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Building construction refers to the erection of new buildings and additions or alterations to existing buildings, but excludes the erection of temporary structures, illegal building works or minor works which do not require planning approval.

Data on new buildings given planning and building plan approvals, notices of commencement and Temporary Occupation Permits (TOPs)/ Certificates of Statutory Completion (CSC) are compiled from the administrative records of the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) and the Building and Construction Authority (BCA).

For statistics on residential properties, landed properties refer to detached houses, semi-detached houses, terrace houses and non-landed properties refer to apartments and condominium housing.

Statistics on contracts awarded and progress payments certified are collected through surveys conducted by BCA.

Public Housing

The Housing and Development Board (HDB) was established on 1 February 1960 as the public housing authority of Singapore.

Between 1989 and 2019, HDB sold 244 land parcels (308 hectares) for private residential development and 47 land parcels (55 hectares) for commercial development. A total of 77 Executive Condominium sites (148 hectares) were sold during this period.

Residential Dwellings

The Singapore Standard Classification of Type of Dwelling defines a dwelling as a building or part of a building used or intended to be used by one or more persons as living quarters. Each dwelling type has separate entrance(s) with direct access to a public road or pathway. A dwelling may be a residential building by itself or a unit in a residential building, or part of a non-residential building such as a shop or factory with space used as living quarters.

Data

Please click on the topic to view the available data tables.

Building and Construction

Title : Contracts Awarded And Progress Payments Certified By Sector And Development Type, Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Contracts Awarded - Total Public & Private Sector * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

35,803.6
38,757.1
27,034
26,403.8
24,798.5
30,535.2
33,523.8
21,044.8

Building Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

28,862.7
28,854.4
21,560.2
17,429.5
15,452.6
21,071.5
24,507.2
15,550.6

Residential * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

15,963.2
11,290.5
7,770.1
6,479
6,249.9
9,019.2
8,570.2
5,438.8

Commercial * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

3,727.5
3,822.8
2,183.5
2,961.9
1,859.2
1,457.6
1,844.9
1,623.8

Industrial * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

5,490.3
6,627.8
5,778.5
3,676.2
4,177.2
4,807.8
7,505.9
4,704.5

Institutional & Others * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

3,681.7
7,113.4
5,828.1
4,312.4
3,166.2
5,786.9
6,586.3
3,783.5

Civil Engineering Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

6,940.9
9,902.7
5,473.8
8,974.3
9,345.9
9,463.7
9,016.7
5,494.2

Contracts Awarded - Public Sector * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

14,888.4
19,219.8
13,252.9
15,393.3
15,835
18,296.2
19,026.4
12,171.6

Building Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

9,374.4
10,753.4
9,441.1
7,888.8
7,546.7
9,074
11,278.2
7,488.2

Residential * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

6,378.2
4,819.4
3,811.1
3,255.7
3,242.5
3,842.2
3,593.4
2,625.8

Commercial * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

64.4
119.6
297.7
99.2
126.1
93.3
57.1
365.1

Industrial * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

312.2
590.9
1,244.7
838.9
1,672.9
779.3
2,668.5
2,016.7

Institutional & Others * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

2,619.6
5,223.5
4,087.6
3,695
2,505.1
4,359.1
4,959.1
2,480.7

Civil Engineering Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

5,514
8,466.4
3,811.7
7,504.5
8,288.3
9,222.2
7,748.2
4,683.4

Contracts Awarded - Private Sector * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

