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Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
National Accounts            
GDP at Current Market Prices S$m 1Q 2024 172,128.7 6.8 176,412.1 2.6
GDP in Chained (2015) Dollars S$m 1Q 2024 133,979.9 2.7 137,319.0 2.2
GDP at Current Market Prices S$m 2023  673,300.3 -2.0 687,230.4 17.8
GDP in Chained (2015) Dollars S$m 2023 532,259.5 1.1 526,598.4 3.8
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Per Capita GDP S$ 2023 113,779  -6.7 121,914 14.0
Per Capita GNI S$ 2023 95,455  -3.1 98,550.0  8.4
Gross Fixed Capital Formation at Current Prices S$m 2023 149,410.2 4.9 142,375.9 9.7
Public Sector S$m 2023  27,626.0 12.8 24,484.0 10.1
Private Sector S$m 2023 121,784.2 3.3 117,891.9 9.7
Gross National Saving S$m 2023 274,626.5 -0.9 277,050.9 8.4 

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Merchandise Trade





Total Trade at Current Prices S$m Jun-24 100,999.5 1.2 109,664.6 13.9
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m Jun-24 52,060.1 -1.9 56,817.2 12.0
Domestic Exports S$m Jun-24 22,954.4 -2.2 25,557.3 11.0
Non-oil Domestic Exports S$m Jun-24 13,595.1 -8.7 14,188.3 -0.7
Re-exports S$m Jun-24 29,105.7 -1.7 31,259.9 12.8
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m Jun-24 48,939.5 4.7 52,847.4 16.0
Total Trade at Current Prices S$m 2023 1,205,722.6 -11.7 1,365,402.5 17.7
Total Exports at Current Prices S$m 2023 638,403.5 -10.1 709,966.6 15.6
Domestic Exports S$m 2023 285,053.0 -13.5 329,668.8 18.2
Non-oil Domestic Exports S$m 2023 173,170.9 -13.1 199,207.9 3.0
Re-exports S$m 2023 353,350.5 -7.1 380,297.8 13.5
Total Imports at Current Prices S$m 2023 567,319.1 -13.4 655,435.9 20.1

Data are preliminary when first released.
1. Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2. Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items
Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Services





Retail Sales Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
May-24
104.9
2.2
98.3
-1.2
Food & Beverage Services Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
May-24
114.5
2.9
105.9
0.1
Domestic Wholesale Trade Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
1Q 2024
96.8
-2.2
104.9
-3.1
Foreign Wholesale Trade Index at Current Prices (2017=100)
1Q 2024
147.2
3.4
156.4
-4.2
Business Receipts Index (2014=100)
1Q 2024
161.6
10.5
163.0
5.2

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Manufacturing            
Industrial Production Index (2019=100)

May-24 115.4 2.9 117.1 -1.2
Total Output 3/ 4/ 5/ S$m 2023 413,931 -10.4 462,054 17.1
Value Added 4/ S$m  2023 115,644 -15.1 136,145 18.0
Employment 4/ '000  2023 360.9 0.8 358.0 2.2
Remuneration 4/ S$m 2023 25,389 2.2 24,839 7.9
Change in Unit Labour Cost of Manufacturing % 2023  84.6 10.0 76.9 9.5

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Classified according to Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2020.
4 Refers to all manufacturing establishments.
5 Includes manufacturing output and other operating income.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y) 2/
Labour, Employment, Wages and Productivity            
Employment Level (quarterly) 3/ '000 Mar-24 4,009.4 2.0 3,999.8 2.7
Employment Change (quarterly) 3/ '000 Mar-24 9.6 na 11.6 na
Unemployment (seasonally adjusted) (quarterly) % of labour force Mar-24 2.1 na 2.0 na
Value Added per Worker Growth  % 1Q 2024 0.4 na -0.8 na
Total Labour Force 4/ '000  2023 3,936.3 na 3,754.2 na
Resident Labour Force 5/ '000  2023 2,436.2 na 2,438.0 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y) 2/
Employed Persons 4/ '000  2023 3,840.3 na

3,656.2

na
Employed Residents 5/ '000  2023 2,352.3 na 2,350.4 na
Unemployment Rate (seasonally adjusted) 4/ % 2023 1.9 na 2.1 na
Resident Unemployment Rate (seasonally adjusted) 5/ % 2023 2.7 na 2.8 na
Labour Force Participation Rate 5/6/ % 2023 68.6 na 70.0 na
Males % 2023 74.9 na 77.0 na
Females % 2023 62.6 na 63.4 na
Annual Growth in Value Added per Worker % 2023 -3.6 na -0.9 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Includes Migrant Domestic Workers.
4 Refers to total persons aged 15 years and over. Data are for mid-year.
5 Refers to Singapore residents (citizens and permanent residents) aged 15 years and over. Data are for mid-year.
6 Refers to % of Population aged 15 & over.

