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Merchandise Trade

Since April 1987, Singapore’s merchandise trade statistics are compiled by Enterprise Singapore from the following information submitted to Singapore Customs:

  1. Import and export permits submitted by traders or declaring agents;
  2. Data on postal packages furnished by Singapore Post Limited; and
  3. Statement on bunker fuel, aircraft fuel and stores supplied to non-Singapore-registered ships and aircraft furnished by shipping and aircraft agents.

Prior to April 1987, merchandise trade statistics were compiled by the Singapore Department of Statistics from the same sources.

The Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), Revision 4.1 is used for merchandise trade statistics from 1999, and SITC, Revision 3 for data prior to 1999.


Data

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Key Indicators
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Merchandise Trade
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m Dec-21 113,563.2 31.4 107,395.0 31.3
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m Dec-21 59,213.8 28.0 56,720.1 31.0

Domestic Exports

S$m Dec-21 26,075.1 29.5 26,480.9 47.0

Non-oil Domestic Exports

S$m Dec-21 17,857.1 18.4 16,808.8 24.2

Re-exports

S$m Dec-21 33,138.7 26.9 30,239.2 19.6
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m Dec-21 54,349.4 35.4 50,674.9 31.7
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m 2021 1,159,963.0 19.7 969,112.0 -5.2
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m 2021 614,081.1 19.1 515,644.5 -3.2

Domestic Exports

S$m 2021 278,975.4 19.0 234,449.4 -6.8

Non-oil Domestic Exports

S$m 2021 193,352.5 12.1 172,424.1 4.3

Re-exports

S$m 2021 335,105.7 19.2 281,195.2 0.1
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m 2021 545,881.9 20.4 453,467.4 -7.4

Merchandise Trade by Commodity Section/Division

Title : Merchandise Trade By Commodity Section, (At Current Prices), Monthly

Thousand Dollars

Data Items

2021 May
2021 Jun
2021 Jul
2021 Aug
2021 Sep
2021 Oct
2021 Nov
2021 Dec

Total Merchandise Trade, (At Current Prices)

96,753,013
113,563,151
95,941,798
94,658,839
88,914,922
107,395,039
101,584,555
98,014,412

Oil

15,924,681
18,812,565
15,372,330
16,347,756
13,858,660
20,775,061
17,170,762
15,532,089

Petroleum

13,590,838
16,112,181
13,116,833
14,264,553
11,739,475
18,004,586
14,866,171
13,311,452

Oil Bunkers

2,333,843
2,700,384
2,255,497
2,083,203
2,119,185
2,770,475
2,304,591
2,220,637

Non-Oil

80,828,332
94,750,586
80,569,468
78,311,084
75,056,262
86,619,977
84,413,793
82,482,323

Food & Live Animals

1,997,665
2,505,189
2,035,631
2,042,971
2,197,167
2,416,719
2,054,495
2,164,883

Beverages & Tobacco

883,888
1,037,012
784,001
847,474
770,188
855,954
852,944
914,651

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

654,291
712,061
675,796
692,288
652,674
660,378
644,885
635,441

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

301,029
320,318
128,512
345,781
174,639
399,175
329,959
265,534

Chemicals & Chemical Products

9,895,579
11,165,174
11,304,163
11,386,017
10,490,731
11,071,173
10,676,005
10,261,017

Manufactured Goods

4,183,845
4,557,853
4,167,094
4,429,580
3,625,331
4,210,244
4,209,125
4,164,730

Machinery & Transport Equipment

52,336,919
59,697,703
50,496,839
48,159,178
46,822,693
54,791,652
52,934,095
51,732,494

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

7,897,531
9,733,769
7,882,610
7,836,404
7,425,283
8,853,427
8,371,947
8,476,662

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

2,677,586
5,021,505
3,094,824
2,571,391
2,897,556
3,361,258
4,340,338
3,866,911

Total Merchandise Imports, (At Current Prices)

44,714,491
54,349,357
46,107,788
45,039,845
41,559,697
50,674,908
47,945,213
45,980,374

Oil

8,330,169
9,942,139
8,536,062
8,768,336
7,087,540
11,054,097
9,218,694
8,253,492

Petroleum

8,330,169
9,942,139
8,536,062
8,768,336
7,087,540
11,054,097
9,218,694
8,253,492

Non-Oil

36,384,321
44,407,217
37,571,726
36,271,509
34,472,157
39,620,812
38,726,519
37,726,882

