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Merchandise Trade

Since April 1987, Singapore’s merchandise trade statistics are compiled by Enterprise Singapore from the following information submitted to Singapore Customs:

  1. Import and export permits submitted by traders or declaring agents;
  2. Data on postal packages furnished by Singapore Post Limited; and
  3. Statement on bunker fuel, aircraft fuel and stores supplied to non-Singapore-registered ships and aircraft furnished by shipping and aircraft agents.

Prior to April 1987, merchandise trade statistics were compiled by the Singapore Department of Statistics from the same sources.

The Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), Revision 4.1 is used for merchandise trade statistics from 1999, and SITC, Revision 3 for data prior to 1999.


Data

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Key Indicators
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Merchandise Trade
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m Aug-22 121,932.7 26.0 125,248.1 30.5
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m Aug-22 63,407.4 21.8 64,185.6 28.8

Domestic Exports

S$m Aug-22 30,222.7 30.7 30,911.0 32.8

Non-oil Domestic Exports

S$m Aug-22 17,564.4 11.4 17,789.8 7.0

Re-exports

S$m Aug-22 33,184.6 14.7 33,274.6 25.3
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m Aug-22 58,525.3 30.9 61,062.5 32.4
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m 2021 1,159,963.0 19.7 969,112.0 -5.2
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m 2021 614,081.1 19.1 515,644.5 -3.2

Domestic Exports

S$m 2021 278,975.4 19.0 234,449.4 -6.8

Non-oil Domestic Exports

S$m 2021 193,352.5 12.1 172,424.1 4.3

Re-exports

S$m 2021 335,105.7 19.2 281,195.2 0.1
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m 2021 545,881.9 20.4 453,467.4 -7.4

Merchandise Trade by Commodity Section/Division

Title : Merchandise Trade By Commodity Section, (At Current Prices), Monthly

Thousand Dollars

Data Items

2022 Jan
2022 Feb
2022 Mar
2022 Apr
2022 May
2022 Jun
2022 Jul
2022 Aug

Total Merchandise Trade, (At Current Prices)

116,428,760
121,932,657
96,971,314
104,873,633
125,248,088
123,856,071
121,212,614
117,454,761

Oil

24,688,930
26,147,397
18,208,185
16,559,712
27,729,064
26,733,617
24,261,440
26,630,949

Petroleum

21,152,704
21,725,001
15,424,525
13,975,433
24,001,869
22,696,475
21,635,342
23,096,663

Oil Bunkers

3,536,226
4,422,397
2,783,659
2,584,278
3,727,195
4,037,142
2,626,098
3,534,285

Non-Oil

91,739,830
95,785,260
78,763,130
88,313,921
97,519,024
97,122,454
96,951,174
90,823,812

Food & Live Animals

2,685,631
2,533,067
2,222,207
2,394,557
2,321,482
2,588,317
2,662,631
1,996,021

Beverages & Tobacco

787,584
892,050
528,103
710,572
819,002
845,907
703,897
700,010

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

1,011,591
644,763
601,075
684,197
681,323
812,861
817,623
717,536

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

482,865
286,688
346,793
454,318
211,457
401,755
342,477
384,532

Chemicals & Chemical Products

11,449,260
11,918,383
10,563,797
10,894,541
11,824,877
11,934,050
12,780,936
13,210,565

Manufactured Goods

4,909,190
4,686,197
3,679,855
4,513,835
5,543,666
4,900,157
4,701,187
4,381,650

Machinery & Transport Equipment

57,747,382
60,981,208
50,290,703
55,698,361
60,518,356
61,686,926
60,376,096
55,502,502

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

9,191,303
9,166,998
7,798,197
8,406,112
8,933,769
9,635,411
9,724,368
8,764,821

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

3,475,025
4,675,906
2,732,400
4,557,429
6,665,093
4,317,070
4,841,959
5,166,175

Total Merchandise Imports, (At Current Prices)

56,132,291
58,525,274
44,959,471
50,027,928
61,062,525
59,679,758
58,079,983
57,607,584

Oil

12,997,812
13,294,901
8,973,562
9,375,318
14,211,733
14,071,339
13,593,527
14,082,301

Petroleum

12,997,812
13,294,901
8,973,562
9,375,318
14,211,733
14,071,339
13,593,527
14,082,301

Non-Oil

43,134,480
45,230,373
35,985,909
40,652,610
46,850,793
45,608,419
44,486,456
43,525,283