Item Legend Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Prices and Price Indices            
Consumer Price Index (2019 as Base Year) May-24 113.0 3.1 115.8 2.7
Consumer Price Index (2019 as Base Year) 2023 113.6 4.8 108.4 6.1
Domestic Supply Price Index (2023=100) May-24 101.5 2.6 102.2 2.0
Singapore Manufactured Products Price Index (2023=100) May-24 101.2 3.6 101.9 3.3
Import Price Index (2023=100) May-24 97.7 -1.7 99.3 -1.4
Export Price Index (2023=100) May-24 98.2 -0.1 98.9 -1.1
Accounting Services Price Index (2022=100)  1Q 2024 103.2 0.6 103.3 4.9
Accounting And Auditing Price Index (2022=100)  1Q 2024 103.1 0.7 103.3 5.1
Book-Keeping Price Index (2022=100)  1Q 2024 104.1 0.0 103.9 3.4
Cargo Handling Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 103.8 1.3 103.4 0.6
Container Depot Services Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 100.6 0.3 100.6 -0.1
Crane Services Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 102.1 2.1 101.3 1.3
Stevedoring Services Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 108.7 1.0 108.7 0.2
Computer Consultancy and Information Services Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 102.2 1.1 102.7 0.1
Computer Programming And Consultancy Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 103.3 1.9 103.3 -0.1
Information Services And Online Marketplace Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 100.4 -0.3 101.8 0.5
Freight Forwarding Price Index (2022=100)  1Q 2024 76.5 -12.2 78.4 -16.3
Sea Freight Forwarding Price Index (2022=100)  1Q 2024 70.0 -13.5 73.2 -18.4
Air Freight Forwarding Price Index (2022=100)  1Q 2024 78.6 -13.7 78.9 -19.1
Land Freight Forwarding Price Index (2022=100)  1Q 2024 142.0 9.8 142.2 32.7
Sea Freight Transport Price Index (2022=100)  1Q 2024 77.2 -4.2 71.7 -24.7
Containerised Freight Transport Price Index (2022=100)  1Q 2024 65.0 10.5 55.0 -26.1
Dry Bulk Freight Transport Price Index (2022=100)  1Q 2024 80.2 7.8 79.0 -12.3
Liquid Bulk And Gas Freight Transport Price Index (2022=100)  1Q 2024 92.6 -22.8 89.6 -32.3
Telecommunication Services Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 102.2 -0.4 101.6 -0.9
Wired And Wireless Services Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 101.0 1.4 100.3 -1.9
Internet Access Providers And Other Telecommunication Services Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 102.9 -1.6 102.5 -0.2
Warehousing and Storage Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 107.7 4.6 106.4 4.4
General And Refrigerated Warehousing Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 108.4 4.3 107.9 4.7
Dangerous Goods Storage Price Index (2021=100)  1Q 2024 106.7 5.0 104.4 4.2

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Tourism            
Visitor Arrivals (excluding Malaysian arrivals by land) '000 2023 13,610.4 115.8 6,305.7 1,810.5
Hotel Occupancy Rate 3/ % 2023 80.1 4.9 75.2 18.4
Available Room Nights 4/ '000  2023 21,399.0 24.7 17,164.5 62.4

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Data under the column for '% change (y-o-y)' refer to percentage point change.
4 Refers to room-nights available for occupancy. Excludes rooms closed for renovations and staff use as declared by the hotels in the statutory forms.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
InfoComm and Media            
International Telephone Call Minutes  Million 2023 5,645.8 -29.6 8,019.4 -22.1
Total SMS Messages Million 2023 5,774.1 -6.2 6,154.3 0.9
Mobile Population Penetration Rate  % 2023 163.8 na 169.6 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Transport            
Air Cargo Handled 3/ '000 Tonnes  2023 1,740.2 -6.1 1,853.0 -4.8
Aircraft Landings   Number 2023 164,124 50.2 109,246 100.9
Sea Cargo Handled '000 Tonnes 2023 591,698.5 2.3 578,220.8 -3.6
Arrival of Vessels of Over 75 GT 4/ Number 2023 121,403 20.4 100,807 15.6
Arrival of Vessels of Over 75 GT 4/ '000 GT 2023 3,093,676 9.4 2,828,364 0.5
Container Throughput '000  TEUs  5/ 2023 39,013.0 4.6 37,289.6 -0.7

