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Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
National Accounts            
GDP at Current Market Prices S$m Q3/21 130,485.3 12.3 128,527.5 21.0
GDP in Chained (2015) Dollars S$m Q3/21 121,514.4 7.1 119,660.0 15.2
GDP at Current Market Prices S$m 2020  469,095.9 -8.2 510,737.8 0.7
GDP in Chained (2015) Dollars S$m 2020 453,821.2 -5.4 479,680.9 1.3
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Per Capita GDP S$ 2020 82,503  -7.9 89,547 -0.4
Per Capita GNI S$ 2020 72,418  -8.2 78,847  -0.8
Gross Fixed Capital Formation at Current Prices S$m 2020 100,741.9 -14.3  117,486.7 -2.3
Public Sector S$m 2020  16,964.1 -23.5  22,178.0 3.8
Private Sector S$m 2020 83,777.8 -12.1 95,308.7 2.0
Gross National Saving S$m 2020 188,595.0 -5.1  198,786.8 -3.0 

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Merchandise Trade
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m Oct-21 102,041.5 24.0 98,100.1 18.6
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m Oct-21 54,090.0 22.7 52,062.2 18.6

Domestic Exports

S$m Oct-21 24,017.4 28.8 22,933.5 21.9

Non-oil Domestic Exports

S$m Oct-21 16,324.5 17.9 15,754.1 12.0

Re-exports

S$m Oct-21 30,072.5 18.2 29,128.8 16.1
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m Oct-21 47,951.6 25.6 46,037.9 18.7
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m 2020 969,112.0 -5.2 1,022,226.5 -3.2
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m 2020 515,644.5 -3.2 532,514.1 -4.2

Domestic Exports

S$m 2020 234,449.4 -6.8 251,593.6 -10.5

Non-oil Domestic Exports

S$m 2020 172,424.1 4.3 165,376.9 -9.2

Re-exports

S$m 2020 281,195.2 0.1 280,920.5 2.3
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m 2020 453,467.4 -7.4 489,712.4 -2.1

Data are preliminary when first released.
1. Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2. Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items
Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Services





Retail Sales Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
Oct-21
92.2
7.5
88.2
6.8
Food & Beverage Services Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
Oct-21
77.9
-4.5
79.2
4.5
Domestic Wholesale Trade Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
Q3/21
96.8
38.4
95.4
48.4
Foreign Wholesale Trade Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
Q3/21
127.5
43.9
119.7
49.2
Business Receipts Index (2014=100)
Q3/21
125.7
16.0
120.0
17.1

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Manufacturing            
Industrial Production Index (2019=100)

Oct-21 124.2 16.9 124.9 -2.2
Total Output 3/ 4/ S$m 2020 310,339.0 -8.1 337,799.9 -7.4 
Value Added 4/ S$m  2020 89,788.5 -3.0 92,570.4 -7.0
Employment 4/ '000  2020 366.6 -3.4 379.5 -0.6
Remuneration 4/ S$m 2020 21,869.8 -3.3 22,616.8 3.6
Change in Unit Labour Cost of Manufacturing % 2020  68.1 -22.8 88.2 4.9

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2015.
4 Refers to all manufacturing establishments.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y) 2/
Labour, Employment, Wages and Productivity            
Employment Level (quarterly) 3/ '000 Sep-21 3,587.8 -0.6 3,597.3 -1.3
Employment Change (quarterly) 3/ '000 Sep-21 -9.4 na -19.9 na
Unemployment (seasonally adjusted) (quarterly) % of labour force Sep-21 2.6 na 2.7 na
Value Added per Worker Growth  % Q3/21 8.2 na 17.4 na
Total Labour Force 4/ '000  2020 3,713.9 na 3,742.5 na
Resident Labour Force 5/ '000  2020  2,345.5 na 2,328.5 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y) 2/
Employed Persons 4/ '000  2020 3,574 na

3,631.7

na
Employed Residents 5/ '000  2020  2,222.6 na 2,230.4 na
Unemployment Rate (seasonally adjusted) 4/ % 2021 2.7 na 2.8 na
Resident Unemployment Rate (seasonally adjusted) 5/ % 2021 3.5 na 3.9 na
Labour Force Participation Rate (as at June) 6/ % 2021 70.5 na 68.1 na
Males % 2021 77.2 na 75.4 na
Females % 2021 64.2 na 61.2 na
Annual Growth in Value Added per Worker % 2020 -3.4 na -0.2 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Includes Migrant Domestic Workers.
4 Refers to total persons aged 15 years and over. Data are for mid-year.
5 Refers to Singapore residents (citizens and permanent residents) aged 15 years and over. Data are for mid-year.
6 Refers to % of Population aged 15 & over.

