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Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
National Accounts            
GDP at Current Market Prices S$m Q1/18 114,689.6 4.6 117,616.0 4.1
GDP at 2010 Market Prices S$m Q1/18 106,355.6 4.4 109,166.4 3.6
GDP at 2010 Market Prices (SA) S$m Q1/18 108,120.0 1.7 107,657.7 2.1
GDP at Current Market Prices S$m 2017 447,283.5 4.5 427,938.8 2.4
GDP at 2010 Market Prices S$m 2017 422,679.1 3.6 407,918.4 2.4
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Per Capita GDP S$ 2017 79,697 4.4 76,318 1.0
Per Capita GNI S$ 2017 76,863 6.2 72,376 -0.4
Gross Fixed Capital Formation at Current Market Prices S$m 2017 110,971.6 -2.3 113,639.8 -2.3
Public Sector S$m 2017 20,764.0 -7.0 22,333.7 7.3
Private Sector S$m 2017 90,207.6 -1.2 91,306.1 -4.4
Gross National Saving S$m 2017 207,849.8 5.5 196,966.5 3.1

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Merchandise Trade
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m May-18 91,267.7 9.8 82,921.8 10.6
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m May-18 48,373.8 10.1 44,495.5 10.1

Domestic Exports

S$m May-18 25,912.2 16.3 23,081.7 11.3

Non-oil Domestic Exports

S$m May-18 17,289.9 15.5 15,325.3 11.8

Re-exports

S$m May-18 22,461.6 3.7 21,413.8 8.7
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m May-18 42,893.9 9.6 38,426.3 11.2
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m 2017 967,102.4 11.1 870,216.2 -4.9
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m 2017 515,000.8 10.3 466,911.6 -5.1

Domestic Exports

S$m 2017 259,302.0 15.8 223,933.3 -5.8

Non-oil Domestic Exports

S$m 2017 174,735.9 8.8 160,558.8 -2.8

Re-exports

S$m 2017 255,698.9 5.2 242,978.4 -4.4
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m 2017 452,101.6 12.1 403,304.6 -4.7

Data are preliminary when first released.
1. Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2. Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Manufacturing            
Industrial Production Index (2015=100)

Apr-18 119.9 9.1 126.1 6.1
Total Output 3/ 4/ S$m 2017 321,078.0 17.4  273,533.2 -3.9
Value Added 4/ S$m  2017  74,965.0 7.0  70,043.6 1.5
Persons Employed 4/ '000  2017  371.9 -3.30 384.7 -4.6
Remuneration 4/ S$m 2017  21,123.3 0.60 20,995.5 -3.1
Change in Unit Labour Cost of Manufacturing % 2017 98.2 -8.00 106.7 -5.0

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2015.
4 Refers to all manufacturing establishments.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Labour, Employment, Wages and Productivity            
Employment '000 Mar-18 3,673.1 0.2 3,669.4 -0.1
Unemployment (seasonally adjusted) (quarterly) % of labour force Mar-18 2.0 na 2.1 na
Value Added per Worker Growth  % Q1/18 4.3 na 3.8 na
Total Labour Force 3/ '000  2017 3,657.0 na 3,672.8 na
Resident Labour Force 4/ '000  2017  2,269.7 na 2,257.6 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Employed Persons 3/ '000  2017 3,550.1 na 3,570.0 na
Employed Residents 4/ '000  2017  2,175.3 na 2,165.3 na
Employment Change '000 2017 -3.6 na 16.8 na
Unemployment Rate (seasonally adjusted) 3/ % 2017 2.2  na 2.1 na
Resident Unemployment Rate (seasonally adjusted) 4/ % 2017 3.1 na 3.0 na
Labour Force Participation Rate (as at June) 5/ % 2017 67.7 na 68.0 na
Males % 2017 76.0 na 76.2 na
Females % 2017 59.8 na 60.4 na
Annual Growth in Value Added per Worker % 2017 3.8 na 1.4 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to total persons aged 15 years and over. Data are for mid-year.
4 Refers to Singapore residents (citizens and permanent residents) aged 15 years and over. Data are for mid-year.
5 Refers to % of Population aged 15 & over.

