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Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
National Accounts            
GDP at Current Market Prices S$m Q1/20 122,900.3 -2.3  128,661.2 -2.1
GDP in Chained (2015) Dollars S$m Q1/20 116,001.7 -0.7  120,575.3 1.0
GDP in Chained (2015) Dollars (SA) S$m Q1/20 117,792.1 -4.7  119,230.4 0.6
GDP at Current Market Prices S$m 2019  507,567.7 0.8 503,395.2 6.6
GDP in Chained (2015) Dollars S$m 2019 475,279.5 0.7 471,819.6 3.4
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Per Capita GDP S$ 2019 88,991  -0.3 89,275 6.1 
Per Capita GNI S$ 2019 80,778  0.1 80,705  3.8
Gross Fixed Capital Formation at Current Prices S$m 2019 117,488.1 1.0  116,362.5 -3.1 
Public Sector S$m 2019  22,004.7 3.6  21,242.0 -5.1 
Private Sector S$m 2019 95,483.4 0.4  95,120.4 -2.6 
Gross National Saving S$m 2019 212,308.6 -1.2  214,799.9 4.3 

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Merchandise Trade
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m May-20 66,972.7 -25.0 74,402.9 -12.9
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m May-20 35,506.8 -23.9 38,517.2 -12.7

Domestic Exports

S$m May-20 15,916.9 -31.6 17,817.4 -17.1

Non-oil Domestic Exports

S$m May-20 13,821.3 -4.5 15,111.6 9.7

Re-exports

S$m May-20 19,589.9 -16.2 20,699.8 -8.6
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m May-20 31,465.9 -26.2 35,885.6 -13.1
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m 2019 1,022,226.5 -3.2 1,055,859.1 9.2
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m 2019 532,514.1 -4.2 555,665.1 7.9

Domestic Exports

S$m 2019 251,593.6 -10.5 281,137.8 8.4

Non-oil Domestic Exports

S$m 2019 165,376.9 -9.2 182,133.2 4.2

Re-exports

S$m 2019 280,920.5 2.3 274,527.2 7.4
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m 2019 489,712.4 -2.1 500,194.0 10.6

Data are preliminary when first released.
1. Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2. Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Legend Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Services





Retail Sales Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
May-20
46.8
-52.1
55.1
-40.3
Food & Beverage Services Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
May-20
50.4
-50.1
46.8
-52.7
Domestic Wholesale Trade Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
Q1/20
91.6
-9.6
103.7
-14.9
Foreign Wholesale Trade Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
Q1/20
88.8
-12.2
110.4
-4.9
Business Receipts Index (2014=100)
Q1/20
118.6
-1.1
126.1
4.5

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Manufacturing            
Industrial Production Index (2019=100)

May-20 89.4 -7.4 119.4 13.6
Total Output 3/ 4/ S$m 2019 336,185.8 -7.9 364,872.1 13.3 
Value Added 4/ S$m  2019 97,174.8 -2.4 99,540.1 25.9 
Persons Employed 4/ '000  2019 377.1 -1.2 381.9 -1.1
Remuneration 4/ S$m 2019 21,948.0 0.5 21,827.9 0.8
Change in Unit Labour Cost of Manufacturing % 2019  87.0 3.2 84.3 -4.1

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2015.
4 Refers to all manufacturing establishments.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y) 2/
Labour, Employment, Wages and Productivity            
Employment Level (quarterly) '000 Mar-20 3,759.3 0.8 3,784.5 1.9
Employment Change (quarterly) '000 Mar-20 -25.2 na 21.5 na
Unemployment (seasonally adjusted) (quarterly) % of labour force Mar-20 2.4 na 2.3 na
Value Added per Worker Growth  % Q1/20 -2.1 na -0.7 na
Total Labour Force 3/ '000  2019 3,740.8 na 3,675.6 na
Resident Labour Force 4/ '000  2019  2,328.5 na 2,292.7 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y) 2/
Employed Persons 3/ '000  2019 3,630.0 na

3,575.3

na
Employed Residents 4/ '000  2019  2,230.4 na 2,203.7 na
Unemployment Rate (seasonally adjusted) 3/ % 2019 2.2 na 2.1 na
Resident Unemployment Rate (seasonally adjusted) 4/ % 2019 3.1 na 2.9 na
Labour Force Participation Rate (as at June) 5/ % 2019 68.0 na 67.7 na
Males % 2019 75.4 na 75.6 na
Females % 2019 61.1 na 60.2 na
Annual Growth in Value Added per Worker % 2019 -0.9 na 2.7 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to total persons aged 15 years and over. Data are for mid-year.
4 Refers to Singapore residents (citizens and permanent residents) aged 15 years and over. Data are for mid-year.
5 Refers to % of Population aged 15 & over.