Item Legend Latest Period Latest Data             % Change
            (Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
            Period Data
% Change
            (Y-o-Y)  2/
Prices and Price Indices            
Consumer Price Index (2019 as Base Year) Oct-21 103.0 3.2 102.7 2.5
Domestic Supply Price Index (2018=100) Oct-21 109.7 25.4 105.9 21.3
Singapore Manufactured Products Price Index (2018=100) Oct-21 103.3 16.3 101.1 14.4
Import Price Index (2018=100) Oct-21 109.1 20.0 105.9 16.3
Export Price Index (2018=100) Oct-21 108.8 20.7 106.3 17.4
Sea Freight Transport Price Index (2017=100)  Q2/21 145.5 23.5 131.0 5.0
Warehousing and Storage Price Index (2016=100)  Q2/21 105.5 3.1 105.2 3.8
Cargo Handling Price Index (2016=100)  Q2/21 100.3 1.2 101.4 2.4
Freight Forwarding Price Index (2017=100)  Q2/21 128.7 -2.0 128.7 22.1
Telecommunications Services Price Index (2017=100)  Q2/21 99.1 -1.6 99.2 2.1
Computer Consultancy and Information Services Price Index (2016=100)  Q2/21 103.8 0.0 103.8 0.2
Accounting Services Price Index (2017=100)  Q2/21 110.5 1.2 110.5 1.0
Consumer Price Index (2019 as Base Year) 2020 99.8 -0.2 100.0 0.6

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Tourism            
Visitor Arrivals (excluding Malaysian arrivals by land) '000 2020 2,742.2 -85.7 19,116.0 3.3
Hotel Occupancy Rate 3/ % 2020 56.7 -34.8 86.9 0.9
Available Room Nights 4/ '000  2020 14,002.5 -35.8 21,799.8 2.6

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Data under the column for '% change (y-o-y)' refer to percentage point change.
4 Refers to room-nights available for occupancy. Excludes rooms closed for renovations and staff use as declared by the hotels in the statutory forms.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
InfoComm and Media            
International Telephone Call Minutes  Million 2020 13,5443.8 -27.0 18,544,7 -19.1
Total SMS Messages Million 2020 6,121.5 -13.0 7,033.4 -2.0
Mobile Population Penetration Rate  % 2020 148.2 na 159.1 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Transport            
Air Cargo Handled 3/ Tonnes  2020 1,544,101 -23.3 2,014,097 -6.5
Aircraft Landings   Number 2020 62,721 -67.2 191,164 -1.0
Sea Cargo Handled '000 Tonnes 2020 590,277.8 -5.8 626,521.2 -0.6
Arrival of Vessels of Over 75 GT 4/ Number 2020 96,857 -30.0 138,297 -1.8
Arrival of Vessels of Over 75 GT 4/ '000 GT 2020 2,902,615 1.7 2,854,734 2.2
Container Throughput '000  TEUs  5/ 2020 36,870,9 -0.9 37,195.6 1.6

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to changi airport only.
4 Includes all sea-going vessels & regional ferries above 75 gt.
5 Refers to twenty-foot equivalent units.

Item Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Government Operations            
Cash surplus/deficit 3/ S$m Oct-21 -1,688.8 -323.5 -212.7 -348.2
Net cash inflow from operating activities S$m Oct-21 -2,516.0 -443.8 -257.6 -71.4
Cash receipts from operating activities S$m Oct-21 5,167.0 -15.8 7,296.3 14.7
Cash payments for operating activities S$m Oct-21 7,683.0 42.1 7,553.9 4.1
Net cash outflow from investments in nonfinancial assets S$m Oct-21 -827.2 3,378.2 -44.9 -95.4
Purchases of nonfinancial assets S$m Oct-21 417.6 52.8 578.0 210.2
Sales of nonfinancial assets S$m Oct-21 1,244.8 319.0 622.9 -46.9
Net cash inflow from financing activities 4/ S$m Oct-21 -289.5 -102.3 8,965.6 -339.1
Net incurrence of liabilities S$m Oct-21 -229.9 -101.9 8,862.7 -305.3
Domestic S$m Oct-21 -229.9 -101.9 8,862.7 -305.3
Foreign S$m Oct-21 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Net acquisition of financial assets other than cash S$m Oct-21 59.6 -122.4 -102.9 -81.8
Domestic excluding cash S$m Oct-21 59.6 -122.4 -102.9 -81.8
Foreign excluding cash S$m Oct-21 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
             
