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Electricity

There are currently seven main power generation companies (gencos) participating in the National Electricity Market of Singapore (NEMS). NEMS is a real-time electricity trading pool operated and administered by the Energy Market Company. The gencos bid to sell electricity on a half-hourly basis through NEMS.

As at December 2020, the total registered power generation capacity (excluding solar photovoltaics) was 12,021.1 MW (megawatt). As at December 2020, there was 432.2 MWp (megawatt-peak) of grid-connected solar photovoltaic capacity. The total amount of electricity generated in 2020 was 53,080.5 GWh (gigawatt-hour), while the peak demand was 7,376 MW.

With the Open Electricity Market, all households and businesses can purchase electricity from an electricity retailer of their choice, with a price plan that best meets their needs. There were 26 licensed electricity retailers as at end December 2021.

Data

Please click on the topic to view the available data tables.

Electricity

Title : Electricity Generation And Consumption, Annual

Gigawatt Hours

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Electricity Generation * Source: SP PowerAssets Ltd before 2003, Energy Market Authority wef 2003. Data reflect the gross generation in the system. From Jan 2016, data have incorporated output from solar generation.

49,309.7
50,271.5
51,586.6
52,225.3
52,904.6
54,142
53,071.6
55,788.3

Electricity Consumption * Refers to the total electricity consumption by end users, including (embedded) consumption by autoproducers. From Jan 2016, data have incorporated consumption of output from solar generation.

46,403
47,513.9
48,623.1
49,637.8
50,438.2
51,713.3
50,760.5
Na

Industrial-Related

19,753.2
20,088
20,418.4
21,240.8
21,416.9
21,444.5
20,957.2
Na

Manufacturing

17,989
18,277.6
18,368.3
19,309.6
19,421.6
19,422.4
19,101.4
Na

Construction

527.1
531
551.6
483.5
429.6
395.2
386.9
Na

Utilities

1,198
1,237.2
1,452.7
1,401.5
1,517.9
1,573.6
1,416.4
Na

Other Industrial-Related

39.2
42.2
45.8
46.3
47.8
53.3
52.4
Na

Commerce And Service-Related

17,046.6
17,481
17,699.3
18,062.6
18,581.9
19,315
18,514.7
Na

Wholesale And Retail Trade

2,020.5
2,107.4
2,073.4
2,281.9
2,316.2
2,265.5
2,181
Na

Accommodation And Food Services

1,332.3
1,350.2
1,453.2
1,406.4
1,465.2
1,523.4
1,289.2
Na

Information And Communications

1,294.5
1,426.7
1,848
1,859.9
2,227.5
2,492
3,083.3
Na

Financial And Insurance Activities

2,574.1
2,718.1
2,361.7
2,410.1
2,320
2,379.3
2,150.8
Na

Real Estate Activities

4,485.7
4,454.6
4,497
4,671.9
4,676.5
4,865.3
4,548.5
Na

Professional, Scientific & Technical, Administration & Support Activities

681
713.7
683.4
689.8
720.7
807.4
800.2
Na

Other Commerce And Service-Related

4,658.5
4,710.3
4,782.6
4,742.7
4,855.8
4,982.2
4,461.7
Na

Transport-Related

2,441
2,444.8
2,639.4
2,767.9
2,949.5
3,020.9
2,810.2
Na

Households

6,924.4
7,220.9
7,585.8
7,289.9
7,231.5
7,681.3
8,244.5
Na

Others

237.7
279.1
280.1
276.5
258.4
251.7
233.9
Na
SOURCE : ENERGY MARKET AUTHORITY

PIped Gas

The gas industry in Singapore consists of two separate gas networks - the natural gas network and the town gas network.

Natural gas is used mainly for power generation and industrial feedstock. In 2021, natural gas contributed to about 95% of the total electricity generated.

The town gas network serves about 62% of households in Singapore and is used mainly for cooking and water heating. Total amount of town gas sold in 2021 was 1,667 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) of which 52% was for domestic and 48% was for non-domestic consumption. There are about 875,000 town gas accounts in Singapore, of which 1.74% are commercial and industrial customers.

Data

Please click on the topic to view the available data tables.

Gas

Title : Piped Gas Sales, Annual

Million Units

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Total Piped Gas Sales (Town Gas) * One unit is equivalent to one kilowatt hour.

1,666.2
1,695.4
1,740.6
1,756
1,764.3
1,760
1,717.1
1,667.5

Domestic * One unit is equivalent to one kilowatt hour.

687.9
711.7
730.3
745.3
761.5
754.8
901
859.1

Non-Domestic * One unit is equivalent to one kilowatt hour.

978.4
983.9
1,010.3
1,010.7
1,003
1,005.2
816
808.3
SOURCE : CITY ENERGY PTE. LTD. (AS TRUSTEE OF CITY ENERGY TRUST)

Water Supply

Singapore has a robust and diversified supply of water via its “Four National Taps”, namely, water from local catchment, imported water, NEWater and desalinated water. Singapore’s drinking water quality is well within the requirements stipulated under the Environmental Public Health (Water Suitable for Drinking) Regulations and the World Health Organisation’s Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality.

Data

Please click on the topic to view the available data tables.

Water

Title : Water Sales, Annual

Million Cubic Metres Per Year

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Sales Of Potable Water

Na
514.7
517
499.4
495.5
500.2
501.2
501.4

Domestic

Na
297.1
301.4
294.8
294.2
297.6
320.7
316.5

Non-Domestic

Na
217.6
215.6
204.5
201.3
202.6
180.5
184.9

Sales Of Newater

Na
124.8
126.9
140.2
140.5
145.5
141.1
148.9

Sales Of Industrial Water

Na
25
21
19.9
20.6
17.9
13
11.4
SOURCE : MINISTRY OF SUSTAINABILITY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, PUB, SINGAPORE'S NATIONAL WATER AGENCY

External Sources

Electricity
Energy Market Authority View
Power Generation Companies View
Water Supply
PUB, Singapore’s national water agency View