Items Legend Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Prices and Price Indices            
Consumer Price Index (2019 as Base Year) May-20 99.5 -0.8 99.0 -0.7
Domestic Supply Price Index (2018=100) May-20 84.0 -14.4 83.1 -15.0
Singapore Manufactured Products Price Index (2018=100) May-20 89.1 -8.4 88.1 -8.9
Import Price Index (2018=100) May-20 88.1 -12.7 88.0 -12.7
Export Price Index (2018=100) May-20 90.0 -10.0 89.7 -10.3
Consumer Price Index (2019 as Base Year) 2019 100.0 0.6 99.4 0.4

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Tourism            
Visitor Arrivals (excluding Malaysian arrivals by land) '000 2019 19,111.3 3.3 18,508.3 6.2
Hotel Occupancy Rate 3/ % 2019 87.1 1.3 86.0 1.4
Available Room Nights 4/ '000  2019 21,813 2.7 21,248 5.4

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Data under the column for '% change (y-o-y)' refer to percentage point change.
4 Refers to room-nights available for occupancy. Excludes rooms closed for renovations and staff use as declared by the hotels in the statutory forms.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
InfoComm and Media            
International Telephone Call Minutes  Million 2019 35,041.9 52.9 22,918.6 7.9
Total SMS Messages Million 2019 7,033.4 -2.0 7,179.1 -15.4
Mobile Population Penetration Rate  % 2019 159.1 na 148.8 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Transport            
Air Cargo Handled 3/ Tonnes  2019 2,014,097 -6.5 2,154,880 1.4
Aircraft Landings   Number 2019 191,164 -1.0 193,000 3.4
Sea Cargo Handled '000 Tonnes 2019 626,521.2 -0.6 630,125.3 0.4
Arrival of Vessels of Over 75 GT 4/ Number 2019 138,297 -1.8 140,768 -3.0
Arrival of Vessels of Over 75 GT 4/ '000 GT 2019 2,854,734 2.2 2,791,966 -0.3
Container Throughput '000  TEUs  5/ 2019 37,195.6 1.6 36,599.3 8.7

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to changi airport only.
4 Includes all sea-going vessels & regional ferries above 75 gt.
5 Refers to twenty-foot equivalent units.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Government Operations            
Cash surplus/deficit 3/ S$m May-20 -8,117.6 na -4,688.1 na
Net cash inflow from operating activities S$m May-20 -7,831.5 na -4,996.7 na
Cash receipts from operating activities S$m May-20 4,523.0 na 1,664.6 na
Cash payments for operating activities S$m May-20 12,354.5 na 6,661.3 na
Net cash outflow from investments in nonfinancial assets S$m May-20 286.1 na -308.6 na
Purchases of nonfinancial assets S$m May-20 412.4 na 498.7 na
Sales of nonfinancial assets S$m May-20 126.3 na 807.3 na
Net cash inflow from financing activities 4/ S$m May-20 17,787.3 na 11,285.2 na
Net incurrence of liabilities S$m May-20 17,684.5 na 11,404.8 na
Domestic S$m May-20 17,684.5 na 11,404.8 na
Foreign S$m May-20 0.0 na 0.0 na
Net acquisition of financial assets other than cash S$m May-20 -102.8 na 119.6 na
Domestic excluding cash S$m May-20 -102.8 na 119.6 na
Foreign excluding cash S$m May-20 0.0 na 0.0 na
             
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Government Debt            
Central Government Debt S$m Q1/20 656,258.0 16.8 641,094.3 17.3
External Debt S$m Q1/20 0.0 na 0.0 na
Domestic Debt S$m Q1/20 656,258.0 16.8 641,094.3 17.3
Registered Stocks & Bonds S$m Q1/20 588,594.9 9.1 569,417.4 9.3
Treasury Bills S$m Q1/20 59,000.0 467.3 58,800.0 476.5
Advance Deposits S$m Q1/20 8,663.1 -26.5 12,876.9 -17.1
Domestic Debt (Excluding Advance Deposits) S$m Q1/20 647,594.9 17.8 628,217.4 18.3
1 year maturity or less S$m Q1/20 91,925.1 95.3 90,657.7 93.5
More than 1 year maturity S$m Q1/20 555,669.8 10.5 537,559.7 11.0
             