Item Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Government Debt            
Central Government Debt S$m Q3/21 764,357.9 10.8 744,302.0 8.7
External Debt S$m Q3/21 0.0 na 0.0 na
Domestic Debt S$m Q3/21 764,357.9 10.8 744,302.0 8.7
Registered Stocks & Bonds S$m Q3/21 689,275.5 10.8 665,881.6 8.8
Treasury Bills S$m Q3/21 65,200.0 9.2 64,000.0 7.7
Advance Deposits S$m Q3/21 9,882.4 15.7 14,420.4 10.2
Domestic Debt (Excluding Advance Deposits) S$m Q3/21 754,475.5 10.7 729,881.6 8.7
1 year maturity or less S$m Q3/21
106,893.8 23.7 96,493.5 -3.2
More than 1 year maturity S$m Q3/21 647,581.7 8.8 633,388.1 10.7
             
Item Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Government Finance (Financial Year) 5/            
Operating Revenue 6/ S$m FY 2020 64,608 -13.0 74,274 0.7
Total Expenditure S$m FY 2020 94,056 24.8 75,337 -3.2
Operating Expenditure 7/ S$m FY 2020 77,644 32.3 58,667 1.9
Development Expenditure 8/ S$m FY 2020 16,412 -1.6 16,671 -17.7
Primary Surplus/Deficit S$m FY 2020 -29,448 na  -1,063 na
Special Transfers 9/ S$m FY 2020 53,589 254.2 15,129 68.3
Special Transfers Excluding Top-ups to Endowment and Trust Funds  S$m FY 2020 36,269 na 1,561 na 
Basic Surplus/Deficit 10/ S$m FY 2020 -65,716 na -2,625 na
Top-ups to Endowment and Trust Funds S$m FY 2020 17,320 na 13,568 na
Net Investment Returns Contribution 11/ S$m FY 2020 18,141 6.5 17,038 3.8
Overall Budget Surplus/Deficit S$m FY 2020 -64,895 na 845 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Does not reflect the fiscal position of the current term of government, as it takes into account land sales and capital receipts (which accrue primarily to past reserves) in addition to taxes and other revenues, as well as land-related expenditure.
4 Reflects the net issuance of Government securities and lending minus repayments.
5 Refers to the Government's financial year, which begins on 1 April of the current year and ends on 31 March of the following year. Data for FY2020 are revised estimates. Figures may not add up due to rounding.
6 Excludes the repayment of loans and advances, interest income, investment income and capital receipts.
7 Refers to expenditure on manpower, other operating expenditure (excluding expenses on investment and agency fees on land sales), operating grants and transfers.
8 Excludes loans to statutory boards, industrial and commercial enterprises and land-related expenditure.
9 Refers to discretionary transfers made by the Government and these include one-off direct transfers to businesses and households, as well as top-ups to endowment and trust funds created by the Government for specific expenditure objectives.
10 Refers to before Top-ups to Endowment and Trust Funds and Net Investment Income (NII)/Returns Contribution.
11 Refers to contributions from investment returns on reserves, where Net Investment Returns (NIR) is the sum of: (1) up to 50% of the expected long-term real rate of return on the relevant assets specified in the Constitution; and (2) up to 50% of the NII on the remaining assets.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Finance and Insurance            
Money Supply (M1) 3/ 4/ S$m Oct-21 280,707.7 na 279,011.1 na
Money Supply (M2) 3/ 4/ S$m Oct-21 722,271.4 na 722,274.7 na
Singapore Overnight Rate Average % p.a Oct-21 0.22 -0.08 0.07 -0.01
3-month S$ SIBOR % p.a Oct-21 0.44 0.03 0.43 0.02
12-week MAS Bill Rate % p.a Oct-21 0.40 0.09 0.33 0.06
5-year Govt Bond Interest Rate % p.a Oct-21 1.46 0.96 0.94 0.49
Exchange Rate S$ per US$ (as at end-month) S$ per US$ Oct-21 1.3444 -1.4 1.3611 -0.6
Official Foreign Reserves at end of year S$m 2020 478,840.1 27.4 375,782.5 -4.2
Exchange Rate S$ per US$ (as at end of period) S$ per US$ 2020  1.3221 -1.9 1.3472 -1.3
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Commercial Banks
Local 5/ 6/ Number 2020 4 na 4 na
Foreign 5/ Number 2020 128 na 127 na
Assets/Liabilities 5/ S$m 2020 1,528,444.9 10.6 1,382,188.3 8.7
Deposits of Non-bank Customers 5/ 7/ S$m 2020 763,846.9 11.8 683,520.8 8.9
Loans to Non-Bank Customers 5/ 8/ S$m 2020 678,723.9 -2.0 692,400.5 3.1
Assets/Liabilities of Asian Currency Units 5/ US$m 2020 1,461,359.8 9.7 1,331,815.8 3.5
Foreign Exchange Transactions - Average Daily Turnover US$m 2020 544,129 9.0 499,062 4.3

