,360
994,535
981,836
1,041,891
1,091,423
1,049,618

Beverages & Tobacco

442,311
295,117
424,073
408,821
401,912
418,843
437,679
418,808

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

249,864
272,633
348,254
365,892
320,979
349,530
342,929
335,050

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

267,799
168,737
231,746
273,085
158,483
324,007
100,324
278,463

Chemicals & Chemical Products

3,185,544
3,229,353
4,042,050
3,648,131
3,650,759
4,442,455
4,041,725
3,557,301

Manufactured Goods

1,873,187
1,925,188
2,466,796
2,431,237
2,099,764
2,533,016
2,424,639
2,424,775

Machinery & Transport Equipment

20,962,577
19,314,347
23,506,864
22,437,122
21,553,786
22,346,674
23,754,490
23,657,655

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

3,238,073
3,099,404
3,871,691
3,547,309
3,489,876
3,548,009
3,697,891
3,532,070

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

1,519,472
1,976,388
3,313,266
2,224,828
1,846,719
1,269,740
1,738,835
1,205,309

Total Merchandise Exports, (At Current Prices)

44,983,927
42,618,479
55,436,873
50,579,470
47,347,718
49,676,294
49,903,240
52,043,953

Oil

5,260,619
5,605,964
7,744,222
6,989,725
6,763,757
7,576,667
6,833,994
7,595,300

Petroleum

3,575,290
3,738,945
5,677,278
4,853,585
4,651,935
5,496,217
4,580,672
5,261,457

Oil Bunkers

1,685,329
1,867,020
2,066,944
2,136,140
2,111,822
2,080,450
2,253,322
2,333,843

Non-oil

39,723,308
37,012,514
47,692,651
43,589,745
40,583,961
42,099,627
43,069,246
44,448,654

Food & Live Animals

1,163,163
1,321,083
1,370,604
1,374,054
1,215,433
1,001,080
944,208
948,105

Beverages & Tobacco

411,446
321,042
416,194
379,496
368,275
428,637
346,321
465,116

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

248,860
311,984
419,780
358,480
331,695
342,758
332,867
319,537

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

37,625
19,300
28,762
20,861
16,157
21,773
28,188
22,566

Chemicals & Chemical Products

6,179,505
5,797,575
7,876,849
6,871,510
6,839,938
6,943,852
7,262,446
6,340,498

Manufactured Goods

1,245,875
1,454,678
1,673,175
1,671,192
1,525,898
1,896,556
1,742,517
1,760,149

Machinery & Transport Equipment

23,961,054
22,126,967
27,934,334
26,303,865
25,300,484
25,874,713
26,872,007
28,755,769

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

3,881,388
3,442,713
4,821,900
4,072,975
3,935,405
4,288,612
4,184,688
4,363,051

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

2,594,392
2,217,172
3,151,052
2,537,312
1,050,676
1,301,645
1,356,005
1,473,863

Total Domestic Exports, (At Current Prices)

20,196,595
19,534,185
25,211,494
22,793,501
21,609,164
23,735,286
23,286,132
23,123,518

Oil

5,143,874
5,399,562
7,394,290
6,786,419
6,633,095
7,461,445
6,661,713
7,353,579

Petroleum

3,458,545
3,532,543
5,327,345
4,650,280
4,521,274
5,380,995
4,408,390
5,019,736

Oil Bunkers

1,685,329
1,867,020
2,066,944
2,136,140
2,111,822
2,080,450
2,253,322
2,333,843

Non-oil

15,052,721
14,134,622
17,817,205
16,007,082
14,976,068
16,273,841
16,624,420
15,769,939

Food & Live Animals

978,542
1,153,404
1,171,694
1,170,018
1,028,210
828,726
754,846
744,614

Beverages & Tobacco

25,695
21,671
27,722
22,721
28,415
22,214
27,597
24,941

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

156,220
218,594
300,052
224,993
221,050
240,295
227,563
214,207

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

12,785
6,520
11,111
13,700
8,570
11,389
12,156
11,849

Chemicals & Chemical Products

4,147,862
3,784,592
5,470,893
4,744,211
4,757,255
4,755,902
5,016,401
4,210,127

Manufactured Goods

436,636
495,342
566,191
563,100
499,030
536,153
528,812
616,266

Machinery & Transport Equipment

6,006,306
5,432,275
6,874,860
6,621,420
6,148,746
6,907,587
7,088,588
6,684,976

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

1,939,064
1,792,738
2,447,562
1,993,337
1,944,938
2,292,947
2,079,166
2,258,729

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

1,349,611
1,229,486
947,121
653,583
339,855
678,628
889,290
1,004,229

Total Re-exports, (At Current Prices)