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to changi airport only.
4 Includes all sea-going vessels & regional ferries above 75 GT.
5 Refers to twenty-foot equivalent units.

Item Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Government Finance            
Cash surplus/deficit 3/ S$m May-24 9,318.9 64.6 1,031.9 -43.8
Net cash inflow from operating activities S$m May-24 6,697.6 -2.2 2,132.2 -9.8
Cash receipts from operating activities S$m May-24 16,322.6 5.8 7,029.9 18.1
Cash payments for operating activities S$m May-24 9,625.0 12.1 4,897.7 36.5
Net cash outflow from investments in nonfinancial assets S$m May-24 -2,621.3 -321.1 1,100.3 108.9
Purchases of nonfinancial assets S$m May-24 804.3 -32.2 1,215.7 85.6
Sales of nonfinancial assets S$m May-24 3,425.6 570,833.3 115.4 -10.1
Net cash inflow from financing activities 4/ S$m May-24 17,158.9 -1,845.6 -2,940.6 -122.9
Net incurrence of liabilities S$m May-24 17,375.8 -1,664.8 -2,751.3 -121.1
Domestic S$m May-24 17,375.8 -1,664.8 -2,751.3 -121.1
Foreign S$m May-24 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Net acquisition of financial assets other than cash S$m May-24 216.9 -270.3 189.3 6.8
Domestic excluding cash S$m May-24 216.9 -270.3 189.3 6.8
Foreign excluding cash S$m May-24 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
             
Item Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Government Debt            
Central Government Debt S$m 1Q 2024 1,192,804.1 10.3 1,150,259.7 6.5
External Debt 5/ S$m 1Q 2024 0.0 na 0.0 na
Domestic Debt 6/ S$m 1Q 2024 1,192,804.1 10.3 1,150,259.7 6.5
Issued for Non-Spending Purposes S$m 1Q 2024 1,181,604.0 10.0 1,139,059.7 6.2
Issued for Spending Purposes S$m 1Q 2024 11,200.0 62.3 11,200.0 62.3
Domestic Debt (Excluding Advance Deposits) S$m 1Q 2024 1,181,842.6 10.1 1,132,900.3  6.2
1 year maturity or less S$m 1Q 2024
135,931.4 21.1 134,417.0 20.9
More than 1 year maturity S$m 1Q 2024 1,045,911.2 8.8 998,483.4 4.5
             
Item Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Overall Fiscal Position 7/            
Operating Revenue 8/ S$m FY 2023 104,300.6 14.6 91,015.0 10.3
Total Expenditure S$m FY 2023 106,887.7 1.9 104,855.3 10.6
Operating Expenditure 9/ S$m FY 2023 85,363.7 1.1 84,438.0 7.5
Development Expenditure 10/ S$m FY 2023 21,524.0 5.4 20,417.4 25.6
Primary Surplus/Deficit S$m FY 2023 -2,587.1 -81.3 -13,840.3 12.4
Special Transfers 11/ S$m FY 2023 27,168.7 203.9 8,941.3 30.9
Special Transfers Excluding Top-ups to Endowment and Trust Funds  S$m FY 2023 2,848.7 5.9 2,691.3 -60.6 
Basic Surplus/Deficit 12/ S$m FY 2023 -5,435.7 -67.1 -16,531.6 -13.6
Top-ups to Endowment and Trust Funds S$m FY 2023 24,320.0 289.1 6,250.0 na
Net Investment Returns Contribution 13/ S$m FY 2023 22,915.4 2.4 22,376.4 9.9
Overall Budget Surplus/Deficit S$m FY 2023 -6,840.4 1,588.9 -405.2 -133.0
Capitalisation of Nationally Significant Infrastructure S$m FY 2023 3,494.8 58.1 2,210.3 237.9
Depreciation of Nationally Significant Infrastructure S$m FY 2023 - - - -
SINGA Interest Costs and Loan Expenses 14/ S$m FY 2023 225.6 152.4 89.4 na
Overall Fiscal Position S$m FY 2023 -3,571.2 -308.1 1,715.7 -8.7

