No Poverty Zero Hunger Good Health and Well-Being Quality Education Gender Equality Clean Water and Sanitation Affordable and Clean Energy Decent Work and Economic Growth Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
Reduced Inequalities Sustainable Cities and Communities Responsible Consumption and Production Climate Action Life Below Water Life on Land Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions Partnerships for the Goals SDG

left Life on Land Goal 15 right
  • Target 15.7 | Eliminate poaching and trafficking of protected species
  • Target 15.8 | Prevent Invasive Alien Species on Land and in Water Ecosystems
  • Target 15.3 | End Desertification and Restore Degraded Land
  • Target 15.9 | Integrate Ecosystem and Biodiversity in Governmental Planning
  • Target 15.A | Increase Financial Resources to Conserve and Sustainably Use Ecosystems and Biodiversity
  • Target 15.5 | Protect Biodiversity and Natural Habitats
  • Target 15.B | Finance and Incentivise Sustainable Forest Management
  • Target 15.C | Combat Global Poaching and Trafficking

Targets and Indicators with Data Availability


Conserve and Restore Terrestrial and Freshwater Ecosystems

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements.

Indicator 15.1.1 | Forest area as a proportion of total land area


End Deforestation and Restore Degraded Forests

By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally.

Indicator 15.2.1 | Progress towards sustainable forest management

Not applicable as Singapore does not have a forestry sector.


Ensure Conservation of Mountain Ecosystems

By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development.

Indicator 15.4.1 | Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity

Not applicable as Singapore does not have mountains.

Indicator 15.4.2 | Mountain Green Cover Index

Not applicable as Singapore does not have mountains.


Promote Access to Genetic Resources and Fair Sharing of the Benefits

Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed.

Indicator 15.6.1 | Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits

Singapore has an administrative Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) framework available online here.