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Government Finance (Financial Year) 5/            
Operating Revenue 6/ S$m FY 2019 74,727 1.3 73,738 -2.7
Total Expenditure S$m FY 2019 78,163 0.4 77,824 5.8
Operating Expenditure 7/ S$m FY 2019 59,546 3.4 57,561 3.6
Development Expenditure 8/ S$m FY 2019 18,617 -8.1 20,263 12.7
Primary Surplus/Deficit S$m FY 2019 -3,436 na  -4,086 na
Special Transfers 9/ S$m FY 2019 15,265 69.8 8,989 46.8
Special Transfers Excluding Top-ups to Endowment and Trust Funds  S$m FY 2019 1,697 na 1,689 na 
Basic Surplus/Deficit 10/ S$m FY 2019 -5,133 na -5,774 na
Top-ups to Endowment and Trust Funds S$m FY 2019 13,568 na 7,300 na
Net Investment Returns Contribution 11/ S$m FY 2019 17,048 3.9 16,413 11.5
Overall Budget Surplus/Deficit S$m FY 2019 -1,653 na 3,339 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Does not reflect the fiscal position of the current term of government, as it takes into account land sales and capital receipts (which accrue primarily to past reserves) in addition to taxes and other revenues, as well as land-related expenditure.
4 Reflects the net issuance of Government securities and lending minus repayments.
5 Refers to the Government's financial year, which begins on 1 April of the current year and ends on 31 March of the following year. Data for FY2019 are revised estimates. Figures may not add up due to rounding.
6 Excludes the repayment of loans and advances, interest income, investment income and capital receipts.
7 Refers to expenditure on manpower, other operating expenditure (excluding expenses on investment and agency fees on land sales), operating grants and transfers.
8 Excludes loans to statutory boards, industrial and commercial enterprises and land-related expenditure.
9 Refers to discretionary transfers made by the Government and these include one-off direct transfers to businesses and households, as well as top-ups to endowment and trust funds created by the Government for specific expenditure objectives.
10 Refers to before Top-ups to Endowment and Trust Funds and Net Investment Income (NII)/Returns Contribution.
11 Refers to contributions from investment returns on reserves, where Net Investment Returns (NIR) is the sum of: (1) up to 50% of the expected long-term real rate of return on the relevant assets specified in the Constitution; and (2) up to 50% of the NII on the remaining assets.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Finance and Insurance            
Money Supply (M1) S$m May-20 233,501.9 21.3 224,327.4 15.9
Money Supply (M2) S$m May-20 681,659.2 9.5 683,825.8 9.9
Singapore Overnight Rate Average % p.a May-20 0.12 -1.75 0.09 -1.99
3-month S$ SIBOR % p.a May-20 0.56 -1.45 0.86 -1.09
12-week MAS Bill Rate % p.a May-20 0.23 -1.81 0.41 -1.58
5-year Govt Bond Interest Rate % p.a May-20 0.44 -1.48 0.54 -1.44
Exchange Rate S$ per US$ (as at end-month) S$ per US$ Jun-20 1.39320 2.9 1.41430 2.6
Money Supply (M1) 3/ 4/ S$m 2019 195,665.7 5.9 184,755.8 0.5
Official Foreign Reserves at end of year S$m 2019 375,782.5 -4.2 392,095.8 4.8
Exchange Rate S$ per US$ (as at end of period) S$ per US$ 2019  1.3472 -1.3 1.3648 2.1
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Commercial Banks
Local 3/ 5/ Number 2019 4 na 4 na
Foreign 3/ Number 2019 127 na 123 na
Assets/Liabilities 3/ S$m 2019 1,382,138.2 8.7 1,272,080.6 4.1
Deposits of Non-bank Customers 3/ 6/ S$m 2019 683,520.8 8.9 627,768.2 3.5
Loans to Non-Bank Customers 3/ 7/ S$m 2019 692,400.5 3.1 671,734.6 3.0
Prime Lending Rate 3/ 8/ % 2019 5.25 na 5.33 na
Assets/Liabilities of Asian Currency Units 3/ US$m 2019 1,331,565.2 3.5 1,286,789.1 3.9
Foreign Exchange Transactions - Average Daily Turnover US$m 2019 499,462 4.4 478,510 3.7