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.  - nil or negligible
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Does not reflect the fiscal position of the current term of government, as it takes into account land sales and capital receipts (which accrue primarily to past reserves) in addition to taxes and other revenues, as well as land-related expenditure.
4 Reflects the net issuance of Government securities and Treasury Bills.
5 This refers to the portion of total external debt on the basis of the currency in which the debt is denominated.
6 There are two key categories of domestic debt instruments: (1) those issued under the Government Securities (Debt Market and Investment) Act for non-spending purposes; and (2) those issued under the Significant Infrastructure Government Loan Act for spending purposes. More information on government debt is available here.
7 Refers to the Government's financial year, which begins on 1 April of the current year and ends on 31 March of the following year. Data for FY2023 are revised estimates. Figures may not add up due to rounding.
8 Excludes the repayment of loans and advances, interest income, investment income and capital receipts.
9 Refers to expenditure on manpower, other operating expenditure (excluding expenses on investment and agency fees on land sales), operating grants and transfers.
10 Excludes loans to statutory boards, industrial and commercial enterprises and land-related expenditure.
11 Refers to discretionary transfers made by the Government and these include one-off direct transfers to businesses and households, as well as top-ups to endowment and trust funds created by the Government for specific expenditure objectives.
12 Refers to before Top-ups to Endowment and Trust Funds, Net Investment Returns Contribution, Capitalisation and Depreciation of Nationally Significant Infrastructure and SINGA Interest Costs and Loan Expenses.
13 Net Investment Returns Contribution is the sum of: (1) up to 50% of the expected long-term real return on the relevant assets specified in the Constitution; and (2) up to 50% of the net investment income on the remaining assets.
14 SINGA Interest Costs and Loan Expenses include the annual effective interest costs (which is computed based on the yield to maturity multiplied by the face value of the bond) and other ancillary loan expenses incurred in connection with the SINGA. It excludes principal repayment and transfer of loan discount to Development Fund. It is different from the Debt Servicing and Related Costs presented in the Expenditure Estimates and Annex to Expenditure Estimates for Head Y.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Finance and Insurance            
Money Supply (M1) 3/ 4/ S$m May-24 269,690.8 5.1 271,434.4 7.6
Money Supply (M2) 3/ 4/ S$m May-24 797,803.6 2.0 799,706.1 3.1
Singapore Overnight Rate Average % p.a Jun-24 3.43
-0.57
3.52
-0.20
3-month S$ SIBOR % p.a Jun-24 4.05 -0.04 4.05 -0.04
12-week MAS Bill Rate % p.a Jun-24 3.90
-0.21
3.86 -0.23
5-year Govt Bond Interest Rate % p.a Jun-24 3.19
0.07
3.34
0.45
Exchange Rate S$ per US$ (as at end-month) S$ per US$ Jun-24 1.3585 0.2 1.3507 -0.2
Official Foreign Reserves at end of year S$m 2023 463,044.3 19.3 388,256.1 -31.1
Exchange Rate S$ per US$ (as at end of period) S$ per US$ 2023 1.3186 -1.9 1.3446 -0.5
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Commercial Banks





Local 5/ 6/ Number 2023 6 na 4 na
Foreign 5/ Number 2023 126 na 127 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Data have been revised from Jul 2021 following changes to the MAS Notice 610.
4 Data prior to Jul 2021 on a comparable basis with the Jul 2021 data are not available.
5 At end of period.
6 All local banks are full banks.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Balance of Payments            
Balance of Payments S$m 1Q 2024 27,287.6 na 13,193.4 na
Current Account Balance S$m 1Q 2024 37,193.2 na 34,411.4 na

Exports of Goods and Services

S$m 1Q 2024 299,688.6 5.4 305,754.7 -0.1

Imports of Goods and Services

S$m 1Q 2024 241,726.7 5.1 239,089.3 -2.4

Primary Income Balance

S$m 1Q 2024 -17,113.7 na -30,668.0 na

Secondary Income Balance

S$m 1Q 2024 -3,655.0 na -1,586.0 na
Capital and Financial Account Balance 3/ S$m 1Q 2024 8,104.7 na 19,902.6 na
Reserve Assets S$m 1Q 2024 27,287.6 na 13,193.4 na
Official Foreign Reserves US$m Jun-24 371,675.3 12.2 370,541.8 13.8

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Decrease in assets and liabilities, and net inflows in net balances, are indicated by a minus [-] sign).