Items Legend Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Prices and Price Indices            
Consumer Price Index (2014=100) Apr-18 99.3 0.1 99.8 0.2
Domestic Supply Price Index (2012=100) Apr-18 81.7 2.5 80.5 1.0
Singapore Manufactured Products Price Index (2012=100) Apr-18 84.1 0.0 85.9 1.4
Import Price Index (2012=100) Apr-18 84.8 2.0 83.6 1.5
Export Price Index (2012=100) Apr-18 87.0 0.7 86.0 -0.7
Consumer Price Index (2014=100) 2017 99.5 0.6 98.9 -0.5

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Legend Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Services





Retail Sales Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
Apr-18
93.0
0.4
99.4
-1.1
Food & Beverage Services Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
Apr-18
94.6
-1.2
102.1
3.3
Domestic Wholesale Trade Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
Q1/18
102.3
6.6
105.9
5.5
Foreign Wholesale Trade Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
Q1/18
100.9
3.2
108.4
7.5
Business Receipts Index (2014=100)
Q1/18
115.1
8.5
115.0
9.2

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Tourism            
Visitor Arrivals (excluding Malaysian arrivals by land) '000 2017 17,423.0 6.2 16,403.6 7.7
Hotel Occupancy Rate 3/ % 2017 84.7 1.9 83.1 -1.1
Available Room Nights 4/ '000  2017 20,248.3 5.5 19,195.2  6.7

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Data under the column for '% change (y-o-y)' refer to percentage point change.
4 Refers to room-nights available for occupancy. Excludes rooms closed for renovations and staff use as declared in the statutory forms. Figures refer to hotels with 50 or more rooms.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
InfoComm and Media            
International Telephone Call Minutes  Million 2017 21,242.0 -10.1 23,638.8 7.4
Total SMS Messages Million 2017 8,487.3 -13.2 9,780.3 -14.6
Mobile Population Penetration Rate  % 2017 150.8 na 149.8 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Transport            
Air Cargo Handled 3/ Tonnes  2017 2,125,226 7.9 1,969,434 6.3
Aircraft Landings   Number 2017 186,591 3.5 180,251 4.1
Sea Cargo Handled '000 Tonnes  2017 627,688.1 5.8 593,296.7 3.0
Arrival of Vessels of Over 75 GT 4/ Number 2017 145,147 4.4 138,998 4.6
Arrival of Vessels of Over 75 GT 4/ '000 GT 2017 2,799,541 5.1 2,662,695 6.3
Container Throughput '000  TEUs  5/ 2017 33,666.6 8.9 30,903.6 -0.1

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to changi airport only.
4 Includes all sea-going vessels & regional ferries above 75 gt.
5 Refers to twenty-foot equivalent units.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Government Operations            
Cash surplus/deficit 3/ S$m Apr-18 1.517.2 na -3.059.8 na
Net cash inflow from operating activities S$m Apr-18 1,356.3 na -4,753.7 na
Cash receipts from operating activities S$m Apr-18 4,666.5 na 7,171.0 na
Cash payments for operating activities S$m Apr-18 3,310.2 na 11,924.7 na
Net cash outflow from investments in nonfinancial assets S$m Apr-18 -160.9 na -1,694.0 na
Purchases of nonfinancial assets S$m Apr-18 546.9 na 1,395.7 na
Sales of nonfinancial assets S$m Apr-18 707.8 na 3,089.7 na
Net cash inflow from financing activities 4/ S$m Apr-18 2,950.8 na 6,103.4 na
Net incurrence of liabilities S$m Apr-18 2,947.5 na 6,141.5 na
Domestic S$m Apr-18 2,947.5 na 6,141.5 na
Foreign S$m Apr-18 0.0 na 0.0 na
Net acquisition of financial assets other than cash S$m Apr-18 -3.4 na 38.2 na
Domestic excluding cash S$m Apr-18 -3.4 na 38.2 na
Foreign excluding cash S$m Apr-18 0.0 na 0.0 na
             
