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Building construction refers to the erection of new buildings and additions or alterations to existing buildings, but excludes the erection of temporary structures, illegal building works or minor works which do not require planning approval.

Data on new buildings given planning and building plan approvals, notices of commencement and Temporary Occupation Permits (TOPs)/ Certificates of Statutory Completion (CSC) are compiled from the administrative records of the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) and the Building and Construction Authority (BCA).

For statistics on residential properties, landed properties refer to detached houses, semi-detached houses, terrace houses and non-landed properties refer to apartments and condominium housing.

Statistics on contracts awarded and progress payments certified are collected through surveys conducted by BCA.

Public Housing

The Housing and Development Board (HDB) was established on 1 February 1960 as the public housing authority of Singapore.

Between 1989 and 2021, HDB sold 244 land parcels (308 hectares) for private residential development and 47 land parcels (55 hectares) for commercial development. A total of 76 Executive Condominium sites (155 hectares) were sold during this period.

Residential Dwellings

The Singapore Standard Classification of Type of Dwelling defines a dwelling as a building or part of a building used or intended to be used by one or more persons as living quarters. Each dwelling type has separate entrance(s) with direct access to a public road or pathway. A dwelling may be a residential building by itself or a unit in a residential building, or part of a non-residential building such as a shop or factory with space used as living quarters.

Data

Please click on the topic to view the available data tables.

Building and Construction

Title : Contracts Awarded And Progress Payments Certified By Sector And Development Type, Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Contracts Awarded - Total Public & Private Sector * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

38,757.1
27,034
26,403.8
24,798.5
30,535.2
33,523.8
21,044.8
29,934.4

Building Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

28,854.4
21,560.2
17,429.5
15,452.6
21,071.5
24,507.2
15,550.6
20,324.3

Residential * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

11,290.5
7,770.1
6,479
6,249.9
9,019.2
8,570.2
5,438.8
9,225.5

Commercial * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

3,822.8
2,183.5
2,961.9
1,859.2
1,457.6
1,844.9
1,623.8
2,759.4

Industrial * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

6,627.8
5,778.5
3,676.2
4,177.2
4,807.8
7,505.9
4,704.5
4,988

Institutional & Others * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

7,113.4
5,828.1
4,312.4
3,166.2
5,786.9
6,586.3
3,783.5
3,351.4

Civil Engineering Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

9,902.7
5,473.8
8,974.3
9,345.9
9,463.7
9,016.7
5,494.2
9,610.2

Contracts Awarded - Public Sector * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

19,219.8
13,252.9
15,393.3
15,835
18,296.2
19,026.4
12,171.6
17,841.4

Building Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

10,753.4
9,441.1
7,888.8
7,546.7
9,074
11,278.2
7,488.2
8,684

Residential * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

4,819.4
3,811.1
3,255.7
3,242.5
3,842.2
3,593.4
2,625.8
5,337.2

Commercial * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

119.6
297.7
99.2
126.1
93.3
57.1
365.1
65

Industrial * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

590.9
1,244.7
838.9
1,672.9
779.3
2,668.5
2,016.7
933

Institutional & Others * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

5,223.5
4,087.6
3,695
2,505.1
4,359.1
4,959.1
2,480.7
2,348.8

Civil Engineering Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

8,466.4
3,811.7
7,504.5
8,288.3
9,222.2
7,748.2
4,683.4
9,157.4

Contracts Awarded - Private Sector * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

19,537.4
13,781.2
11,010.5
8,963.5
12,239
14,497.5
8,873.2
12,093.1

Building Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

18,101.1
12,119.1
9,540.8
7,905.9
11,997.5
13,229
8,062.4
11,640.3

Residential * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

6,471.1
3,959.1
3,223.4
3,007.4
5,177
4,976.7
2,813
3,888.3

Commercial * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

3,703.2
1,885.8
2,862.7
1,733.1
1,364.2
1,787.7
1,258.7
2,694.4

Industrial * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

6,036.9
4,533.7
2,837.3
2,504.3
4,028.5
4,837.4
2,687.8
4,055

Institutional & Others * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

1,890
1,740.5
617.4
661.1
1,427.8
1,627.2
1,302.8
1,002.6

Civil Engineering Work * Data prior to 2002 include reclamation works. Data from 2002 exclude reclamation works.

