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Direct Investment

Data on foreign direct investment are sourced from financial statements and records which companies file with the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) and other government agencies, as well as the Foreign Debt and Financial Derivative Transactions Survey and Singapore’s Investment Abroad Survey.

Data

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Key Indicator - Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Foreign Direct Investment            
Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore S$m 2020 2,141,775.0 11.3 1,923,603.8 11.1

Key Indicator - Direct Investment Abroad
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Direct Investment Abroad            
Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad S$m 2020 1,039,998.3 4.7 993,224.8 14.5

Foreign Direct Investment In Singapore

Title : Foreign Direct Investment In Singapore By Investor Source (Stock As At Year-End), Annual

Millions Of Singapore Dollars

Data Items

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Total

905,760.4
1,112,348.1
1,267,981
1,352,400.5
1,567,306.7
1,731,263.6
1,923,603.8
2,141,775

Asia

220,160.7
283,770.4
299,221.6
290,590.3
328,936.5
354,135.2
398,396.5
432,828.2

Brunei Darussalam

389.5
341.2
324.8
352.9
370.7
388.2
363
310.1

Cambodia

23.1
21
21.7
15.9
19.7
28.5
65.3
108.7

Mainland China

17,846.2
16,002
22,688.7
23,806.5
39,696.3
39,990.2
42,956.5
43,872.6

Hong Kong

33,490.1
50,218.2
48,713
56,012.3
61,284.6
61,662.7
75,657.2
89,777.7

India

25,443.9
25,759.3
23,903.7
18,454
22,180.7
26,262.2
26,280.2
22,751.5

Indonesia

2,798.6
2,347.6
3,119.5
4,487.5
4,592.6
3,777.1
4,653.5
4,258.2

Israel

4,667.7
4,503.3
1,931.5
1,782.1
1,561.1
782.2
925.1
1,699.8

Japan

72,246.2
110,106.2
115,247.2
91,706.7
97,742.4
115,879.4
130,827.8
139,948.2

Republic Of Korea

4,680.9
7,576.1
10,680.5
13,919.2
16,522.7
19,723.2
23,905.9
28,512.2

Laos, People's Democratic Republic

37.6
36
36.9
45.7
48.6
35.7
42.6
75

Malaysia

30,941.4
32,518.2
32,394.9
35,162.2
37,623.1
38,510.8
39,412.1
43,940.6

Myanmar

34.2
91.1
147.7
235.8
492.8
461
492.2
417.1

Philippines

3,730.7
3,060.1
3,760.3
3,370.2
4,098.9
5,743.3
6,026.6
5,946

Taiwan

8,433.7
12,383.2
14,553.4
16,769.8
15,716.5
17,670.3
19,768.4
22,196.7

Thailand

4,175.9
4,533.6
5,263.2
6,616.6
7,960.7
8,222.1
11,357
12,592.2

Vietnam

107.8
181.3
380.9
496.8
512.7
445.8
447.2
333.2

Europe

302,759.4
326,556.6
385,152
412,203.5
463,071.5
530,356.8
501,612.6
522,015.4

Austria

1,912.6
2,531
2,353.9
2,295.2
3,409.7
3,205.9
3,883
4,102.1

Belgium

2,986.3
3,470.8
4,015.6
4,615.6
4,499.4
8,086.6
6,818.4
9,904.9

Denmark

10,496
10,722
14,339.6
15,831.1
14,167.5
18,399.7
18,756.2
17,334.6

Finland

2,782.8
2,259.2
2,336.4
2,489.2
3,604.6
3,570.2
4,409.6
5,803.5

France

12,874.5
14,893
15,622.9
15,362
15,968.4
16,815.3
20,785.4
26,806.3

Germany

15,810.6
17,755.1
18,597.2
17,430.5
21,605.5
23,283.3
20,912.2
11,523.3

Ireland

7,321.8
10,259.3
22,234.3
26,802.9
26,172.1
12,000.9
27,757.9
48,697.9

Luxembourg

24,413.9
42,591.4
48,712.7
65,532.6
68,685.5
109,029.4
110,884.2
64,012

Netherlands

84,902.2
70,062.5
99,820.6
102,185.7
115,226.2
104,539.1
25,354.6
43,339.4

Norway

21,118.2
21,475.9
22,339.8
19,846.1
16,201.5
14,682.8
13,802.3
9,607.6

Switzerland

39,635.6
44,348.3
48,403.8
40,078.7
38,686.7
60,645.6
66,844.8
74,017.8

United Kingdom

59,016.3
62,181.3
60,141.8
66,855.6
84,896.9
87,113.5
101,619.7
127,047.5

North America

136,907.5
200,855.2
253,387.7
291,194.6
354,451.8
314,097.3
483,495.4
598,412.7

United States

129,927.8
192,312.1
243,060.3
279,679
336,514.3
292,106.5
427,752.7
528,735.9

Canada

6,979.7
8,543.1
10,327.3
11,516.9
17,938.8
21,993.7
55,744.3
69,676.8

Oceania

17,504.7
23,641.9
25,184.2
25,676.7
22,379.3
24,897.9
20,955.4
22,776.5

Australia

10,424.6
15,216.8
15,805.5
15,539.1
16,850.2
18,444.7
16,655.9
16,589.1

New Zealand

4,288.2
3,570.6
3,868.7
4,488.1
3,172.7
2,372.9
2,255.5
1,793

South And Central America And The Caribbean

208,880
255,026.9
277,754.7
302,891.4
370,022.4
475,257.3
485,278.5
536,827.6

Bahamas

21,437.8
21,903.9
12,764.6
16,018.8
16,569
21,506.6
20,499.5
18,873.3

Bermuda

34,794.3
40,516.4
51,424.9
56,780.9
65,090.1
92,916.6
103,551.7
95,303

British Virgin Islands

87,450.5
105,903.4
109,941.8
117,262
125,049.2
129,229.5
151,504
163,585.5

Cayman Islands

59,607.9
80,917
98,396.8
106,904.2
145,203.7
212,566.9
198,006.3
246,721.9

Mexico

594.8
645.3
721.8
631.2
338.6
165.9
-0.5
-55.9

Africa

19,272.7
21,984.3
25,307.6
28,579.9
27,271.7
31,109.9
29,323.8
26,413.4

Mauritius

17,036.4
19,486
22,061
25,123.7
24,469.6
28,315.5
26,342
23,403.7

ASEAN * ASEAN includes Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

42,238.8
43,130.2
45,449.9
50,783.8
55,719.8
57,612.5
62,859.5
67,981

European Union (EU-27) * The European Union (EU-27) comprises Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

168,429.6
182,656.6
237,631.3
265,407.3
285,685.5
313,052
255,853.4
251,574.9
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad

Title : Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad By Investment Destination (Stock As At Year-End), Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Total