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Government Debt            
Central Government Debt S$m Q1/18 517,091.7 7.9 502,021.9 8.4
External Debt S$m Q1/18 0.0 na 0.0 na
Domestic Debt S$m Q1/18 517,091.7 7.9 502,021.9 8.4
Registered Stocks & Bonds S$m Q1/18 496,424.8 8.6 477,882.8 8.9
Treasury Bills S$m Q1/18 9,800.0 -12.5 9,500.0 5.6
Advance Deposits S$m Q1/18 10,866.9 -0.7 14,639.1 -4.1
Domestic Debt (Excluding Advance Deposits) S$m Q1/18 506,224.8 8.1 487,382.8 8.8
1 year maturity or less S$m Q1/18 41,148.0 4.4 41,800.0 15.4
More than 1 year maturity S$m Q1/18 465,076.8 8.4 445,582.8 8.2
             
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Government Finance (Financial Year) 5/            
Operating Revenue 6/ S$m FY 2017 75,154 9.0 68,964 6.4
Total Expenditure S$m FY 2017 73,918 4.0 71,045 5.3
Operating Expenditure 7/ S$m FY 2017 56,098 7.6 52,129 8.4
Development Expenditure 8/ S$m FY 2017 17,820 -5.8 18,916 -2.3
Primary Surplus/Deficit S$m FY 2017  1,236 na  -2,080  na
Special Transfers9/ S$m FY 2017  6,234  -2.2  6,372  -38.5 
Special Transfers Excluding Top-ups to Endowment and Trust Funds  S$m FY 2017  2,224  na 2,772  na 
Basic Surplus/Deficit 10/ S$m FY 2017  -988  na -4,853 na
Top-ups to Endowment and Trust Funds S$m FY 2017  4,010 na 3,600 na
Net Investment Income/Net Investment Returns Contribution 11/ S$m FY 2017  14,607  0.2  14,577  63.0 
Overall Budget Surplus/Deficit S$m FY 2017  9,608 na 6,125  na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Does not reflect the fiscal position of the current term of government, as it takes into account land sales and capital receipts (which accrue primarily to past reserves) in addition to taxes and other revenues, as well as land-related expenditure.
4 Reflects the net issuance of Government securities and lending minus repayments.
5 Refers to the Government's financial year, which begins on 1 April of the current year and ends on 31 March of the following year. Data for FY2017 are revised estimates. Figures may not add up due to rounding.
6 Excludes the repayment of loans and advances, interest income, investment income and capital receipts.
7 Refers to expenditure on manpower, other operating expenditure (excluding expenses on investment and agency fees on land sales), operating grants and transfers.
8 Excludes loans to statutory boards, industrial and commercial enterprises and land-related expenditure.
9 Refers to discretionary transfers made by the Government and these include one-off direct transfers to businesses and households, as well as top-ups to endowment and trust funds created by the Government for specific expenditure objectives.
10 Refers to before Top-ups to Endowment and Trust Funds and Net Investment Income (NII)/Returns Contribution.
11 Refers to contributions from investment returns on reserves, where Net Investment Returns is the sum of: (1) up to 50% of the long-term expected real return on the relevant assets specified in the Constitution; and (2) up to 50% of the net investment income derived from past reserves from the remaining assets.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Finance and Insurance            
Money Supply (M1) S$m Apr-18 190,601.9 8.8 188,155.7 8.2
Money Supply (M2) S$m Apr-18 591,635.6 3.2 588,586.4 2.7
Singapore Overnight Rate Average % p.a May-18 1.12 0.67 1.47 1.02
3-month S$ SIBOR % p.a May-18 1.51 0.52 1.51 0.51
12-week MAS Bill Rate % p.a May-18 1.60 0.66 1.51 0.55
5-year Govt Bond Interest Rate % p.a May-18 2.30 0.74 2.18 0.59
Exchange Rate S$ per US$ (as at end-month) S$ per US$ May-18 1.3382 -3.4 1.3238 -5.2
Money Supply (M1) 3/ 4/ S$m 2017 183,699.3 6.3 172,753.5 7.7
Official Foreign Reserves at end of year S$m 2017 373,994.0 5.0 356,253.9 1.5
Average Exchange Rate S$ per US$ 2017  1.3807 -0.1  1.3815 0.5
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Commercial Banks
Local 3/ 5/ Number 2017 5 na 5 na
Foreign 3/ Number 2017 123 na 119 na
Assets/Liabilities 3/ S$m  2017 1,222,105.5 6.6 1,146,172.7 8.4
Deposits of Non-bank Customers 3/ 6/ S$m 2017 606,386.9 1.6 596,611.5 6.5
Loans to Non-Bank Customers 3/ 7/ S$m  2017 651,931.6 5.6 617,347.4 2.9
Prime Lending Rate 3/ 8/ % 2017 5.28 na 5.35 na
Assets/Liabilities of Asian Currency Units 3/ US$m 2017 1,239,296.7 9.3 1,134,099.6 -1.9
Foreign Exchange Transactions - Average Daily Turnover US$m 2017 634,240 -4.1 661,533 24.4