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Direct Investment Abroad            
Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad S$m 2022 1,395,352.8 5.5 1,322,527.8 11.2

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Foreign Direct Investment            
Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore S$m 2022 2,618,994.2 5.0 2,493,576.0 16.0

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Investment Commitments            
Investment Commitments in Manufacturing & Services (Fixed Assets Investments) S$m 2023 12,659.6 na 22,489.8 na
Foreign Investments S$m 2023 11,382.6 na 20,515.3 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Trade in Services            
Singapore's Total Trade in Services S$b 2023 837.3 -3.8 870.7 22.4
Singapore's Export of Services S$b 2023 440.5 -5.1 464.0 22.2
Singapore's Import of Services S$b
2023 396.8 -2.4 406.7 22.5

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Legend Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Corporate Sector            
Total Assets S$b 2022 12,675.3 2.9 12,316.7 12.4
Total Equity S$b 2022 5,061.3 3.3 4,899.3 14.2

Data are preliminary when first released.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y) 2/
Population and Population Structure
(Mid-Year Estimates)
           
Total Population 3/ '000 2023 5,917.6 5.0 5,637.0 3.4
Singapore Residents 3/ '000 2023 4,149.3 1.9 4,073.2 2.2
Singapore Citizens '000 2023 3,610.7 1.6 3,553.7 1.6
Singapore Permanent Residents '000 2023 538.6 3.7 519.5 6.3
Population Density Per Sq Km 2023 8,058 na 7,688 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y) 2/
Age Structure 4/            
Below 20 years '000 2023 791.3 0.3 788.6 0.8
20-64 Years '000 2023 2,640.1 1.3 2,606.5 1.6
65 years & Over '000 2023 717.8 5.9 678.1 6.1
Median Age 4/ Years
2023 42.4 na 42.1 na
Old Age Support Ratio 4/ Number of Residents Aged 20-64
per Resident Aged 65 Years & Over
2023 3.7 na 3.8 na
Sex Ratio 4/  Males per 1,000 Females 2023 950 na 955 na

na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Total population comprises Singapore residents and non-residents. The resident population comprises Singapore citizens and permanent residents
4 Refers to the resident population.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Environment            
Land Area 
(As At June)
Sq Km 2024 735.6 0.2 734.4 0.2
Land Area 
(As At December)
Sq Km 2023 735.2 0.1 734.3 0.2

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Birth and Fertility            
Total Live-Births Number 2023 33,541 -5.8 35,605 -7.9
Resident Live-Births Number 2023 30,518 -5.5 32,290 -5.5
Resident Crude Birth Rate Per 1,000
Residents
2023 7.4 na 7.9 na
Resident Total Fertility Rate Per Female 2023 0.97 na 1.04 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Death and Life Expectancy            
Total Deaths Number 2023 26,888 - 26,891 10.7
Resident Deaths Number 2023 25,567 -0.1 25,586 10.0
Crude Death Rate 3/

Per 1,000
Residents

2023 6.2 na 6.3 na
Age-Standardised Death Rate 3/ 4/

Per 1,000
Residents

2023 5.6 na 5.9 na
Infant Mortality Rate 3/

Per 1,000
Live-births

2023 2.2  na 1.8 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Life Expectancy at Birth 3/ 5/ Years 2023 83.0 na 83.0 na
Males Years 2023 80.7 na 80.7 na
Females Years 2023 85.2 na 85.2 na
Life Expectancy at Age 65 3/ 5/ Years 2023 20.7 na 20.7 na
Males Years 2023 19.0 na 19.0 na
Females Years 2023 22.2  na 22.3 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to the resident population (i.e. Singapore citizens and permanent residents).
4 The Singapore resident population as at June 2020 is used as the standard population which is chosen to fix the age structure to eliminate its effect on mortality trends.
5 Life expectancy for 2020-2023 have been affected by higher mortality rates, particularly those observed in 2021 and 2022, arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. As these higher mortality rates are assumed to apply throughout a lifetime, life expectancy data for 2020 to 2023 may not accurately represent the number of years individuals can expect to live, if mortality rates return to pre-pandemic levels.