24,787,332
23,084,294
30,225,379
27,785,969
25,738,554
25,941,008
26,617,108
28,920,436

Oil

116,745
206,402
349,933
203,305
130,661
115,222
172,281
241,721

Petroleum

116,745
206,402
349,933
203,305
130,661
115,222
172,281
241,721

Non-oil

24,670,587
22,877,892
29,875,446
27,582,663
25,607,893
25,825,786
26,444,826
28,678,715

Food & Live Animals

184,621
167,679
198,910
204,036
187,223
172,354
189,362
203,491

Beverages & Tobacco

385,751
299,371
388,472
356,775
339,861
406,423
318,724
440,175

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

92,640
93,390
119,727
133,487
110,645
102,463
105,303
105,330

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

24,840
12,780
17,651
7,161
7,587
10,384
16,032
10,717

Chemicals & Chemical Products

2,031,643
2,012,983
2,405,956
2,127,299
2,082,683
2,187,950
2,246,044
2,130,371

Manufactured Goods

809,239
959,336
1,106,984
1,108,092
1,026,868
1,360,403
1,213,704
1,143,883

Machinery & Transport Equipment

17,954,748
16,694,692
21,059,474
19,682,446
19,151,738
18,967,126
19,783,419
22,070,793

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

1,942,324
1,649,975
2,374,339
2,079,639
1,990,467
1,995,666
2,105,522
2,104,322

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

1,244,781
987,686
2,203,931
1,883,728
710,821
623,017
466,715
469,634
SOURCE : ENTERPRISE SINGAPORE

Trade in Services

Singapore’s trade in services statistics are compiled by the Singapore Department of Statistics using both survey and administrative data, with the International Trade in Services Survey (TIS Survey) being the main data source.

International trade in services statistics are compiled based on the principles and guidelines set out in the International Monetary Fund's Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, Sixth Edition (BPM6). These guidelines include the definition, valuation, classification and recording of trade in services between residents and non-residents.

Services transactions internationally are valued at market prices i.e. the value of transaction agreed upon between the supplier and the consumer at the time when the service is created, transformed, exchanged, transferred, or extinguished.

Data

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International Trade in Services

Title : Trade In Services By Services Category, Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Total Trade In Services

