Explore Themes

Building construction refers to the erection of new buildings and additions or alterations to existing buildings, but excludes the erection of temporary structures, illegal building works or minor works which do not require planning approval.

Data on new buildings given planning and building plan approvals, notices of commencement and Temporary Occupation Permits (TOPs)/ Certificates of Statutory Completion (CSC) are compiled from the administrative records of the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) and the Building and Construction Authority (BCA).

For statistics on residential properties, landed properties refer to detached houses, semi-detached houses, terrace houses and non-landed properties refer to apartments and condominium housing.

Statistics on contracts awarded and progress payments certified are collected through surveys conducted by BCA.

Public Housing

The Housing and Development Board (HDB) was established on 1 February 1960 as the public housing authority of Singapore.

Between 1989 and 2023, HDB sold 244 land parcels (308 hectares) for private residential development and 48 land parcels (60 hectares) for commercial development. A total of 80 Executive Condominium sites (162 hectares) were sold during this period.

Residential Dwellings

The Singapore Standard Classification of Type of Dwelling defines a dwelling as a building or part of a building used or intended to be used by one or more persons as living quarters. Each dwelling type has separate entrance(s) with direct access to a public road or pathway. A dwelling may be a residential building by itself or a unit in a residential building, or part of a non-residential building such as a shop or factory with space used as living quarters.

Data

Please click on the topic to view the available data tables.

Building and Construction

Title : Contracts Awarded And Progress Payments Certified By Sector And Development Type, Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023

Contracts Awarded - Total Public & Private Sector * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

26,403.8
24,798.5
30,535.2
33,523.8
21,044.8
29,934.4
29,786.4
33,796.9

Building Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

17,429.5
15,452.6
21,071.5
24,507.2
15,550.6
20,324.3
19,566.8
26,511.5

Civil Engineering Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

8,974.3
9,345.9
9,463.7
9,016.7
5,494.2
9,610.2
10,219.6
7,285.5

Contracts Awarded - Public Sector * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

15,393.3
15,835
18,296.2
19,026.4
12,171.6
17,841.4
17,303.8
19,511

Building Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

7,888.8
7,546.7
9,074
11,278.2
7,488.2
8,684
8,715.6
13,021

Civil Engineering Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

7,504.5
8,288.3
9,222.2
7,748.2
4,683.4
9,157.4
8,588.3
6,490

Contracts Awarded - Private Sector * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

11,010.5
8,963.5
12,239
14,497.5
8,873.2
12,093.1
12,482.5
14,285.9

Building Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

9,540.8
7,905.9
11,997.5
13,229
8,062.4
11,640.3
10,851.2
13,490.4

Civil Engineering Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

1,469.7
1,057.6
241.5
1,268.5
810.8
452.8
1,631.3
795.5

Progress Payments Certified - Total Public & Private Sector

35,177.8
27,911.2
26,599.3
28,299.8
19,740
26,155.4
30,286.3
34,939.8

Building Work

26,512.7
20,219
18,886.1
20,161.4
14,394.6
18,735.7
22,443.4
26,683.5

Civil Engineering Work

8,665.1
7,692.2
7,713.2
8,138.4
5,345.4
7,419.7
7,842.9
8,256.3

Progress Payments Certified - Public Sector

16,473.6
14,795.5
13,648
14,526.3
10,113.4
13,078.3
15,149.1
17,260

Building Work

9,350.3
8,354.7
7,249.7
7,626.3
5,455.2
6,767.3
8,286.8
10,013.9

Civil Engineering Work

7,123.3
6,440.8
6,398.3
6,900
4,658.2
6,311
6,862.3
7,246.1

Progress Payments Certified - Private Sector

18,704.1
13,115.6
12,951.3
13,773.5
9,626.7
13,077.1
15,137.1
17,679.9

Building Work

17,162.4
11,864.3
11,636.4
12,535.1
8,939.4
11,968.5
14,156.6
16,669.7

Civil Engineering Work

1,541.8
1,251.3
1,315
1,238.4
687.2
1,108.7
980.6
1,010.2
SOURCE : BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION AUTHORITY

Real Estate

Title : Available And Vacant Private Residential Properties (End Of Period), Quarterly