Food & Live Animals

1,049,562
1,297,231
1,091,423
1,041,891
981,836
1,101,702
1,046,260
1,060,142

Beverages & Tobacco

418,772
482,450
437,679
418,837
401,912
414,394
435,525
491,947

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

334,901
323,646
342,929
349,530
320,979
281,336
305,231
294,819

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

278,463
290,018
100,324
324,007
158,483
365,635
302,610
238,712

Chemicals & Chemical Products

3,556,869
4,158,214
4,041,717
4,442,165
3,650,759
3,877,974
3,747,540
3,844,725

Manufactured Goods

2,423,707
2,583,856
2,424,459
2,533,016
2,099,426
2,437,288
2,251,977
2,227,252

Machinery & Transport Equipment

23,586,307
28,438,509
23,696,478
22,344,355
21,522,264
25,201,927
24,502,272
24,165,389

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

3,531,966
4,370,744
3,697,890
3,547,962
3,489,880
4,183,113
3,942,497
4,122,358

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

1,203,775
2,462,550
1,738,826
1,269,746
1,846,616
1,757,443
2,192,607
1,281,538

Total Merchandise Exports, (At Current Prices)

52,038,522
59,213,794
49,834,010
49,618,994
47,355,225
56,720,130
53,639,342
52,034,038

Oil

7,594,511
8,870,426
6,836,268
7,579,420
6,771,120
9,720,965
7,952,068
7,278,597

Petroleum

5,260,669
6,170,042
4,580,771
5,496,217
4,651,935
6,950,489
5,647,477
5,057,959

Oil Bunkers

2,333,843
2,700,384
2,255,497
2,083,203
2,119,185
2,770,475
2,304,591
2,220,637

Non-Oil

44,444,011
50,343,368
42,997,742
42,039,575
40,584,105
46,999,166
45,687,274
44,755,441

Food & Live Animals

948,103
1,207,958
944,208
1,001,080
1,215,330
1,315,017
1,008,235
1,104,741

Beverages & Tobacco

465,116
554,563
346,321
428,637
368,275
441,559
417,419
422,703

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

319,389
388,415
332,867
342,758
331,695
379,042
339,655
340,622

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

22,566
30,300
28,188
21,773
16,157
33,539
27,349
26,822

Chemicals & Chemical Products

6,338,710
7,006,961
7,262,445
6,943,852
6,839,972
7,193,199
6,928,465
6,416,292

Manufactured Goods

1,760,138
1,973,997
1,742,635
1,896,563
1,525,905
1,772,956
1,957,147
1,937,478

Machinery & Transport Equipment

28,750,612
31,259,194
26,800,361
25,814,824
25,300,428
29,589,725
28,431,823
27,567,105

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

4,365,566
5,363,024
4,184,720
4,288,442
3,935,403
4,670,314
4,429,450
4,354,304

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

1,473,811
2,558,956
1,355,998
1,301,645
1,050,940
1,603,815
2,147,731
2,585,373

Total Domestic Exports, (At Current Prices)

23,119,282
26,075,059
23,284,627
23,737,832
21,616,301
26,480,888
23,992,950
22,928,584

Oil

7,352,768
8,217,925
6,663,974
7,464,198
6,640,459
9,672,068
7,680,779
7,179,361

Petroleum

5,018,925
5,517,542
4,408,477
5,380,995
4,521,274
6,901,593
5,376,188
4,958,724

Oil Bunkers

2,333,843
2,700,384
2,255,497
2,083,203
2,119,185
2,770,475
2,304,591
2,220,637

Non-Oil

15,766,515
17,857,134
16,620,653
16,273,634
14,975,842
16,808,819
16,312,171
15,749,223

Food & Live Animals

744,611
983,424
754,846
828,726
1,028,189
1,116,966
808,619
891,908

Beverages & Tobacco

24,941
38,109
27,597
22,214
28,415
34,150
23,416
19,918

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

214,211
273,162
227,563
240,295
221,050
252,897
237,074
230,952

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

11,849
12,848
12,156
11,389
8,570
13,039
13,070
12,538

Chemicals & Chemical Products

4,208,183
4,604,863
5,016,401
4,755,902
4,757,202
4,811,685
4,680,673
4,188,618

Manufactured Goods

616,252
719,468
528,812
536,153
499,036
511,860
506,045
507,724

Machinery & Transport Equipment

6,680,867
7,071,170
7,084,820
6,907,258
6,148,632
6,878,439
6,835,144
6,515,167

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

2,261,371
2,760,236
2,079,166
2,293,069
1,944,895
2,273,693
2,106,440
2,227,593

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

1,004,229
1,393,854
889,292
678,628
339,855
916,091
1,101,690
1,154,806

Total Re-Exports, (At Current Prices)