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 At end of period.
4 Refers to currency in active circulation and demand deposits of private sector at end of year.
5 All local banks are full banks.
6 Excludes non-bank customers' holdings of Singapore dollar negotiable certificates of deposits.
7 Includes bills financing.
8 Refers to average rates compiled from that qouted by 10 leading banks and finance companies.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Balance of Payments            
Balance of Payments S$m Q1/20 6,995.8 -45.8 3,530.8 na
Current Account Balance S$m Q1/20 15,541.2 -12.2 19,600.6 -2.8

Exports of Goods and Services

S$m Q1/20 208,710.8 -1.4 224,918.4 -1.2

Imports of Goods and Services

S$m Q1/20 179,164.9 0.1 191,669.0 0.2

Primary Income Balance

S$m Q1/20 -12,044.7 na -11,611.6 na

Secondary Income Balance

S$m Q1/20 -1,960.0 na -2,037.2 na
Capital and Financial Account Balance 3/ S$m Q1/20 9,062.1 na 15,105.9 na
Reserve Assets S$m Q1/20 6,995.8 na 3,530.8 na
Official Foreign Reserves US$m Jun-20 312,496.6 14.1 300,991.2 13.4

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Decrease in assets and liabilities, and net inflows in net balances, are indicated by a minus [-] sign).

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Direct Investment Abroad            
Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad S$m 2018 858,080.3 -2.3 878,463.9 4.8

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Foreign Direct Investment            
Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore S$m 2018 1,736,796.1 10.8 1,567,306.7 15.9

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Investment Commitments            
Investment Commitments in Manufacturing & Services (Fixed Assets Investments) S$m 2019 15,184.4 na 10,873.3 na
Foreign Investments S$m 2019 13,935.0 na 9,153.6 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Legend Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Corporate Sector            
Total Assets S$b 2018 8,956.7 7.3 8,347.7 11.3
Total Equity S$b 2018 3,410.3 14.3 2,983.0 15.1

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y) 2/
Population and Population Structure
(Mid-Year Estimates)
           
Total Population 3/ '000 2019 5,703.6 1.2 5,638.7 0.5
Singapore Residents 3/ '000 2019 4,026.2 0.8 3,994.3 0.7
Singapore Citizens '000 2019 3,500.9 0.8 3,471.9 1.0
Singapore Permanent Residents '000 2019 525.3 0.6 522.3 -0.8
Population Density Per Sq Km 2019 7,866 na 7,804 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y) 2/
Age Structure 4/            
Below 20 years '000 2019 813.3 -0.5 817.6 -1.2
20-64 Years '000 2019 2,631.3 0.1 2,628.8 0.3
65 years & Over '000 2019 581.7 6.2 547.9 6.0
Median Age 4/ Years
2019 41.1 na 40.8 na
Old Age Support Ratio 4/ Number of Residents Aged 20-64
per Resident Aged 65 Years & Over
2019 4.5 na 4.8 na
Sex Ratio 4/  Males per 1,000 Females 2019 957 na 959 na

na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Total population comprises Singapore residents and non-residents. The resident population comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents
4 Refers to the resident population.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Environment            
Land Area 
(As At June)
Sq Km 2019 725.1 0.4 722.5 0.4
Land Area 
(As At December)
Sq Km 2019 725.7 0.2 724.2 0.4

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Birth and Fertility            
Total Live-Births Number 2019 39,279 0.6 39,039 -1.5
Crude Birth Rate 3/ Per 1,000
Residents
2019 8.8 na 8.8 na
Total Fertility Rate 3/ Per Female 2019 1.14 na 1.14 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to the resident population.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Death and Life Expectancy            
Total Deaths Number 2019 21,446 0.8 21,282 1.8
Crude Death Rate 3/