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Data have been revised from Jul 2021 following changes to the MAS Notice 610.
4 Data prior to Jul 2021 on a comparable basis with the Jul 2021 data are not available.
5 At end of period.
6 All local banks are full banks.
7 Excludes non-bank customers' holdings of Singapore dollar negotiable certificates of deposits.
8 Includes bills financing.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Balance of Payments            
Balance of Payments S$m Q3/21 30,068.1 111.0 21,668.7 -52.1
Current Account Balance S$m Q3/21 28,121.6 23.7 26,785.4 31.0

Exports of Goods and Services

S$m Q3/21 234,325.0 14.6 230,597.0 23.2

Imports of Goods and Services

S$m Q3/21 190,395.5 16.6 186,645.6 25.9

Primary Income Balance

S$m Q3/21 -13,396.5 15.7 -14,812.2 5.7

Secondary Income Balance

S$m Q3/21 -2,411.4 7.3 -2,353.8 13.1
Capital and Financial Account Balance 3/ S$m Q3/21 -552.5 na 6,264.2 na
Reserve Assets S$m Q3/21 30,068.1 111.0 21,668.7 -52.1
Official Foreign Reserves US$m Oct-21 419,032.0 24.0 416,750.9 27.0

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Decrease in assets and liabilities, and net inflows in net balances, are indicated by a minus [-] sign).

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Direct Investment Abroad            
Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad S$m 2019 934,738.4 8.0 865,797.0 -2.1

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Foreign Direct Investment            
Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore S$m 2019 1,912,272.3 10.4 1,732,177.0 10.5

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Investment Commitments            
Investment Commitments in Manufacturing & Services (Fixed Assets Investments) S$m 2020 17,170.6 na 15,184.4 na
Foreign Investments S$m 2020 14,202.4 na 13,935.0 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Trade in Services            
Singapore's Total Trade in Services S$b 2020 497.1 -14.3 508.3 5.7
Singapore's Export of Services S$b 2020 258.8 -12.7 296.3 6.2
Singapore's Import of Services S$b
2020 238.3 -16.1 284.0 5.2

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Legend Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Corporate Sector            
Total Assets S$b 2019 9,338.2 3.8 8,997.0 7.8
Total Equity S$b 2019 3,450.5 0.4 3,437.9 15.2

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y) 2/
Population and Population Structure
(Mid-Year Estimates)
           
Total Population 3/ '000 2021 5,453.6 -4.1 5,685.8 -0.3
Singapore Residents 3/ '000 2021 3,986.8 -1.4 4,044.2 0.4
Singapore Citizens '000 2021 3,498.2 -0.7 3,523.2 0.6
Singapore Permanent Residents '000 2021 488.7 -6.2 521.0 -0.8
Population Density Per Sq Km 2021 7,485 na 7,810 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y) 2/
Age Structure 4/            
Below 20 years '000 2021 782.1 -2.7 803.4 -1.2
20-64 Years '000 2021 2,565.7 -2.3 2,626.4 -0.2
65 years & Over '000 2021 639.0 4.0 614.4 5.6
Median Age 4/ Years
2021 41.8 na 41.5 na
Old Age Support Ratio 4/ Number of Residents Aged 20-64
per Resident Aged 65 Years & Over
2021 4.0 na 4.3 na
Sex Ratio 4/  Males per 1,000 Females 2021 960 na 957 na

na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Total population comprises Singapore residents and non-residents. The resident population comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents
4 Refers to the resident population.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Environment            
Land Area 
(As At June)
Sq Km 2021 728.6 0.1 728.0 0.4
Land Area 
(As At December)
Sq Km 2020 728.3 0.4 725.7 0.2

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Birth and Fertility            
Total Live-Births Number 2020 38,590 -1.8 39,279 0.6
Resident Crude Birth Rate Per 1,000
Residents
2020 8.5 na 8.8 na
Resident Total Fertility Rate Per Female 2020 1.10 na 1.14 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Death and Life Expectancy            
Total Deaths Number 2020 22,054 2.8 21,446 0.8
Crude Death Rate 3/