Number Of Units

Data Items

2022 2Q
2022 3Q
2022 4Q
2023 1Q
2023 2Q
2023 3Q
2023 4Q
2024 1Q

All Types Private Residential Properties Available

385,529
386,953
391,198
394,062
398,289
406,663
410,588
410,400

Available Landed Properties

73,216
73,184
73,295
73,356
73,453
73,463
73,498
73,517

Available Non-Landed Properties

312,313
313,769
317,903
320,706
324,836
333,200
337,090
336,883

All Types Private Residential Properties Vacant

20,765
21,898
21,647
23,624
25,052
34,341
33,340
27,729

Vacant Landed Properties

3,410
3,838
3,869
3,996
3,982
4,427
4,461
4,497

Vacant Non-Landed Properties

17,355
18,060
17,778
19,628
21,070
29,914
28,879
23,232
SOURCE : URBAN REDEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

HDB Residential Units and Properties

Title : Properties Under The Management Of Housing And Development Board (End Of Period), Annual

Number

Data Items

2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023

Total Residential Properties

1,010,613
1,043,968
1,061,236
1,071,126
1,079,630
1,092,898
1,110,294
1,130,144

1-Room Residential Properties

27,817
30,098
30,699
30,779
30,918
30,944
31,318
31,140

2-Room Residential Properties * The Studio Apartment Scheme and 2-room Flat Scheme were merged and replaced with the 2-room Flexi Scheme from November 2015. From November 2015, Studio Apartments are sold under the 2-Room Flexi Scheme.

41,594
48,261
53,257
56,430
59,157
61,692
67,104
72,602

3-Room Residential Properties

235,217
239,674
242,456
243,299
244,549
247,053
247,819
249,320

4-Room Residential Properties

398,927
412,394
419,203
423,280
426,401
432,107
439,934
448,706

5-Room Residential Properties * Includes 3Generation flats with effect from November 2016.

233,608
239,460
241,572
243,180
244,595
247,241
250,421
254,854

Executive Properties * From 1987, data include Multi-generation flats and executive flats. Excludes executive condominiums.

65,086
65,090
65,100
65,106
65,108
65,115
65,116
65,117

HUDC Properties * From 1989 - 1998, data include other residential properties. From 1999, data exclude other residential properties. With effect from 2014, there are no HUDC flats under HDB's management.

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Studio Apartment

8,364
8,991
8,949
9,052
8,902
8,746
8,582
8,405

Commercial/Industrial Units * With effect from 2018, there are no industrial units under HDB's management.

30,042
29,813
18,021
18,011
18,099
18,199
18,197
18,227
SOURCE : HOUSING AND DEVELOPMENT BOARD

Residential Dwellings

Title : Residential Dwellings, Annual

Number

Data Items

2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023

Residential Dwelling Units * Data are based on the Singapore Standard Classification of Type of Dwelling. Excludes collective dwellings such as skilled nursing facilities, serviced apartments, school hostels and workers' dormitories etc.

1,370,319
1,421,302
1,460,968
1,477,627
1,490,946
1,507,505
1,526,540
1,563,641

Total HDB Flats * Includes non-privatised Housing and Urban Development Corporation flats.

1,004,623
1,032,461
1,056,716
1,066,196
1,076,879
1,087,800
1,102,012
1,125,605

HDB 1-2 Room Flats * Includes HDB studio apartments.

75,175
82,791
91,364
94,610
98,103
100,812
104,350
110,658

HDB 3- Room Flats

236,065
240,466
243,165
243,959
245,007
246,746
248,707
251,017

HDB 4- Room Flats

395,568
407,434
416,726
420,832
424,952
429,249
435,278
445,954

HDB 5- Room And Executive Flats

296,884
301,770
305,461
306,795
308,817
310,993
313,677
317,976

Condominiums And Other Apartments

279,745
302,610
317,730
324,658
327,144
332,980
337,890
351,179

Landed Properties

74,108
74,500
74,914
75,011
75,185
74,984
74,951
75,222

Others * Includes other housing units such as shophouses and attap/zinc-roofed houses etc.

11,843
11,731
11,608
11,762
11,738
11,741
11,687
11,635
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Definitions

Visit Glossary Page

Other References

Residential Dwellings
Singapore Standard Classification of Type of Dwelling View

External Sources

Building, Real Estate and Construction
Building and Construction Authority View
JTC Corporation View
Urban Redevelopment Authority View
Public Housing
Housing and Development Board View