545,751.3
651,222
727,582.2
839,725.1
883,607
867,627.7
993,224.8
1,039,998.3

Asia

294,556.4
336,149.8
386,473.7
442,570.8
471,249.4
477,304.5
508,453.6
525,474.6

Brunei Darussalam

227.6
243.4
268.2
186.3
188.8
192.7
102.8
103.5

Cambodia

240.7
247.6
345.9
412.3
453.3
880.1
1,314.5
1,231

Mainland China

102,624.8
114,454.7
123,418.5
138,023.8
141,408.9
140,628
145,708
149,879

Hong Kong

41,845.8
51,134.6
51,950.1
55,732.5
58,688.3
58,386.4
60,791.2
64,223.3

India

16,000.2
21,160.3
34,203.2
41,873.5
54,059.4
58,955.6
63,226.1
66,587.2

Indonesia

40,777.5
46,350.4
55,993.9
65,951.1
68,219
66,470.1
66,233.2
64,059.5

Japan

9,772.8
9,715.4
14,083.1
18,111.2
18,831.2
16,618.6
23,634.4
24,434.1

Republic Of Korea

3,389.2
3,990.5
6,669.3
9,415.6
9,837.5
9,126.8
8,191.4
9,783.5

Lao, People's Democratic Republic

163.9
262.1
293.1
197.8
193.9
182.8
171.4
133.8

Malaysia

36,700
40,526.1
43,726.6
44,870.7
46,249.6
48,701.4
54,277.8
56,415.5

Myanmar

332.2
1,941.5
3,253.4
4,649.6
6,739.8
7,550.6
7,491.8
8,184.5

Philippines

5,226.6
5,421.8
7,270
8,387.2
8,079.4
9,338.5
9,843
9,551.3

Sri Lanka

731.3
659.8
651.9
752.8
899.5
942
877.9
909.9

Taiwan

7,785.7
7,318
7,975.1
8,411.3
7,111.4
6,276.9
6,401.7
6,221.9

Thailand

18,982
20,067.4
21,026.8
24,997
26,894.5
25,914.9
32,727.9
35,379.1

United Arab Emirates

2,137.7
2,202.6
2,056.9
3,070.4
3,187.7
4,110.7
3,016.6
2,810.6

Vietnam

4,333
6,516
8,622.6
11,082.3
12,830
14,614.4
15,664.5
16,670.5

Europe

93,402.8
106,553.9
111,249.4
178,558.7
154,269.9
153,794.5
211,737
240,561.7

Germany

1,369.2
1,407.7
1,529.1
1,327.1
4,556.4
4,424.6
5,762.4
4,657.6

Italy

355.1
277
310.6
313.9
117.3
189.1
1,601.6
1,133.3

Luxembourg

15,988.7
28,282.8
30,189
60,126.9
24,218.5
25,034
31,940.4
34,415.2

Netherlands

10,368.7
14,800.3
20,331.4
24,859.5
27,768.5
43,957.5
79,293.6
103,293.7

Norway

3,155.5
3,831.2
4,385.4
2,687.1
1,787.9
1,565.4
999.3
1,016.1

Switzerland

4,431.1
5,257.7
5,770.5
6,168
5,340
5,440.8
1,453.6
1,654.1

United Kingdom

49,153.1
42,429.8
38,035.1
45,751.2
58,282.2
54,612.6
63,650.9
66,194.8

North America

10,256.1
15,622.7
17,415.4
32,080.5
26,974.2
33,823.1
38,167.1
39,745.4

United States

9,695.5
13,536.8
17,056
31,774.6
26,666
33,139.8
36,841.8
38,381

Canada

560.7
2,085.9
359.4
305.9
308.2
683.4
1,325.3
1,364.4

Oceania

48,041.9
44,574.5
48,964
54,497.7
57,421.8
61,071.7
62,841.6
60,976.8

Australia

43,694.8
39,729.8
44,088.7
49,962.6
52,868.5
56,572.8
56,917.5
55,166.2

New Zealand

2,137.1
2,275.5
2,400
2,244.6
2,557
2,757.5
4,086.2
3,988.2

South And Central America And The Caribbean

78,803.2
126,223.5
139,900
106,453
148,159.3
113,556.9
145,117.9
145,770

British Virgin Islands

38,421.3
40,759.2
41,444.7
40,334.4
38,133.4
38,310.2
37,680.9
38,052.3

Bermuda

11,707.2
14,287
16,100.2
15,190
12,595.6
12,289.5
24,726.5
29,192.3

Brazil

705
894
968.7
1,715.2
1,622.9
1,506.7