Per 1,000
Residents

2020 5.2 na 5.0 na
Age-Standardised Death Rate 3/ 4/

Per 1,000
Residents

2020 2.8 na 2.8 na
Infant Mortality Rate 3/

Per 1,000
Live-births

2020 1.8  na 1.7 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Life Expectancy at Birth 3/ Years  2020  83.9  na 83.7 na
Males Years  2020  81.5   na 81.4 na
Females Years  2020  86.1  na 85.9 na
Life Expectancy at Age 65 3/ Years  2020  21.5 na 21.4 na
Males Years  2020  19.6  na 19.5 na
Females Years  2020  23.2  na 23.0 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to the resident population.
4 The Singapore resident population as at June 2003 is used as the standard population which is chosen to fix the age structure to eliminate its effect on mortality trends.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Marital Status, Marriages and Divorces            
 Marital Status (among residents aged 15 years over)            

 Single

% 2020 31.5  na 30.9 na

 Married

 % 2020 58.8  na 60.1 na

 Widowed

 % 2020 5.3  na 4.9 na

 Divorced/Separated

 % 2020 4.3  na 4.1 na
 Number of Marriages Number 2020  22,651 -10.9 25,434 -5.8
 Number of Divorces & Annulments Number 2020  6,959 -8.7 7,623 3.8
General Marriage Rate 3/
Males Per 1,000 Unmarried Resident
Males Aged 15-49 Years
2020 35.7 na 40.7 na
Females Per 1,000 Unmarried Resident
Females Aged 15-49 Years
2020 34.9 na 37.9 na
General Divorce Rate 3/            
Males Per 1,000 Married Resident
Males Aged 20 Years & Over
2020 6.3 na 6.9  na
Females Per 1,000 Married Resident
Females Aged 20 Years & Over
 2020 6.1 na 6.5  na

na not available or not applicable
1. Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2. Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3. Refers to the resident population.

Item Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Education, Language Spoken and Literacy 3/            

Literacy Rate (among residents aged 15 yrs & over)

% 2020 97.1 na 97.5 na
Males % 2020 98.5 na 98.9 na
Females % 2020 95.8 na 96.1 na

% with Post-Secondary Qualifications (among residents aged 25 years & over) 4/

% 2020 58.3 na 57.3 na
Males % 2020 61.8 na 61.3 na
Females % 2020 55.1 na 53.6 na
Item Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/

Mean Years of Schooling (among residents aged 25 years & over) 4/

Years
2020  11.3  na 11.2  na
Males Years
2020  11.7  na 11.6  na
Females Years
2020  10.9  na 10.8  na
Annual Output - University Graduates 5/ Number   2019 19,173 0.9 18,997 2.5
Annual Output - Polytechnic Graduates 6/ Number
2019 23,798 -1.8 24,239 -6.1

na not available or not applicable
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to the resident population.
4 Refers to residents who were not attending educational institutions as full-time students and include those who were upgrading their qualifications through part-time courses.
5 Refers to graduates from university first degree courses from National University of Singapore (NUS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore Management University (SMU), Singapore Institute of Technology (SIT) and Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD).
6 Refers to graduates from polytechnic diploma courses from Singapore Polytechnic, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Temasek Polytechnic, Nanyang Polytechnic and Republic Polytechnic.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y?o?Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y?o?Y)  2/
Health            
Doctors Per 10,000 Population 2019 25 na 24 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Public Safety            
Crime Rate Per 100,000 Population 2020 658 na 616 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Households            
Number of Resident Households3/ '000 2020 1,372.6 0.0 1,372.4 3.6
Average Household Size of Resident Households 4/ Persons 2020 3.22 na 3.16 na
Proportion of Owner-Occupied Resident Households 5/ % 2020 87.9 na 90.4 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Resident Households by Type of Dwelling
Total 6/ % 2020 100.0 na 100.0 na
Total HDB Dwellings % 2020 78.7 na 78.6 na
HDB 1- & 2-Room Flats 7/ % 2020 6.5 na 6.2 na
HDB 3-Room Flats % 2020 17.7 na 17.5 na
HDB 4-Room Flats % 2020 31.6 na 31.8 na
HDB 5-Room & Executive Flats % 2020 22.9 na 23.1 na
Condominiums & Other Apartments % 2020 16.0 na 16.2 na
Landed Properties % 2020 5.0 na 5.0 na

na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to households where the household reference person is a Singapore citizen or permanent resident.
4 Household size refers to the total number of members in the household, including domestic workers.
5 Refers to the proportion of households where the household reference person or any other member owns the house, and is as reported by respondents.
6 'Total' includes other types of dwelling not shown, e.g. non-HDB shophouses etc.
7 Includes HDB studio apartments.