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Households

A household refers to (i) a group of two or more persons living together in the same house and sharing common food or other essential arrangements for living; or (ii) a person living alone or a person living with others but having his own food or other essential arrangements for living. Although persons may be living in the same house, they may not be members of the same household.

Data

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Key Indicators
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Households            
Number of Resident Households3/ '000 2021 1,390.6 1.3 1,372.6 0.0
Average Household Size of Resident Households 4/ Persons 2021 3.15 na 3.22 na
Proportion of Owner-Occupied Resident Households 5/ % 2021 88.9 na 87.9 na
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Resident Households by Type of Dwelling
Total 6/ % 2021 100.0 na 100.0 na
Total HDB Dwellings % 2021 78.3 na 78.7 na
HDB 1- & 2-Room Flats 7/ % 2021 6.6 na 6.5 na
HDB 3-Room Flats % 2021 17.5 na 17.7 na
HDB 4-Room Flats % 2021 31.5 na 31.6 na
HDB 5-Room & Executive Flats % 2021 22.7 na 22.9 na
Condominiums & Other Apartments % 2021 16.5 na 16.0 na
Landed Properties % 2021 4.9 na 5.0 na

Resident Households

Title : Resident Households By Household Size, Annual

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Resident Households

(Number)

1,200,000
1,225,300
1,263,600
1,289,900
1,325,300
1,372,400
1,372,600
1,390,600

Average Household Size Among Resident Households

(Persons)

3.43
3.39
3.35
3.3
3.24
3.16
3.22
3.15
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Household Income

Household income from work refers to the sum of income received by employed members of the household from employment and business. However, it does not include the income of domestic workers. Monthly household income from work includes one-twelfth of the annual bonus. Data on household income from work refer to household income from work before accounting for Government transfers and taxes, unless stated otherwise.

Data on household income by income groups are derived by first ranking, in ascending order, all resident employed households by their monthly household income from work per household member, and then dividing them into ten equal groups or deciles.

Explore the trends in household income from work and the impact of Government transfers on household income in our 'Key Household Income Trends Dashboard' in the 'Visualising Data' section below.

Household Income Distribution

The Gini Coefficient is a summary statistic that measures the dispersion of incomes on a scale of zero to one. A Gini of zero reflects perfect equality, where every household has the same income. A Gini of one represents perfect inequality, where one household has all of the income.

Equivalence scales take into account economies of scale within the household and adjust for household size so that households with different sizes and compositions are comparable. There are different equivalence scales used by different countries and international organisations. Commonly used equivalence scales include the modified OECD scale (used by Eurostat, the UK and Australia) and the square root scale (used by OECD in its reports). Department of Statistics compiles Singapore’s Gini Coefficient based on the per household member scale, modified OECD scale and square root scale.

Find out more on the concept of the ‘Gini Coefficient’ from the video in the ‘Visualising Data’ section below.

Government Transfers and Taxes

The Government transfers and taxes are subject to scheme design and data availability. For example, data on workfare-related payment starts from 2006, when the scheme was first introduced in 2006 as workfare bonus and subsequently as the workfare income supplement scheme.

Data

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Key Indicators on Household Income From Work

Title : Key Indicators On Household Income From Work Among Resident Employed Households, Annual

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Median Monthly Household Income From Work Including Employer CPF Contributions

(Dollar)

8,292
8,666
8,846
9,023
9,293
9,425
9,189
9,520

Real Change In Median Monthly Household Income From Work Including Employer CPF Contributions * The Consumer Price Index (CPI) for All Items is used as the deflator to compute real income changes.

(Per Cent)

4.1
4.9
2.6
1.5
2.6
1
-2.4
1.5

Median Monthly Household Income From Work Per Household Member (Including Employer CPF Contributions) * Household income from work per household member refers to the household income from work divided by the total number of members in the household.  For example, if there is one person in a household of four who is employed, his income is divided by four to derive the income per household member.

(Dollar)

2,380
2,500
2,584
2,699
2,792
2,925
2,886
3,027

Real Change In Median Monthly Household Income From Work Per Household Member (Including Employer CPF Contributions) * The Consumer Price Index (CPI) for All Items is used as the deflator to compute real income changes.

(Per Cent)

4.7
5.4
3.8
3.9
3
4.3
-1.2
2.8

Gini Coefficient Based On Household Income From Work Per Household Member (Including Employer CPF Contributions) Before Accounting For Government Transfers And Taxes * Internationally, there are differences in computation methods adopted by different countries, although the basic concept of Gini remains the same.  One major difference is in the equivalence scale adopted.  Equivalence scales take into account economies of scale within the household, and adjust for household size so that households with different sizes and compositions are comparable. There are different scales used by different countries and international organisations. Household income from work per household member refers to the household income from work divided by the total number of members in the household.  For example, if there is one person in a household of four who is employed, his income is divided by four to derive the income per household member.

0.464
0.463
0.458
0.459
0.458
0.452
0.452
0.444

Gini Coefficient Based On Household Income From Work Per Household Member (Including Employer CPF Contributions) After Accounting For Government Transfers And Taxes * Internationally, there are differences in computation methods adopted by different countries, although the basic concept of Gini remains the same.  One major difference is in the equivalence scale adopted.  Equivalence scales take into account economies of scale within the household, and adjust for household size so that households with different sizes and compositions are comparable.  There are different scales used by different countries and international organisations.  Household income from work per household member refers to the household income from work divided by the total number of members in the household.  For example, if there is one person in a household of four who is employed, his income is divided by four to derive the income per household member.  Data on income after accounting for government transfers and taxes for 2021 are preliminary. Similar to past practices, as more administrative data on Government transfers or taxes become available, the coverage has been expanded to include more types of transfers.

0.411
0.409
0.401
0.402
0.403
0.398
0.375
0.386
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Household Expenditure

Data on household expenditure are based the results from the quinquennial Household Expenditure Survey (HES). The HES collects detailed information on the consumption expenditure of resident households in Singapore, as well as households’ demographic and socio-economic characteristics and ownership of consumer durables.

Data

Please click on the topic to view the available data tables.

Visualising Data

View and explore data with the latest visualisations:

Key Household Income Trends Dashboard

Key Household Income Trends 2021

Key Household Income Trends 2021

Household Expenditure Survey 2017/18 Dashboard

Understanding the Gini Coefficient

Click on the hyperlinks for more visualisations on households, household income and household expenditure.

Definitions

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Other References

Households
Population Trends View
Household Expenditure
Report on the Household Expenditure Survey 2017/18 View
Household Income
Key Household Income Trends View