Food & Live Animals

1,211,079
1,274,946
903,199
1,120,270
1,177,534
1,180,165
1,132,725
1,146,221

Beverages & Tobacco

437,800
536,130
279,512
352,668
445,537
451,732
338,887
357,662

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

588,901
294,281
248,103
324,301
321,978
362,877
352,717
332,879

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

439,648
257,781
325,816
425,724
177,807
367,959
299,218
360,595

Chemicals & Chemical Products

4,332,448
4,601,524
3,786,123
4,023,041
4,518,305
4,598,152
4,433,695
5,973,419

Manufactured Goods

2,978,845
2,794,738
2,002,199
2,539,134
3,023,858
3,021,110
2,682,601
2,419,216

Machinery & Transport Equipment

26,713,922
28,672,598
23,046,789
25,725,013
29,398,520
28,847,315
28,002,167
26,326,932

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

4,444,797
4,424,782
3,774,853
4,059,247
4,448,032
4,624,830
4,626,937
4,189,543

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

1,987,040
2,373,594
1,619,313
2,083,212
3,339,222
2,154,280
2,617,509
2,418,815

Total Merchandise Exports, (At Current Prices)

60,296,468
63,407,383
52,011,843
54,845,705
64,185,563
64,176,313
63,132,631
59,847,176

Oil

11,691,118
12,852,497
9,234,622
7,184,394
13,517,331
12,662,279
10,667,914
12,548,647

Petroleum

8,154,892
8,430,100
6,450,963
4,600,116
9,790,137
8,625,137
8,041,815
9,014,362

Oil Bunkers

3,536,226
4,422,397
2,783,659
2,584,278
3,727,195
4,037,142
2,626,098
3,534,285

Non-Oil

48,605,350
50,554,887
42,777,221
47,661,311
50,668,232
51,514,034
52,464,717
47,298,529

Food & Live Animals

1,474,552
1,258,121
1,319,008
1,274,287
1,143,948
1,408,152
1,529,907
849,800

Beverages & Tobacco

349,785
355,921
248,591
357,904
373,465
394,174
365,010
342,347

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

422,690
350,482
352,972
359,896
359,345
449,984
464,907
384,657

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

43,217
28,907
20,976
28,594
33,650
33,796
43,259
23,936

Chemicals & Chemical Products

7,116,812
7,316,859
6,777,674
6,871,500
7,306,571
7,335,898
8,347,240
7,237,146

Manufactured Goods

1,930,345
1,891,459
1,677,656
1,974,701
2,519,808
1,879,047
2,018,586
1,962,434

Machinery & Transport Equipment

31,033,460
32,308,610
27,243,914
29,973,348
31,119,837
32,839,611
32,373,929
29,175,571

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

4,746,506
4,742,216
4,023,343
4,346,865
4,485,737
5,010,582
5,097,430
4,575,278

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

1,487,984
2,302,312
1,113,087
2,474,217
3,325,871
2,162,790
2,224,450
2,747,360

Total Domestic Exports, (At Current Prices)

28,409,380
30,222,746
24,202,253
24,736,841
30,910,976
30,070,930
29,495,603
29,141,956

Oil

11,379,322
12,658,366
8,759,448
7,040,498
13,121,136
12,408,447
10,304,626
12,375,153

Petroleum

7,843,095
8,235,969
5,975,789
4,456,219
9,393,941
8,371,305
7,678,527
8,840,867

Oil Bunkers

3,536,226
4,422,397
2,783,659
2,584,278
3,727,195
4,037,142
2,626,098
3,534,285

Non-Oil

17,030,058
17,564,380
15,442,805
17,696,343
17,789,840
17,662,483
19,190,978
16,766,803

Food & Live Animals

1,244,542
1,028,517
1,107,261
1,071,180
919,816
1,180,919
1,302,660
661,221

Beverages & Tobacco

27,326
34,136
27,922
34,162
30,163
35,389
37,400
30,639

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

292,178
231,944
246,258
252,268
243,593
333,781
318,436
253,180

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

12,110
11,723
9,576
11,458
11,667
15,242
10,915
14,823

Chemicals & Chemical Products

4,772,498
4,835,823
4,464,945
4,581,381
5,191,043
5,025,839
5,711,513
4,908,559

Manufactured Goods

547,139
532,688
443,836
519,785
525,032
598,949
573,030
526,246

Machinery & Transport Equipment

7,272,529
7,629,654
6,800,590
7,834,097
7,698,996
7,100,676
7,051,613
6,841,649

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

2,275,959
2,299,586
1,950,616
2,027,870
2,166,303
2,620,883
2,472,649
2,208,091

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

585,777
960,311
391,801
1,364,140
1,003,227
750,804
1,712,761
1,322,395

Total Re-Exports, (At Current Prices)