Per 1,000
Residents

2019 5.0 na 5.0 na
Age-Standardised Death Rate 3/ 4/

Per 1,000
Residents

2019 2.8 na 2.9 na
Infant Mortality Rate 3/

Per 1,000
Live-births

2019 1.7  na 2.1 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Life Expectancy at Birth 3/ Years  2019  83.6  na 83.4 na
Males Years  2019  81.4   na 81.2 na
Females Years  2019  85.7  na 85.5 na
Life Expectancy at Age 65 3/ Years  2019  21.3 na 21.2 na
Males Years  2019  19.6  na 19.4 na
Females Years  2019  22.9  na 22.7 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to the resident population.
4 The Singapore resident population as at June 2003 is used as the standard population which is chosen to fix the age structure to eliminate its effect on mortality trends.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Marital Status, Marriages and Divorces            
 Marital Status (among residents aged 15 years over)            

 Single

% 2019 30.9  na 31.2 na

 Married

 % 2019 60.1  na 59.9 na

 Widowed

 % 2019 4.9  na 5.0 na

 Divorced/Separated

 % 2019 4.1  na 3.9 na
 Number of Marriages Number 2018  27,007 -4.3 28,212 0.9
 Number of Divorces & Annulments Number 2018  7,344 -3.1 7,578 -0.5
General Marriage Rate 3/
Males Per 1,000 Unmarried Resident
Males Aged 15-49 Years
2018 43.3 na 45.7 na
Females Per 1,000 Unmarried Resident
Females Aged 15-49 Years
2018 40.8 na 42.8 na
General Divorce Rate 3/            
Males Per 1,000 Married Resident
Males Aged 20 Years & Over
2018 6.7  na 6.9   na
Females Per 1,000 Married Resident
Females Aged 20 Years & Over
 2018  6.3  na 6.5   na

na not available or not applicable
1. Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2. Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3. Refers to the resident population.

Item Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Education, Language Spoken and Literacy 3/            

Literacy Rate (among residents aged 15 yrs & over)

% 2019 97.5 na 97.3 na
Males % 2019 98.9 na 98.9 na
Females % 2019 96.1 na 95.9 na

% with Post-Secondary Qualifications (among residents aged 25 years & over) 4/

% 2019 57.3 na 55.8 na
Males % 2019 61.3 na 60.4 na
Females % 2019 53.6 na 51.5 na
Item Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/

Mean Years of Schooling (among residents aged 25 years & over) 4/

Years
2019  11.2  na 11.1  na
Males Years
2019  11.6  na 11.6  na
Females Years
2019  10.8  na 10.6  na
Annual Output - University Graduates 5/ Number   2018  18,997 2.5 18,537 16.6
Annual Output - Polytechnic Graduates 6/ Number
2018 24,239 -6.1 25,805 -1.8

na not available or not applicable
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to the resident population.
4 Refers to residents who are not attending educational institutions as full-time students. The data include those who are upgrading their qualifications through part-time courses while working.
5 Refers to graduates from university first degree courses from National University of Singapore (NUS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore Management University (SMU), Singapore Institute of Technology (SIT) and Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD).
6 Refers to graduates from polytechnic diploma courses from Singapore Polytechnic, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Temasek Polytechnic, Nanyang Polytechnic and Republic Polytechnic.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Health            
Doctors Per 10,000 Population 2018 24 na 24 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Public Safety            
Crime Rate Per 100,000 Population 2019 617 na 587 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Households            
Number of Resident Households '000 2019 1,372.4 3.6 1,325.3 2.7
Average Household Size 3/ 4/ Persons 2019 3.16 na 3.24 na
Home Ownership Rate 3/ 5/ % 2019 90.4 na 91.0 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Resident Households by Type of Dwelling
Total 6/ % 2019 100.0 na 100.0 na
Total HDB Dwellings % 2019 78.6 na 78.7 na
HDB 1- & 2-Room Flats 7/ % 2019 6.2 na 6.1 na
HDB 3-Room Flats % 2019 17.5 na 17.6 na
HDB 4-Room Flats % 2019 31.8 na 31.7 na
HDB 5-Room & Executive Flats % 2019 23.1 na 23.2 na
Condominiums & Other Apartments % 2019 16.2 na 15.9 na
Landed Properties % 2019 5.0 na 5.1 na

na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to resident households (i.e. households headed by a Singapore citizen or permanent resident).
4 Household size refers to the total number of members in the household, including domestic workers.
5 Home ownership rate refers to the proportion of households where head or any other member owns the house, and is as reported by respondents.
6 'Total' includes other types of dwelling not shown, e.g. non-HDB shophouses etc.
7 Includes HDB studio apartments.