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 At end of period.
4 Refers to currency in active circulation and demand deposits of private sector at end of year.
5 All local banks are full banks.
6 Excludes non-bank customers' holdings of Singapore dollar negotiable certificates of deposits.
7 Includes bills financing.
8 Refers to average rates compiled from that qouted by 10 leading banks and finance companies.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Balance of Payments            
Balance of Payments S$m Q1/18 6,832.7 -58.9 5,583.5 242.2
Current Account Balance S$m Q1/18 20,538.1 -2.4 17,751.5 -4.0

Exports of Goods and Services

S$m Q1/18 195,232.2 4.3 201,434.6 5.4

Imports of Goods and Services

S$m Q1/18 167,611.9 4.1 176,193.8 7.3

Primary Income Balance

S$m Q1/18 -5,075.7 na -5,386.2 na

Secondary Income Balance

S$m Q1/18 -2,006.5 na -2,103.1 na
Capital and Financial Account Balance 3/ S$m Q1/18 14,193.6 na 10,835.3 na
Reserve Assets S$m Q1/18 6,832.7 na 5,583.5 na
Official Foreign Reserves US$m May-18 287,915.6 8.8 287,733.8 10.4

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Decrease in assets and liabilities, and net inflows in net balances, are indicated by a minus [-] sign).

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Direct Investment Abroad            
Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad S$m 2016 783,517.1 9.1 718,490.2 10.4

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Foreign Direct Investment            
Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore S$m 2016 1,359,476.8 7.3 1,267,105.3 13.9

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Investment Commitments            
Investment Commitments in Manufacturing & Services (Fixed Assets Investments) S$m 2017 9,449.1 na 9,389.0 na
Foreign Investments S$m 2017 8,517.4 na 7,217.5 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Population and Population Structure
(Mid-Year Estimates)
           
Total Population 3/ '000  2017   5,612.3  0.1  5,607.3  1.3
Singapore Residents 3/ '000  2017   3,965.8  0.8  3,933.6  0.8
Singapore Citizens '000 2017 3,439.2   0.9 3,408.9 1.0
Singapore Permanent Residents '000  2017   526.6  0.4 524.6 -0.6
Population Density Per Sq Km  2017  7,796 na 7,797 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Age Structure 4/            
Below 20 years '000  2017  827.5  -1.0 835.9 -1.1
20-64 Years '000  2017   2,621.7  0.4 2,610.1 0.5
65 years & Over '000  2017   516.7  6.0  487.6  6.1
Median Age 4/ Years
2017  40.5  na 40.0  na
Old Age Support Ratio 4/ Number of Residents Aged 20-64
per Resident Aged 65 Years & Over
 2017   5.1  na  5.4  na
Sex Ratio 4/  Males per 1,000 Females 2017  961 na  963  na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Total population comprises Singapore residents and non-residents. The residents population comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents
4 Refers to the resident population.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Environment            
Land Area Sq Km 2017 719.9 0.1 719.2 0.0

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Birth and Fertility            
Total Live-Births Number 2017 39,615 -4.0 41,251 -2.2
Crude Birth Rate 3/ Per 1,000
Residents
2017 8.9 na 9.4 na
Total Fertility Rate 3/ Per Female 2017 1.16 na 1.20 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to the resident population.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Death and Life Expectancy            
Total Deaths Number 2017 20,905 4.4 20,017 0.8
Crude Death Rate 3/