 

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Marital Status, Marriages and Divorces            
 Marital Status (among residents aged 15 years over)            

 Single

% 2023 29.7  na 28.6 na

 Married

 % 2023 61.2  na 61.8 na

 Widowed

 % 2023 4.7  na 4.9 na

 Divorced/Separated

 % 2023 4.3  na 4.7 na
 Number of Marriages Number 2023 28,310 -3.7 29,389 3.7
 Number of Divorces & Annulments Number 2023 7,118 0.2 7,107 -9.9
General Marriage Rate 3/





Males Per 1,000 Unmarried Resident
Males Aged 15-49 Years
2023 44.3 na 47.0 na
Females Per 1,000 Unmarried Resident
Females Aged 15-49 Years
2023 43.1 na 45.5 na
General Divorce Rate 3/            
Males Per 1,000 Married Resident
Males Aged 20 Years & Over
2023 6.0 na 6.2  na
Females Per 1,000 Married Resident
Females Aged 20 Years & Over
2023 5.5 na 5.9  na

na not available or not applicable
1. Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2. Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3. Refers to the resident population.

Item Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Education, Language Spoken and Literacy 3/            

% with Post-Secondary Qualifications (among residents aged 25 years & over) 4/

% 2023 63.1 na 63.1 na
Males % 2023 66.3 na 66.4 na
Females % 2023 60.3 na 60.1 na
Item Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/

Mean Years of Schooling (among residents aged 25 years & over) 4/

Years
2023  11.7  na 11.7  na
Males Years
2023  12.0  na 12.1  na
Females Years
2023  11.4  na 11.3  na
Annual Output - University Graduates 5/ Number  2022 20,807 5.3 19,761 -0.3
Annual Output - Polytechnic Graduates 6/ Number
2022 23,577 -7.3 25,433 2.5

na not available or not applicable
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to the resident population.
4 Refers to residents who were not attending educational institutions as full-time students and include those who were upgrading their qualifications through part-time courses.
5 Refers to graduates from university first degree courses from National University of Singapore (NUS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore Management University (SMU), Singapore Institute of Technology (SIT) and Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD).
6 Refers to graduates from polytechnic diploma courses from Singapore Polytechnic, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Temasek Polytechnic, Nanyang Polytechnic, Republic Polytechnic, and National Institute of Early Childhood Development.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y?o?Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y?o?Y)  2/
Health            
Doctors Per 10,000 Population 2023 28 na 28 na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Public Safety            
Physical Crime Rate
Per 100,000 Population 2023 337 -5.9 358 na
Scams & Cybercrimes Rate Per 100,000 Population 2023 851
42.5 597
na

Data are preliminary when first released.
na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.

Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Households            
Number of Resident Households3/ '000 2023 1,425.1 1.8 1,399.6 0.6
Average Household Size of Resident Households 4/ Persons 2023 3.11 na 3.09 na
Proportion of Owner-Occupied Resident Households 5/ % 2023 89.7 na 89.3 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Resident Households by Type of Dwelling





Total 6/ % 2023 100.0 na 100.0 na
Total HDB Dwellings % 2023 77.8 na 77.9 na
HDB 1- & 2-Room Flats 7/ % 2023 7.0 na 6.7 na
HDB 3-Room Flats % 2023 17.0 na 17.2 na
HDB 4-Room Flats % 2023 31.3 na 31.4 na
HDB 5-Room & Executive Flats % 2023 22.4 na 22.6 na
Condominiums & Other Apartments % 2023 17.2 na 17.0 na
Landed Properties % 2023 4.8 na 4.9 na

na not available or not applicable.
1 Refers to % change in latest period over the same period in the previous year.
2 Refers to % change in the previous period over the same period in the previous year.
3 Refers to households where the household reference person is a Singapore citizen or permanent resident.
4 Household size refers to the total number of members in the household, including domestic workers.
5 Refers to the proportion of households where the household reference person and/or any other member(s) in the household owns the dwelling unit.
6 'Total' includes other types of dwelling not shown, e.g. non-HDB shophouses etc.
7 Includes HDB studio apartments.