20,915.2
19,537.4
13,781.2
11,010.5
8,963.5
12,239
14,497.5
8,873.2

Building Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

19,488.3
18,101.1
12,119.1
9,540.8
7,905.9
11,997.5
13,229
8,062.4

Residential * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

9,585
6,471.1
3,959.1
3,223.4
3,007.4
5,177
4,976.7
2,813

Commercial * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

3,663.1
3,703.2
1,885.8
2,862.7
1,733.1
1,364.2
1,787.7
1,258.7

Industrial * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

5,178.1
6,036.9
4,533.7
2,837.3
2,504.3
4,028.5
4,837.4
2,687.8

Institutional & Others * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

1,062.1
1,890
1,740.5
617.4
661.1
1,427.8
1,627.2
1,302.8

Civil Engineering Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

1,426.9
1,436.3
1,662.1
1,469.7
1,057.6
241.5
1,268.5
810.8

Progress Payments Certified - Total Public & Private Sector

33,681.8
35,891.7
36,402.2
35,177.8
27,911.2
26,599.3
28,299.8
19,740

Building Work

27,798.6
28,812.1
28,381.3
26,512.7
20,219
18,886.1
20,200.6
14,394.6

Residential

12,791.3
13,811.1
13,607.5
10,890.2
7,584.2
6,617.8
6,576.1
4,621.8

Commercial

3,220.6
3,047.1
3,278.3
3,372.5
2,878.7
2,903.2
2,239.5
1,229.1

Industrial

7,806.5
7,060.2
6,783.5
6,637.4
4,742.5
5,353.7
7,019.5
5,396.9

Institutional & Others

3,980.2
4,893.7
4,712
5,612.6
5,013.6
4,011.4
4,365.5
3,146.9

Civil Engineering Work

5,883.2
7,079.6
8,020.9
8,665.1
7,692.2
7,713.2
8,099.2
5,345.4

Progress Payments Certified - Public Sector

12,554.8
14,731.7
15,614.6
16,473.6
14,795.5
13,648
14,505.4
10,113.4

Building Work

7,701.2
9,123.1
9,298.2
9,350.3
8,354.7
7,249.7
7,549.8
5,455.2

Residential

4,481.9
5,139.7
5,322.9
4,312.5
3,082.9
3,010.9
2,752.5
1,940.6

Commercial

75.6
83.6
118.7
184.1
187.7
125.2
125.5
53.2

Industrial

513.5
448.7
567.1
938.8
1,049.5
1,045.2
1,433.7
1,142.7

Institutional & Others

2,630.2
3,451.2
3,289.5
3,915
4,034.6
3,068.4
3,238.1
2,318.7

Civil Engineering Work

4,853.5
5,608.6
6,316.4
7,123.3
6,440.8
6,398.3
6,955.6
4,658.2

Progress Payments Certified - Private Sector

21,127
21,160.1
20,787.6
18,704.1
13,115.6
12,951.3
13,794.3
9,626.7

Building Work

20,097.3
19,689
19,083.1
17,162.4
11,864.3
11,636.4
12,650.7
8,939.4

Residential

8,309.4
8,671.4
8,284.6
6,577.7
4,501.3
3,606.9
3,823.6
2,681.1

Commercial

3,145
2,963.6
3,159.6
3,188.4
2,691
2,778
2,114.1
1,176

Industrial

7,293.1
6,611.5
6,216.4
5,698.6
3,693
4,308.5
5,585.8
4,254.2

Institutional & Others

1,349.9
1,442.5
1,422.5
1,697.6
979
943
1,127.3
828.1

Civil Engineering Work

1,029.7
1,471.1
1,704.5
1,541.8
1,251.3
1,315
1,143.6
687.2
SOURCE : BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION AUTHORITY

Real Estate

Title : Available And Vacant Private Residential Properties (End Of Period), Quarterly

Number Of Units

Data Items

2019 3Q
2019 4Q
2020 1Q
2020 2Q
2020 3Q
2020 4Q
2021 1Q
2021 2Q

All Types Private Residential Properties Available

372,085
373,561
374,925
374,752
375,156
376,040
377,817
379,462

Available Landed Properties

73,346
73,402
73,461
73,456
73,459
73,273
73,255
73,263

Available Non-landed Properties

298,739
300,159
301,464
301,296
301,697
302,767
304,562
306,199

All Types Private Residential Properties Vacant

22,819
20,479
20,322
20,162
23,171
26,394
24,229
23,854

Vacant Landed Properties

3,746
3,495
3,338
3,342
3,612
3,711
3,501
3,487

Vacant Non-landed Properties

19,073
16,984
16,984
16,820
19,559
22,683
20,728
20,367
SOURCE : URBAN REDEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

HDB Statistics

Title : Properties Under The Management Of Housing And Development Board (End Of Period), Annual

Number

Data Items

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Total Residential Properties

933,278
959,960
984,908
1,010,613
1,043,968
1,061,236
1,071,126
1,079,630

1-room Residential Properties

25,384
25,450
26,247
27,817
30,098
30,699
30,779
30,918

2-room Residential Properties * The Studio Apartment Scheme and 2-room Flat Scheme were merged and replaced with the 2-room Flexi Scheme from November 2015. From November 2015, Studio Apartments are sold under the 2-Room Flexi Scheme.