28,919,240
33,138,735
26,549,383
25,881,162
25,738,924
30,239,242
29,646,392
29,105,454

Oil

241,744
652,500
172,294
115,222
130,661
48,896
271,289
99,236

Petroleum

241,744
652,500
172,294
115,222
130,661
48,896
271,289
99,236

Non-Oil

28,677,496
32,486,234
26,377,089
25,765,941
25,608,262
30,190,346
29,375,103
29,006,219

Food & Live Animals

203,491
224,534
189,362
172,354
187,142
198,051
199,616
212,834

Beverages & Tobacco

440,175
516,453
318,724
406,423
339,861
407,410
394,002
402,785

Crude Materials (Excl Fuels)

105,178
115,254
105,303
102,463
110,645
126,145
102,581
109,670

Animal & Vegetable Oils Fats & Waxes

10,717
17,452
16,032
10,384
7,587
20,501
14,279
14,284

Chemicals & Chemical Products

2,130,527
2,402,098
2,246,044
2,187,950
2,082,770
2,381,514
2,247,791
2,227,674

Manufactured Goods

1,143,886
1,254,529
1,213,823
1,360,410
1,026,869
1,261,096
1,451,102
1,429,755

Machinery & Transport Equipment

22,069,745
24,188,024
19,715,541
18,907,565
19,151,797
22,711,286
21,596,680
21,051,939

Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles

2,104,195
2,602,789
2,105,554
1,995,373
1,990,507
2,396,620
2,323,011
2,126,711

Miscellaneous (Excluding Oil Bunkers)

469,582
1,165,102
466,706
623,017
711,085
687,723
1,046,041
1,430,567
SOURCE : ENTERPRISE SINGAPORE

Trade in Services

Singapore’s trade in services statistics are compiled by the Singapore Department of Statistics using both survey and administrative data, with the International Trade in Services Survey (TIS Survey) being the main data source.

International trade in services statistics are compiled based on the principles and guidelines set out in the International Monetary Fund's Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, Sixth Edition (BPM6). These guidelines include the definition, valuation, classification and recording of trade in services between residents and non-residents.

Services transactions internationally are valued at market prices i.e. the value of transaction agreed upon between the supplier and the consumer at the time when the service is created, transformed, exchanged, transferred, or extinguished.

Data

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International Trade in Services

Title : Trade In Services By Services Category, Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Total Trade In Services