31,887,088
33,184,637
27,809,591
30,108,865
33,274,586
34,105,383
33,637,028
30,705,220

Oil

311,796
194,131
475,174
143,896
396,195
253,832
363,288
173,495

Petroleum

311,796
194,131
475,174
143,896
396,195
253,832
363,288
173,495

Non-Oil

31,575,292
32,990,507
27,334,417
29,964,969
32,878,391
33,851,551
33,273,740
30,531,726

Food & Live Animals

230,010
229,604
211,747
203,106
224,131
227,233
227,247
188,578

Beverages & Tobacco

322,458
321,785
220,669
323,741
343,302
358,785
327,610
311,709

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

130,512
118,539
106,715
107,628
115,753
116,203
146,470
131,477

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

31,106
17,184
11,400
17,136
21,983
18,554
32,344
9,113

Chemicals & Chemical Products

2,344,314
2,481,036
2,312,729
2,290,120
2,115,529
2,310,059
2,635,727
2,328,587

Manufactured Goods

1,383,206
1,358,771
1,233,820
1,454,916
1,994,776
1,280,097
1,445,556
1,436,188

Machinery & Transport Equipment

23,760,931
24,678,956
20,443,323
22,139,250
23,420,841
25,738,936
25,322,316
22,333,922

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

2,470,547
2,442,630
2,072,727
2,318,994
2,319,434
2,389,698
2,624,781
2,367,187

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

902,207
1,342,001
721,286
1,110,077
2,322,643
1,411,986
511,689
1,424,965
SOURCE : ENTERPRISE SINGAPORE

Trade in Services

Singapore’s trade in services statistics are compiled by the Singapore Department of Statistics using both survey and administrative data, with the International Trade in Services Survey (TIS Survey) being the main data source.

International trade in services statistics are compiled based on the principles and guidelines set out in the International Monetary Fund's Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, Sixth Edition (BPM6). These guidelines include the definition, valuation, classification and recording of trade in services between residents and non-residents.

Services transactions internationally are valued at market prices i.e. the value of transaction agreed upon between the supplier and the consumer at the time when the service is created, transformed, exchanged, transferred, or extinguished.

Data

Please click on the topic to view the available data tables.

International Trade in Services

Title : Trade In Services By Services Category, Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Total Trade In Services