1,436.3
1,662.1
1,469.7
1,057.6
241.5
1,268.5
810.8
452.8

Progress Payments Certified - Total Public & Private Sector

35,891.7
36,402.2
35,177.8
27,911.2
26,599.3
28,299.8
19,740
26,155.4

Building Work

28,812.1
28,381.3
26,512.7
20,219
18,886.1
20,161.4
14,394.6
18,735.7

Residential

13,811.1
13,607.5
10,890.2
7,584.2
6,617.8
6,677.2
4,621.8
6,572.2

Commercial

3,047.1
3,278.3
3,372.5
2,878.7
2,903.2
2,187.7
1,229.1
1,515.3

Industrial

7,060.2
6,783.5
6,637.4
4,742.5
5,353.7
6,840.3
5,396.9
6,577.6

Institutional & Others

4,893.7
4,712
5,612.6
5,013.6
4,011.4
4,456.2
3,146.9
4,070.6

Civil Engineering Work

7,079.6
8,020.9
8,665.1
7,692.2
7,713.2
8,138.4
5,345.4
7,419.7

Progress Payments Certified - Public Sector

14,731.7
15,614.6
16,473.6
14,795.5
13,648
14,526.3
10,113.4
13,078.3

Building Work

9,123.1
9,298.2
9,350.3
8,354.7
7,249.7
7,626.3
5,455.2
6,767.3

Residential

5,139.7
5,322.9
4,312.5
3,082.9
3,010.9
2,866.3
1,940.6
2,729

Commercial

83.6
118.7
184.1
187.7
125.2
118.2
53.2
102.9

Industrial

448.7
567.1
938.8
1,049.5
1,045.2
1,334.1
1,142.7
1,035.5

Institutional & Others

3,451.2
3,289.5
3,915
4,034.6
3,068.4
3,307.8
2,318.7
2,899.9

Civil Engineering Work

5,608.6
6,316.4
7,123.3
6,440.8
6,398.3
6,900
4,658.2
6,311

Progress Payments Certified - Private Sector

21,160.1
20,787.6
18,704.1
13,115.6
12,951.3
13,773.5
9,626.7
13,077.1

Building Work

19,689
19,083.1
17,162.4
11,864.3
11,636.4
12,535.1
8,939.4
11,968.5

Residential

8,671.4
8,284.6
6,577.7
4,501.3
3,606.9
3,810.9
2,681.1
3,843.3

Commercial

2,963.6
3,159.6
3,188.4
2,691
2,778
2,069.6
1,176
1,412.4

Industrial

6,611.5
6,216.4
5,698.6
3,693
4,308.5
5,506.2
4,254.2
5,542.1

Institutional & Others

1,442.5
1,422.5
1,697.6
979
943
1,148.4
828.1
1,170.8

Civil Engineering Work

1,471.1
1,704.5
1,541.8
1,251.3
1,315
1,238.4
687.2
1,108.7
SOURCE : BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION AUTHORITY

Real Estate

Title : Available And Vacant Private Residential Properties (End Of Period), Quarterly

Number Of Units

Data Items

2020 3Q
2020 4Q
2021 1Q
2021 2Q
2021 3Q
2021 4Q
2022 1Q
2022 2Q

All Types Private Residential Properties Available

375,156
376,040
377,817
379,462
380,187
382,195
382,978
385,529

Available Landed Properties

73,459
73,273
73,255
73,263
73,264
73,262
73,245
73,216

Available Non-Landed Properties

301,697
302,767
304,562
306,199
306,923
308,933
309,733
312,313

All Types Private Residential Properties Vacant

23,171
26,394
24,229
23,854
24,199
23,060
20,299
20,765

Vacant Landed Properties

3,612
3,711
3,501
3,487
3,636
3,451
3,424
3,410

Vacant Non-Landed Properties

19,559
22,683
20,728
20,367
20,563
19,609
16,875
17,355
SOURCE : URBAN REDEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

HDB Statistics

Title : Properties Under The Management Of Housing And Development Board (End Of Period), Annual

Number

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Total Residential Properties

959,960
984,908
1,010,613
1,043,968
1,061,236
1,071,126
1,079,630
1,092,898

1-Room Residential Properties

25,450
26,247
27,817
30,098
30,699
30,779
30,918
30,944

2-Room Residential Properties * The Studio Apartment Scheme and 2-room Flat Scheme were merged and replaced with the 2-room Flexi Scheme from November 2015. From November 2015, Studio Apartments are sold under the 2-Room Flexi Scheme.