1,621
1,634.8

Cayman Islands

23,902.1
65,280.4
75,367.4
42,057.6
80,498.8
46,171.7
61,779.2
55,819.6

Peru

729.5
791.8
693
1,355.6
1,514.3
1,482.7
1,590.1
1,929.6

Mexico

777.7
1,022.2
1,035.5
1,307.9
1,415.3
1,384.8
1,440.8
1,466.8

Africa

20,690.9
22,097.6
23,579.8
25,564.3
25,532.4
28,077
26,907.2
27,469.3

Mauritius

15,494.8
16,437.5
16,595.8
17,831.8
16,702
18,578.4
16,925.2
16,842.1

ASEAN * ASEAN includes Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

106,983.6
121,576.4
140,800.5
160,734.4
169,848.4
173,845.5
187,826.8
191,728.7

European Union (EU-27) * The European Union (EU-27) comprises Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

34,449.8
52,651.7
59,449.4
95,259.9
64,862.8
82,873
131,850.1
157,317.8
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

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Understanding Foreign Direct Investment

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Investment Commitments

Investment commitments refer to investment projects attracted by the Economic Development Board in terms of fixed assets which companies commit to invest in Singapore. Projects are only recorded as commitments if the company has made a firm undertaking to implement the project.

Data

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Key Indicators
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Investment Commitments            
Investment Commitments in Manufacturing & Services (Fixed Assets Investments) S$m 2021 11,795.8 na 17,170.6 na
Foreign Investments S$m 2021 11,060.0 na 14,202.4 na

Investment Commitments

Title : Investment Commitments In Manufacturing And Services (Fixed Assets Investments) By Industry, Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Total

11,840.2
11,494.9
9,389
9,449.1
10,873.3
15,184.4
17,170.6
11,795.8

Manufacturing

6,762.4
8,299.7
5,876.3
6,200.6
5,304.4
10,884.2
13,060.1
8,485.7

Food, Beverage & Tobacco

482.2
-
173.8
-
152.8
339.5
97.2
251.7

Petroleum & Chemical Products

2,635.8
3,560.7
1,259.1
1,316.9
201.1
4,873.6
4,083.6
979.9

Pharmaceutical & Biological Products

721.6
471.7
177.8
439.5
652.1
123.4
245.3
968

Rubber & Plastic Products

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
11.8

Fabricated Metal Products

-
-
-
93
53.2
56.7
-
5.9

Machinery & Equipment

345.7
7.7
351
502.2
131.1
292.2
-
1

Computers, Electronic & Optical Products

1,746.2
3,266.1
2,322.3
2,263.7
3,095.1
4,670.6
6,736.3
5,095.8

Transport Equipment

703.5
484.9
1,090.2
238
666.9
296.2
1,256.3
367.2

Other Manufacturing Industries

127.4
508.6
502.1
1,347.3
352.1
232
641.5
804.5

Services Industries

5,077.8
3,195.2
3,512.7
3,248.5
5,568.9
4,300.2
4,110.4
3,310.1
SOURCE : ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BOARD

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Investment Commitments
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