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Electricity

There are currently seven main power generation companies (gencos) participating in the National Electricity Market of Singapore (NEMS). NEMS is a real-time electricity trading pool operated and administered by the Energy Market Company. The gencos bid to sell electricity on a half-hourly basis through NEMS.

As at March 2020, the total registered power generation capacity (excluding solar photovoltaics) was 12,291.8 MW (megawatt). As at March 2020, there was 383.9 MWp (megawatt-peak) of grid-connected solar photovoltaic capacity. The total amount of electricity generated in 2020 was 53,071.6 GWh (gigawatt-hour), while the peak demand was 7,004 MW.

With the Open Electricity Market, all households and businesses can now buy electricity from an electricity retailer of their choice, with a price plan that best meets their needs. There were 28 licensed electricity retailers as at end December 2020.

Data

Please click on the topic to view the available data tables.

Electricity

Title : Electricity Generation And Consumption, Annual

Gigawatt Hours

Data Items

2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019

Electricity Generation * Source: SP PowerAssets Ltd before 2003, Energy Market Authority wef 2003. Data reflect the gross generation in the system. From Jan 2016, data have incorporated output from solar generation.

46,936
47,963.3
49,309.7
50,271.5
51,586.6
52,225.3
52,904.6
54,142

Electricity Consumption * Refers to the total electricity consumption by end users, including (embedded) consumption by autoproducers. From Jan 2016, data have incorporated consumption of output from solar generation.

44,200.7
44,948.8
46,403
47,513.9
48,626.6
49,643.7
50,448.9
51,720

Industrial-related

18,572.5
18,842.8
19,753.2
20,088
20,418.4
21,516.3
21,450.7
21,444.5

Manufacturing

17,112.4
17,237.4
17,989
18,277.6
18,370.9
19,581.7
19,451.5
19,422.4

Construction

443.7
490.5
527.1
531
551.6
484.3
432.3
395.2

Utilities

978.9
1,074.8
1,198
1,237.2
1,450.1
1,402.6
1,518.7
1,573.6

Other Industrial-related

37.5
40.1
39.2
42.2
45.8
47.7
48.3
53.3

Commerce And Service-related

16,366.1
16,718.6
17,046.6
17,481
17,699.3
17,804.3
18,562.4
19,315

Wholesale And Retail Trade

1,909.4
1,967.1
2,020.5
2,107.4
2,073.4
1,994.5
2,292.9
2,265.5

Accommodation And Food Services

1,275.1
1,326.6
1,332.3
1,350.2
1,453.2
1,444.9
1,464
1,523.3

Information And Communications

1,084.4
1,149.1
1,294.5
1,426.7
1,848
1,873.5
2,230.5
2,491.8

Financial And Insurance Activities

2,204.2
2,257.9
2,574.1
2,718.1
2,361.7
2,342.8
2,358.9
2,379.3

Real Estate Activities

4,522.6
4,532.4
4,485.7
4,454.6
4,497
4,700.9
4,636.2
4,865.4

Professional, Scientific & Technical, Administration & Support Activities

930.8
932.7
681
713.7
683.4
703.8
719.9
807.4

Other Commerce And Service-related

4,439.6
4,552.8
4,658.5
4,710.3
4,782.6
4,743.9
4,860.1
4,982.2

Transport-related

2,328.6
2,369.1
2,441
2,444.8
2,639.4
2,750.8
2,943.6
3,020.9

Households

6,629.5
6,754.9
6,924.4
7,220.9
7,589.4
7,295.8
7,221.4
7,688

Others

304
263.4
237.7
279.1
280.1
276.5
270.7
251.7
SOURCE : ENERGY MARKET AUTHORITY

PIped Gas

The gas industry in Singapore consists of two separate gas networks - the town gas network and the natural gas network.

Natural gas is used mainly for power generation. In 2020, natural gas contributed to about 96% of the total electricity generated.

The town gas network serves about 61% of households in Singapore and is used mainly for cooking and water heating. Total amount of town gas sold in 2020 was 1,717 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) of which 52% was for domestic and 48% was for non-domestic consumption. There are about 851,600 town gas accounts in Singapore, of which 1.39% are commercial and industrial customers.

Data

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Gas

Title : Piped Gas Sales, Annual

Data Items

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Total Piped Gas Sales (Town Gas) * One unit is equivalent to one kilowatt hour.

(Million Units)

1,662.7
1,666.2
1,695.4
1,740.6
1,756
1,764.3
1,760
1,717.1

Domestic * One unit is equivalent to one kilowatt hour.

(Million Units)

671.2
687.9
711.7
730.3
745.3
761.5
754.8
901

Non-domestic * One unit is equivalent to one kilowatt hour.

(Million Units)

991.6
978.4
983.9
1,010.3
1,010.7
1,003
1,005.2
816
SOURCE : CITY GAS PTE LTD

Water Supply

Singapore has a robust and diversified supply of water via its “Four National Taps”, namely, water from local catchment, imported water, NEWater and desalinated water. Singapore’s drinking water quality is well within the requirements stipulated under the Environmental Public Health (Water Suitable for Drinking) Regulations and the World Health Organisation’s Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality.

Data

Please click on the topic to view the available data tables.

Water

Title : Water Sales, Annual

Million Cubic Metres Per Year

Data Items

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Sales Of Potable Water

498.6
506.3
514.7
517
499.4
495.5
500.2
501.2

Domestic

286.7
291.2
297.1
301.4
294.8
294.2
297.6
320.7

Non-domestic

211.9
215.1
217.6
215.6
204.5
201.3
202.6
180.5

Sales Of NEWater

114.1
117.1
124.8
126.9
140.2
140.5
145.5
141.1

Sales Of Industrial Water

27.6
27.6
25
21
19.9
20.6
17.9
13
SOURCE : MINISTRY OF SUSTAINABILITY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, PUB, SINGAPORE'S NATIONAL WATER AGENCY

External Sources

Electricity
Energy Market Authority View
Power Generation Companies View
Water Supply
PUB, Singapore’s national water agency View