37,105
38,882
41,594
48,261
53,257
56,430
59,157
61,692

3-Room Residential Properties

227,527
231,212
235,217
239,674
242,456
243,299
244,549
247,053

4-Room Residential Properties

375,533
387,642
398,927
412,394
419,203
423,280
426,401
432,107

5-Room Residential Properties * Includes 3Generation flats with effect from November 2016.

222,345
227,774
233,608
239,460
241,572
243,180
244,595
247,241

Executive Properties * From 1987, data include Multi-generation flats.

65,079
65,082
65,086
65,090
65,100
65,106
65,108
65,115

HUDC Properties * From 1989 - 1998, data include other residential properties. From 1999, data exclude other residential properties. With effect from 2014, there are no HUDC flats under HDB's management.

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Studio Apartment

6,921
8,069
8,364
8,991
8,949
9,052
8,902
8,746

Commercial/Industrial Units * With effect from 2018, there are no industrial units under HDB's management.

28,477
28,630
30,042
29,813
18,021
18,011
18,099
18,199
SOURCE : HOUSING AND DEVELOPMENT BOARD

Industrial Property

Title : JTC Ready-Built Facilities, Annual

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Gross Allocation

(Thousand Square Metres)

41.6
126.2
79.6
124.1
217.2
192.9
286.5
437.8

Returns

(Thousand Square Metres)

62.8
86.6
81.8
104.7
191.3
191.5
175.2
277

Total Allocated

(Thousand Square Metres)

3,030.8
3,059.8
3,058.3
3,084.8
5,099.5
5,108.3
5,216.9
5,420

Supply

(Thousand Square Metres)

3,313.5
3,362.5
3,417.6
3,643.9
6,134.1
6,299.6
6,501.9
6,806

Occupancy Rate

(Per Cent)

91.5
91
89.5
84.7
83.1
81.1
80.2
79.6
SOURCE : JTC CORPORATION

Residential Dwellings

Title : Residential Dwellings, Annual

Number

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Residential Dwelling Units * Data are based on the Singapore Standard Classification of Type of Dwelling. Excludes collective dwellings such as skilled nursing facilities, serviced apartments, school hostels and workers' dormitories etc.

1,271,109
1,322,898
1,370,319
1,421,302
1,460,968
1,477,627
1,490,946
1,507,505

Total HDB Flats * Includes non-privatised Housing and Urban Development Corporation flats.

953,975
980,613
1,004,623
1,032,461
1,056,716
1,066,196
1,076,879
1,087,800

HDB 1-2 Room Flats * Includes HDB studio apartments.

68,332
71,937
75,175
82,791
91,364
94,610
98,103
100,812

HDB 3- Room Flats

228,329
232,089
236,065
240,466
243,165
243,959
245,007
246,746

HDB 4- Room Flats

371,573
384,507
395,568
407,434
416,726
420,832
424,952
429,249

HDB 5- Room And Executive Flats

284,601
291,149
296,884
301,770
305,461
306,795
308,817
310,993

Condominiums And Other Apartments

232,296
256,971
279,745
302,610
317,730
324,658
327,144
332,980

Landed Properties

73,024
73,445
74,108
74,500
74,914
75,011
75,185
74,984

Others * Includes other housing units such as shophouses and attap/zinc-roofed houses etc.

11,814
11,869
11,843
11,731
11,608
11,762
11,738
11,741
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Definitions

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Other References

Residential Dwellings
Singapore Standard Classification of Type of Dwelling View

External Sources

Building, Real Estate and Construction
Building and Construction Authority View
JTC Corporation View
Urban Redevelopment Authority View
Public Housing
Housing and Development Board View