35,562
37,105
38,882
41,594
48,261
53,257
56,430
59,157

3-room Residential Properties

223,461
227,527
231,212
235,217
239,674
242,456
243,299
244,549

4-room Residential Properties

363,043
375,533
387,642
398,927
412,394
419,203
423,280
426,401

5-room Residential Properties * Includes 3Generation flats with effect from November 2016.

216,209
222,345
227,774
233,608
239,460
241,572
243,180
244,595

Executive Properties * From 1987, data include Multi-generation flats.

65,074
65,079
65,082
65,086
65,090
65,100
65,106
65,108

HUDC Properties * From 1989 - 1998, data include other residential properties. From 1999, data exclude other residential properties. With effect from 2014, there are no HUDC flats under HDB's management.

1,177
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Studio Apartment

3,368
6,921
8,069
8,364
8,991
8,949
9,052
8,902

Commercial/Industrial Units * With effect from 2018, there are no industrial units under HDB's management.

28,413
28,477
28,630
30,042
29,813
18,021
18,011
18,099
SOURCE : HOUSING AND DEVELOPMENT BOARD

Industrial Property

Title : JTC Ready-Built Facilities, Annual

Data Items

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Gross Allocation

(Thousand Square Metres)

58.7
41.6
126.2
79.6
124.6
217.2
192.9
276.9

Returns

(Thousand Square Metres)

76.6
62.8
86.6
81.8
104.7
191.3
191.5
174.9

Total Allocated

(Thousand Square Metres)

3,046.2
3,030.8
3,059.8
3,057
3,087.3
5,101.7
5,113.8
5,209.5

Supply

(Thousand Square Metres)

3,207
3,313.5
3,362.5
3,416.3
3,643.9
6,134.1
6,302.1
6,501.9

Occupancy Rate

(Per Cent)

95
91.5
91
89.5
84.7
83.2
81.1
80.1
SOURCE : JTC CORPORATION

Residential Dwellings

Title : Residential Dwellings, Annual

Number

Data Items

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Residential Dwelling Units * Data are based on the Singapore Standard Classification of Type of Dwelling. Excludes collective dwellings such as skilled nursing facilities, serviced apartments, school hostels and workers' dormitories etc.

1,231,914
1,271,109
1,322,898
1,370,319
1,421,302
1,460,968
1,477,627
1,490,946

Total HDB Flats * Includes non-privatised Housing and Urban Development Corporation flats.

933,389
953,975
980,613
1,004,623
1,032,461
1,056,716
1,066,196
1,076,879

HDB 1-2 Room Flats * Includes HDB studio apartments.

63,622
68,332
71,937
75,175
82,791
91,364
94,610
98,103

HDB 3- Room Flats

226,199
228,329
232,089
236,065
240,466
243,165
243,959
245,007

HDB 4- Room Flats

361,212
371,573
384,507
395,568
407,434
416,726
420,832
424,952

HDB 5- Room And Executive Flats

280,350
284,601
291,149
296,884
301,770
305,461
306,795
308,817

Condominiums And Other Apartments

214,148
232,296
256,971
279,745
302,610
317,730
324,658
327,144

Landed Properties

72,396
73,024
73,445
74,108
74,500
74,914
75,011
75,185

Others * Includes other housing units such as shophouses and attap/zinc-roofed houses etc.

11,981
11,814
11,869
11,843
11,731
11,608
11,762
11,738
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Definitions

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Other References

Residential Dwellings
Singapore Standard Classification of Type of Dwelling View

External Sources

Building, Real Estate and Construction
Building and Construction Authority View
JTC Corporation View
Urban Redevelopment Authority View
Public Housing
Housing and Development Board View