406,020.8
432,922.3
429,042.2
486,604.1
547,134.5
574,645.3
570,539.4
609,196.3

Exports Of Services

194,843.2
210,622.7
210,123.3
236,121.3
276,720.7
293,990.5
289,303.2
308,820.6

Manufacturing Services On Physical Inputs Owned By Others

424.4
346.5
284.8
243.2
362.6
253.8
365.5
520.8

Maintenance And Repair Services

9,853.1
9,315.2
8,537.7
8,216.3
10,089.8
10,549.8
9,260.3
10,166.3

Transport

63,918.8
64,097.1
57,365.8
67,142
83,256.1
86,209.2
87,034.1
91,527.5

Freight

50,917.2
50,798.1
44,010.3
51,903.8
66,458.5
69,281.7
75,007.8
81,249.5

Others

13,001.6
13,299
13,355.5
15,238.2
16,797.6
16,927.5
12,026.3
10,278

Travel

24,277.4
22,845.5
26,220.3
27,511
27,545.7
27,710.5
7,141.3
5,116

Insurance

4,241.5
5,312.7
6,076.9
6,711.6
9,483.3
8,938.8
8,259.5
7,925.6

Government Goods And Services

395.3
397
404.8
408.9
413.5
419.2
412
421.7

Construction

1,474.4
1,172.2
1,363.2
1,011.5
1,603
1,699.6
1,214.8
1,458.9

Financial

26,664.5
28,879.7
30,260.1
34,948.7
38,797.6
41,807.9
47,368.1
49,982.2

Telecommunications, Computer & Information

10,094.6
12,199
16,773
17,801.4
19,881.4
18,352.9
24,116.8
25,034.2

Charges For The Use Of Intellectual Property

4,953.5
11,894.1
9,734.2
11,057
11,843.4
11,804.3
11,966.8
15,648.9

Personal, Cultural And Recreational

801.4
852.8
752.4
674.3
994.6
1,263.9
1,207.5
1,183.9

Other Business Services

47,744.3
53,310.9
52,350.1
60,395.4
72,449.7
84,980.6
90,956.5
99,834.6

Accounting

332.2
307.3
321.5
305.2
331.9
374.7
507.1
535.9

Advertising And Market Research

7,954.3
10,231.9
10,820.7
17,956.6
24,265.8
30,706.5
36,808.8
42,830

Architectural

389.6
382
351.3
354.7
333.3
324.9
277.7
273.6

Business Management

21,122.2
23,455.8
23,611.1
24,192.4
26,876.6
28,556.5
29,405.7
30,489.3

Engineering And Technical

6,021
5,183.1
4,717.9
3,915.2
4,716.3
7,266
7,626.8
8,619.9

Legal

676.8
766.8
870.8
975.1
990
1,037.9
1,140.2
1,245.7

Research And Development

914.6
1,054.5
944.4
1,080.3
1,033.8
964.3
1,146.4
1,294.9

Operating Leasing

4,902.5
5,883.3
5,116.8
4,204.5
4,779.6
4,900.8
4,919.7
5,149.2

Trade-Related

4,899.9
5,469.1
4,849.9
6,577.7
8,197
9,680.9
8,058.7
8,278.6

Others

531.2
577.1
745.7
833.7
925.4
1,168.1
1,065.4
1,117.5

Imports Of Services

211,177.6
222,299.6
218,918.9
250,482.8
270,413.8
280,654.8
281,236.2
300,375.7

Manufacturing Services On Physical Inputs Owned By Others

7,846.8
8,341.2
7,689.7
8,194.9
7,576.9
7,928.3
9,284.2
11,402.6

Maintenance And Repair Services

880.7
929.3
924.1
821.7
991.5
1,177.4
978.5
950.8

Transport

57,822.3
65,611.6
60,109
70,375.8
84,887
87,181.2
90,928.2
99,247.6

Freight

36,584.5
43,581.5
38,105.3
47,484.6
56,382.5
58,740.4
65,489.2
74,873.4

Others

21,237.8
22,030.1
22,003.7
22,891.2
28,504.5
28,440.8
25,439
24,374.2

Travel

32,368.7
32,524.9
33,115.6
34,548.6
35,795.9
37,269.7
10,004.2
5,409.6

Insurance

3,609.4
4,376.7
6,032.2
5,548.8
6,641.1
7,458.2
8,456.8
8,241

Government Goods And Services

295.1
274.7
310.3
293.4
311.1
315.6
288.9
300.1

Construction

497.6
466.9
514.1
514.3
736.8
640.3
678.5
848.6

Financial

5,502
6,194
6,363.3
7,690.9
8,853.6
9,810.4
13,572.1
14,099.4

Telecommunications, Computer & Information

20,311.2
14,932.2
17,648.3
20,807.7
19,812
22,931.6
31,965
35,644.9

Charges For The Use Of Intellectual Property

26,452.9
26,672
21,644.4
21,833.6
23,266.5
20,913.2
21,172.7
23,931.1

Personal, Cultural And Recreational

625.3
685.2
542.3
583.1
655.3
696.6
977
1,070.7

Other Business Services

54,965.6
61,290.9
64,025.6
79,270
80,886.1
84,332.3
92,930.1
99,229.3

Accounting

290.8
331
392
404.7
467.1
528.2
636.5
671.3

Advertising And Market Research

3,418.6
3,808.8
4,258.7
7,983
10,154.8
13,783.4
15,139.9
15,793.9

Architectural

56.9
46.9
72
55.5
65.1
50.3
47
47.5

Business Management

17,318.3
18,749.9
21,716.9
23,610.7
25,906.6
28,792.2
29,473.2
31,095.9

Engineering And Technical

3,336.6
3,286.9
3,323.7
3,186.5
3,315.5
4,388.1
5,043.5
5,228.8

Legal

298.7
315.4
336.7
347.9
393.8
424.7
610.7
646.6

Research And Development

10,651.6
17,126.5
14,544.7
22,373.3
18,968.7
18,018.1
21,432.1
24,365.7

Operating Leasing

7,581.7
5,177.4
4,843.3
5,542.2
5,385.5
4,709.1
4,453.3
4,605.9

Trade-Related

11,747.5
12,097
14,142.4
15,394.6
15,897.3
13,315
15,682.9
16,349.7

Others

264.9
351.1
395.2
371.6
331.7
323.2
411
424
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Visualising Data

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Singapore's Trade In Services Dashboard

Definitions

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Other References

Enterprise Singapore
Singapore’s External Trade View
Singapore Customs
Singapore Trade Classification, Customs & Excise Duties View
Ministry of Trade and Industry
Economic Survey of Singapore View