365,055
406,020.8
432,922.3
428,829.7
486,314.5
548,802.5
580,292.1
497,057

Exports Of Services

177,719.3
194,843.2
210,622.7
209,886.9
236,078.4
278,869.8
296,277.4
258,790.5

Manufacturing Services On Physical Inputs Owned By Others

283.2
424.4
346.5
284.8
243.2
375.7
257.9
228.9

Maintenance And Repair Services

10,767.2
9,853.1
9,315.2
8,537.7
8,216.1
10,051.2
10,243.1
7,427.3

Transport

57,830.9
63,918.8
64,097.1
57,068.8
66,582.9
82,591.7
85,215.4
73,294.9

Freight

45,929.4
50,917.2
50,798.1
43,503.4
51,168
65,671.9
68,244.2
64,326.9

Others

11,901.5
13,001.6
13,299
13,565.4
15,414.9
16,919.8
16,971.2
8,968

Travel

24,063.3
24,277.4
22,845.5
26,170.4
27,467.1
27,546.6
27,695.7
7,159.6

Insurance

3,634.5
4,241.5
5,312.7
6,076.7
6,730.6
9,031.7
8,921.5
9,194.4

Government Goods And Services

391.5
395.3
397
404.8
408.9
413.5
419.2
418.8

Construction

2,135.6
1,474.4
1,172.2
1,363.2
1,060.6
1,563.8
1,742.1
1,116.5

Financial

23,611.1
26,664.5
28,879.7
30,062.5
34,684.5
38,479.9
42,070.8
43,611.1

Telecommunications, Computer & Information

9,552.3
10,094.6
12,199
16,773
18,476.9
22,249.7
21,138.8
21,163.7

Charges For The Use Of Intellectual Property

4,272.5
4,953.5
11,894.1
9,711.8
10,772.2
11,528.4
11,582.7
11,424.5

Personal, Cultural And Recreational

636.5
801.4
852.8
752.4
674.3
994.6
1,351.5
1,316.7

Other Business Services

40,540.7
47,744.3
53,310.9
52,680.8
60,761.1
74,043
85,638.7
82,434.1

Accounting

400.3
332.2
307.3
321.5
305.2
331.9
416.7
412.1

Advertising And Market Research

4,770.1
7,954.3
10,231.9
10,820.7
17,956.6
23,992.3
30,433.7
33,016.1

Architectural

312.5
389.6
382
351.3
354.7
333.3
325.9
275.5

Business Management

20,139.2
21,122.2
23,455.8
23,650.2
24,262.9
27,204.1
27,963.7
24,416

Engineering And Technical

5,059.4
6,021
5,183.1
4,717.9
3,915
4,747.8
7,164.3
6,765.1

Legal

643.4
676.8
766.8
870.8
975.1
990
1,005.2
946.9

Research And Development

1,148.6
914.6
1,054.5
944.4
1,080.3
1,033.8
981.5
965.7

Operating Leasing

3,738.2
4,902.5
5,883.3
5,402.8
4,786
5,400.2
5,942.8
4,798.8

Trade-related

3,928.1
4,899.9
5,469.1
4,855.5
6,291.6
9,084.2
10,211
9,783.6

Others

400.9
531.2
577.1
745.7
833.7
925.4
1,193.9
1,054.3

Imports Of Services

187,335.7
211,177.6
222,299.6
218,942.8
250,236.1
269,932.7
284,014.7
238,266.5

Manufacturing Services On Physical Inputs Owned By Others

6,500.5
7,846.8
8,341.2
7,689.7
8,127.8
7,321.1
7,189.5
6,755.2

Maintenance And Repair Services

845.2
880.7
929.3
924.1
821.7
1,118.1
1,159
962.5

Transport

49,280.7
57,822.3
65,611.6
59,884
70,314.3
84,180.3
88,135.5
72,588.8

Freight

29,938.6
36,584.5
43,581.5
37,807.2
47,356.6
55,818.1
58,567.1
52,482.6

Others

19,342.1
21,237.8
22,030.1
22,076.8
22,957.7
28,362.2
29,568.4
20,106.2

Travel

30,540.3
32,368.7
32,524.9
33,108.7
34,521.1
35,763.2
37,274.2
9,420.4

Insurance

4,257.3
3,609.4
4,376.7
6,032.5
5,548.7
6,652.5
7,552.5
7,336

Government Goods And Services

287
295.1
274.7
310.3
293.4
311.5
315.6
288.1

Construction

679.8
497.6
466.9
514.1
519.9
742.4
643.3
409.9

Financial

4,647.2
5,502
6,194
6,363.4
7,691
8,852.2
9,833
11,199.9

Telecommunications, Computer & Information

11,792.6
20,311.2
14,932.2
17,648.6
20,806.6
19,843.1
22,807.9
24,065

Charges For The Use Of Intellectual Property

28,769.9
26,452.9
26,672
21,638.8
21,701
22,984.6
23,481.3
23,245.9

Personal, Cultural And Recreational

584.1
625.3
685.2
542.3
582.9
654.9
716.3
691.2

Other Business Services

49,151.1
54,965.6
61,290.9
64,286.3
79,307.7
81,508.8
84,906.6
81,303.6

Accounting

260.1
290.8
331
392
404.8
527
616.1
569.1

Advertising And Market Research

3,101.4
3,418.6
3,808.8
4,258.7
7,983
10,159.8
13,608
14,121.8

Architectural

78.8
56.9
46.9
72
55.5
65.1
51.8
48.2

Business Management

15,750.8
17,318.3
18,749.9
21,742.8
23,628.7
26,205.5
29,408.8
27,965.9

Engineering And Technical

2,755.6
3,336.6
3,286.9
3,323.5
3,186.4
3,252.3
4,189.5
4,048.4

Legal

262.6
298.7
315.4
336.8
348
393.9
434.8
417.4

Research And Development

11,677.6
10,651.6
17,126.5
14,544.7
22,357
18,821.8
17,456.1
16,295.8

Operating Leasing

4,437.6
7,581.7
5,177.4
5,074.7
5,601.6
5,896.1
5,680.5
4,596.8

Trade-related

10,573.2
11,747.5
12,097
14,146
15,371.5
15,855.7
13,117.6
12,939

Others

253.4
264.9
351.1
395.1
371.2
331.6
343.4
301.2
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Visualising Data

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Definitions

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Other References

Singapore Department of Statistics
Singapore's International Trade in Services View
Enterprise Singapore
Singapore’s External Trade View
Singapore Customs
Singapore Trade Classification, Customs & Excise Duties View
Ministry of Trade and Industry
Economic Survey of Singapore View