365,055
406,020.8
432,922.3
428,829.7
486,314.5
548,802.5
580,292.1
497,057

Exports Of Services

177,719.3
194,843.2
210,622.7
209,886.9
236,078.4
278,869.8
296,277.4
258,790.5

Manufacturing Services On Physical Inputs Owned By Others

283.2
424.4
346.5
284.8
243.2
375.7
257.9
228.9

Maintenance And Repair Services

10,767.2
9,853.1
9,315.2
8,537.7
8,216.1
10,051.2
10,243.1
7,427.3

Transport

57,830.9
63,918.8
64,097.1
57,068.8
66,582.9
82,591.7
85,215.4
73,294.9

Freight

45,929.4
50,917.2
50,798.1
43,503.4
51,168
65,671.9
68,244.2
64,326.9

Others

11,901.5
13,001.6
13,299
13,565.4
15,414.9
16,919.8
16,971.2
8,968

Travel

24,063.3
24,277.4
22,845.5
26,170.4
27,467.1
27,546.6
27,695.7
7,159.6

Insurance

3,634.5
4,241.5
5,312.7
6,076.7
6,730.6
9,031.7
8,921.5
9,194.4

Government Goods And Services

391.5
395.3
397
404.8
408.9
413.5
419.2
418.8

Construction

2,135.6
1,474.4
1,172.2
1,363.2
1,060.6
1,563.8
1,742.1
1,116.5

Financial

23,611.1
26,664.5
28,879.7
30,062.5
34,684.5
38,479.9
42,070.8
43,611.1

Telecommunications, Computer & Information

9,552.3
10,094.6
12,199
16,773
18,476.9
22,249.7
21,138.8
21,163.7

Charges For The Use Of Intellectual Property

4,272.5
4,953.5
11,894.1
9,711.8
10,772.2
11,528.4
11,582.7
11,424.5

Personal, Cultural And Recreational

636.5
801.4
852.8
752.4
674.3
994.6
1,351.5
1,316.7

Other Business Services

40,540.7
47,744.3
53,310.9
52,680.8
60,761.1
74,043
85,638.7
82,434.1

Accounting

400.3
332.2
307.3
321.5
305.2
331.9
416.7
412.1

Advertising And Market Research

4,770.1
7,954.3
10,231.9
10,820.7
17,956.6
23,992.3
30,433.7
33,016.1

Architectural

312.5
389.6
382
351.3
354.7
333.3
325.9
275.5

Business Management

20,139.2
21,122.2
23,455.8
23,650.2
24,262.9
27,204.1
27,963.7
24,416

Engineering And Technical

5,059.4
6,021
5,183.1
4,717.9
3,915
4,747.8
7,164.3
6,765.1

Legal

643.4
676.8
766.8
870.8
975.1
990
1,005.2
946.9

Research And Development

1,148.6
914.6
1,054.5
944.4
1,080.3
1,033.8
981.5
965.7

Operating Leasing

3,738.2
4,902.5
5,883.3
5,402.8
4,786
5,400.2
5,942.8
4,798.8

Trade-related

3,928.1
4,899.9
5,469.1
4,855.5
6,291.6
9,084.2
10,211
9,783.6

Others

400.9
531.2
577.1
745.7
833.7
925.4
1,193.9
1,054.3

Imports Of Services

187,335.7
211,177.6
222,299.6
218,942.8
250,236.1
269,932.7
284,014.7
238,266.5

Manufacturing Services On Physical Inputs Owned By Others

6,500.5
7,846.8
8,341.2
7,689.7
8,127.8
7,321.1
7,189.5
6,755.2

Maintenance And Repair Services

845.2
880.7
929.3
924.1
821.7
1,118.1
1,159
962.5

Transport

49,280.7
57,822.3
65,611.6
59,884
70,314.3
84,180.3
88,135.5
72,588.8

Freight

29,938.6
36,584.5
43,581.5
37,807.2
47,356.6
55,818.1
58,567.1
52,482.6

Others

19,342.1
21,237.8
22,030.1
22,076.8
22,957.7
28,362.2
29,568.4
20,106.2

Travel

30,540.3
32,368.7
32,524.9
33,108.7
34,521.1
35,763.2
37,274.2
9,420.4

Insurance

4,257.3
3,609.4
4,376.7
6,032.5
5,548.7
6,652.5
7,552.5
7,336

Government Goods And Services

287
295.1
274.7
310.3
293.4
311.5
315.6
288.1

Construction

679.8
497.6
466.9
514.1
519.9
742.4
643.3
409.9

Financial

4,647.2
5,502
6,194
6,363.4
7,691
8,852.2
9,833
11,199.9

Telecommunications, Computer & Information

11,792.6
20,311.2
14,932.2
17,648.6
20,806.6
19,843.1
22,807.9
24,065

Charges For The Use Of Intellectual Property

28,769.9
26,452.9
26,672
21,638.8
21,701
22,984.6
23,481.3
23,245.9

Personal, Cultural And Recreational

584.1
625.3
685.2
542.3
582.9
654.9
716.3
691.2

Other Business Services

49,151.1
54,965.6
61,290.9
64,286.3
79,307.7
81,508.8
84,906.6
81,303.6

Accounting

260.1
290.8
331
392
404.8
527
616.1
569.1

Advertising And Market Research

3,101.4
3,418.6
3,808.8
4,258.7
7,983
10,159.8
13,608
14,121.8

Architectural

78.8
56.9
46.9
72
55.5
65.1
51.8
48.2

Business Management

15,750.8
17,318.3
18,749.9
21,742.8
23,628.7
26,205.5
29,408.8
27,965.9

Engineering And Technical

2,755.6
3,336.6
3,286.9
3,323.5
3,186.4
3,252.3
4,189.5
4,048.4

Legal

262.6
298.7
315.4
336.8
348
393.9
434.8
417.4

Research And Development

11,677.6
10,651.6
17,126.5
14,544.7
22,357
18,821.8
17,456.1
16,295.8

Operating Leasing

4,437.6
7,581.7
5,177.4
5,074.7
5,601.6
5,896.1
5,680.5
4,596.8

Trade-related

10,573.2
11,747.5
12,097
14,146
15,371.5
15,855.7
13,117.6
12,939

Others

253.4
264.9
351.1
395.1
371.2
331.6
343.4
301.2
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Visualising Data

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Definitions

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Other References

Singapore Department of Statistics
Singapore's International Trade in Services View
Enterprise Singapore
Singapore’s External Trade View
Singapore Customs
Singapore Trade Classification, Customs & Excise Duties View
Ministry of Trade and Industry
Economic Survey of Singapore View