Per 1,000
Residents

2017 5.0 na 4.8 na
Age-Standardised Death Rate 3/ 4/

Per 1,000
Residents

2017 3.0 na 3.0 na
Infant Mortality Rate 3/

Per 1,000
Live-births

 2017   2.2  na 2.4 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Life Expectancy at Birth 3/ Years  2017   83.1  na 83.0 na
Males Years  2017   80.7   na 80.7 na
Females Years  2017   85.2  na 85.1 na
Life Expectancy at Age 65 3/ Years  2017   20.9 na 20.8 na
Males Years  2017   19.1  na 19.0 na
Females Years  2017   22.5  na 22.4 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to the resident population.
4 The Singapore resident population as at June 2003 is used as the standard population which is chosen to fix the age structure to eliminate its effect on mortality trends.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Marital Status, Marriages and Divorces            
General Marriage Rate 3/
Males Per 1,000 Unmarried Resident
Males Aged 15-49 Years
2016 44.4 na 44.2 na
Females Per 1,000 Unmarried Resident
Females Aged 15-49 Years
2016 41.6 na 41.1 na
General Divorce Rate 3/            
Males Per 1,000 Married Resident
Males Aged 20 Years & Over
2016 7.1  na 7.1   na
Females Per 1,000 Married Resident
Females Aged 20 Years & Over
 2016  6.6  na 6.6   na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable
1. Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2. Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3. Refers to the resident population.

 
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Education, Language Spoken and Literacy 3/            

Literacy Rate (among residents aged 15 yrs & over)

% 2017 97.2 na 97.0 na
Males % 2017 98.8   na 98.7 na
Females %  2017   95.7  na 95.4 na

% with Post-Secondary Qualifications (among residents aged 25 years & over) 4/

%  2017  54.2 na 52.8 na
Males %  2017  58.5  na 57.4 na
Females %  2017   50.3  na 48.5 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/

Mean Years of Schooling (among residents aged 25 years & over) 4/

Years
2017  10.9  na 10.7  na
Males Years
 2017   11.3  na 11.2  na
Females Years
2017  10.4  na 10.3  na
Annual Output - University Graduates 5/ Number   2016   15,895  2.5  15,510 0.9
Annual Output - Polytechnic Graduates 6/ Number
2016  26,266 1.0  26,010 0.2

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to the resident population.
4 Refers to residents who are not attending educational institutions as full-time students. The data include those who are upgrading their qualifications through part-time courses while working.
5 Refers to graduates from university first degree courses from national University of Singapore (NUS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore Management University (SMU), Singapore Institute of Technology (SIT) and Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) (for 2015).
6 Refers to graduates from polytechnic diploma courses from Singapore Polytechnic, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Temasek Polytechnic, Nanyang Polytechnic and Republic Polytechnic.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Health            
Doctors Per 10,000 Population 2017 24 na 23 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Public Safety            
Crime Rate Per 100,000 Population 2017 584 na 590 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Households            
Number of Resident Households '000 2017 1,289.9 2.1 1,263.6 3.1
Average Household Size 3/ 4/ Persons 2017 3.30 na 3.35 na
Home Ownership Rate 3/ % 2017 90.7 na 90.9 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Resident Households by Type of Dwelling
Total 5/ % 2017 100.0 na 100.0 na
Total HDB Dwellings 6/ % 2017 79.0 na 80.0 na
HDB 1- & 2-Room Flats 7/ % 2017 5.8 na 5.9 na
HDB 3-Room Flats % 2017 17.8 na 18.2 na
HDB 4-Room Flats % 2017 31.8 na 32.2 na
HDB 5-Room & Executive Flats % 2017 23.5 na 23.6 na
Condominiums & Other Apartments % 2017 15.6 na 14.4 na
Landed Properties % 2017 5.2 na 5.2 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to resident households (i.e. households headed by a Singapore citizen or permanent resident).
4 Household size refers to the total number of members in the household, including domestic workers.
5 Includes other types of dwelling not shown, e.g. non-HDB shophouses etc.
6 Includes non-privatised Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDC) flats.
7 Includes HDB studio apartments.