No Poverty Zero Hunger Good Health and Well-Being Quality Education Gender Equality Clean Water and Sanitation Affordable and Clean Energy Decent Work and Economic Growth Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
Reduced Inequalities Sustainable Cities and Communities Responsible Consumption and Production Climate Action Life Below Water Life on Land Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions Partnerships for the Goals SDG

left Life on Land Goal 15 right
  • Target 15.3 | End Desertification and Restore Degraded Land
  • Target 15.5 | Protect Biodiversity and Natural Habitats

Targets and Indicators with Data Availability

Note: The data may be updated periodically as more information become available.

15.1

Conserve and Restore Terrestrial and Freshwater Ecosystems

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements.

Indicator 15.1.1 | Forest area as a proportion of total land area

15.2

End Deforestation and Restore Degraded Forests

By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally.

Indicator 15.2.1 | Progress towards sustainable forest management

Not applicable as Singapore does not have a forestry sector.

15.4

Ensure Conservation of Mountain Ecosystems

By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development.

Indicator 15.4.1 | Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity

Not applicable as Singapore does not have mountains.

Indicator 15.4.2 | Mountain Green Cover Index

Not applicable as Singapore does not have mountains.

15.6

Promote Access to Genetic Resources and Fair Sharing of the Benefits

Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed.

Indicator 15.6.1 | Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits

Singapore has an administrative Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) framework available online here.

15.7

Eliminate Poaching and Trafficking of Protected Species

Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products.

Indicator 15.7.1 | Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked

15.7.1

Data refer to the number of illegal wildlife trade cases trafficked into Singapore or through Singapore over the total number of CITES permits issued for import or export of wildlife (including live animals/plants and products that contain their parts and derivatives).

Download Data and Metadata excel(22 KB)

15.8

Prevent Invasive Alien Species on Land and in Water Ecosystems

By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species.

Indicator 15.8.1 | Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species

Singapore has relevant legislation for management of invasive alien species, and the resourcing comes under operational budgets.

15.B

Integrate Ecosystem and Biodiversity in Governmental Planning

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts.

Indicator 15.9.1 | (a) Number of countries that established national targets in accordance with or similar to Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 in their National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans (NBSAP) and the progress reported towards these targets; (b) Integration of biodiversity into national accounting and reporting systems, defined as implementation of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting

(a) Singapore has developed national targets that directly address Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 in the NBSAP.

15.A

Increase Financial Resources to Conserve and Sustainably Use Ecosystems and Biodiversity

Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems.

Indicator 15.A.1 | (a) Official development assistance on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity; and (b) revenue generated and finance mobilized from biodiversity-relevant economic instruments

Not applicable. Singapore is a developing country and does not provide official development assistance; and Singapore does not generate revenue and mobilise finance from biodiversity-relevant economic instruments.

ASEAN Priority SDG Indicator
15.B

Finance and Incentivise Sustainable Forest Management

Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation.

Indicator 15.B.1 | (a) Official development assistance on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity; and (b) revenue generated and finance mobilized from biodiversity-relevant economic instruments

Not applicable. Singapore is a developing country and does not provide official development assistance; and Singapore does not generate revenue and mobilise finance from biodiversity-relevant economic instruments.

15.B

Combat Global Poaching and Trafficking

Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities.

Indicator 15.C.1 | Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked

15.7.1

Data refer to the number of illegal wildlife trade cases trafficked into Singapore or through Singapore over the total number of CITES permits issued for import or export of wildlife (including live animals/plants and products that contain their parts and derivatives).

Download Data and Metadata excel(22 KB)