Equity capital covers all components of shareholders' funds (proportionate to the percentage of shares held), including equity, contributed surplus, reinvested earnings, revaluations, as well as any reserve accounts. The amount of equity capital is compiled based on market value.
Foreign Direct Equity Investment (FDEI)
Refers to equity capital in enterprises attributable to direct investors residing in another economy. For branches of non-resident banks, their net fixed assets are used as a proxy of equity capital. For branches of other non-resident entities, the net amount owed by branches to their non-resident head office is used.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
Refers to cross-border investment where a direct investor, residing in one economy, owns 10 per cent or more of the ordinary shares or voting power in an enterprise residing in another economy. The components of FDI comprise equity investment (i.e. share capital and reserves) attributable to the direct investor and net inter-company lending between the Singapore enterprise and its related entities overseas. Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore refers to an investment where a direct investor, residing in another economy, owns 10 per cent or more of the ordinary shares or voting power in an enterprise in Singapore. Singapore’s Direct Investment Abroad (DIA) refers to an investment where a direct investor in Singapore owns 10 per cent or more of the ordinary shares or voting power in an overseas enterprise.
Investment projects in terms of fixed assets which companies commit to invest in Singapore. Projects are only recorded as commitments if the company has made a firm undertaking to implement the project.
Net Inter-Company Lending
Refers to the net inter-company debt, in the form of loans and debt securities, between the enterprise in Singapore and its related entities overseas.
Refers to the amount contributed by shareholders through the issue of ordinary or preference shares.