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Direct Investment

Data on foreign direct investment are sourced from financial statements and records which companies file with the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) and other government agencies, as well as the Foreign Debt and Financial Derivative Transactions Survey and Singapore’s Investment Abroad Survey.

Data

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Key Indicator - Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Foreign Direct Investment            
Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore S$m 2022 2,618,994.2 5.0 2,493,576.0 16.0

Key Indicator - Direct Investment Abroad
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Direct Investment Abroad            
Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad S$m 2022 1,384,953.5 4.8 1,320,963.1 11.3

Foreign Direct Investment In Singapore

Title : Foreign Direct Investment In Singapore By Source Economy (Stock As At Year-End), Annual

Millions Of Singapore Dollars

Data Items

2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022

Total

1,268,051
1,352,400.5
1,562,234.2
1,727,226.5
1,919,727.8
2,149,710.5
2,493,576
2,618,994.2

Asia

299,221.6
290,590.3
323,863.9
348,998
393,809.3
425,514.6
491,280.2
562,960.8

Brunei Darussalam

324.8
352.9
370.7
388.2
363
308
275.8
298.8

Cambodia

21.7
15.9
19.7
28.5
65.3
99
152.2
131.4

Mainland China

22,688.7
23,806.5
39,696.3
39,990.2
42,968.9
44,881.9
52,595.3
62,365

Hong Kong

48,713
56,012.3
56,212
56,590.1
70,500.9
85,295.9
89,093.1
93,740.6

India

23,903.7
18,454
22,180.7
26,262.2
26,319.7
21,353.5
24,948.7
25,307.9

Indonesia

3,119.5
4,487.5
4,592.6
3,777.1
4,659
3,772.6
5,165.5
12,308

Israel

1,931.5
1,782.1
1,561.1
782.2
925.1
1,830.8
1,811
1,990.4

Japan

115,247.2
91,706.7
97,742.4
115,879.4
131,139.3
139,830
157,214.1
177,665.9

Republic Of Korea

10,680.5
13,919.2
16,522.7
19,672.5
24,168.7
26,505.6
36,824.9
47,537.4

Laos, People's Democratic Republic

36.9
45.7
48.6
35.7
42.6
80.3
63.9
61.5

Malaysia

32,394.9
35,162.2
37,623.1
38,510.8
39,374.8
44,645.9
44,054.8
45,796.4

Myanmar

147.7
235.8
492.8
461
492.2
434
418.4
392.7

Philippines

3,760.3
3,370.2
4,098.9
5,743.3
6,026.6
5,941.4
7,009.3
5,754.1

Taiwan

14,553.4
16,769.8
15,716.5
17,670.3
19,763.1
21,642.4
33,854.6
48,563.2

Thailand

5,263.2
6,616.6
7,960.7
8,208.1
11,339.8
13,028
14,763.4
17,497.1

Vietnam

380.9
496.8
512.7
445.8
447.2
265.8
199.6
286

Europe

385,152
412,203.5
463,071.5
530,365.7
501,341.6
527,237
601,263.1
681,556.5

Austria

2,353.9
2,295.2
3,409.7
3,205.9
3,883
4,011.1
3,421.1
2,616.5

Belgium

4,015.6
4,615.6
4,499.4
8,086.6
6,821.6
9,784.4
15,239.2
14,146.7

Denmark

14,339.6
15,831.1
14,167.5
18,399.7
18,757
16,358.7
18,609.8
21,878.6

Finland

2,336.4
2,489.2
3,604.6
3,570.2
4,409.6
5,695.2
6,460.6
6,584.3

France

15,622.9
15,362
15,968.4
16,815.3
20,795.8
26,917.4
22,358.3
38,613.9

Germany

18,597.2
17,430.5
21,605.5
23,283.3
20,914.8
11,986.6
21,060.9
26,186.6

Ireland

22,234.3
26,802.9
26,172.1
12,000.9
27,757.6
48,620.5
55,911
20,493.6

Luxembourg

48,712.7
65,532.6
68,685.5
109,029.4
110,919.3
63,992.9
83,845.1
112,075.6

Netherlands

99,820.6
102,185.7
115,226.2
104,539.1
26,442.5
40,007.9
60,223.1
70,409.5

Norway

22,339.8
19,846.1
16,201.5
14,682.8
13,815.1
9,123.2
8,624.3
8,190.6

Switzerland

48,403.8
40,078.7
38,686.7
60,645.6
66,784.4
69,266.7
69,789.5
80,150.9

United Kingdom

60,141.8
66,855.6
84,896.9
87,113.5
101,955.4
125,694.7
114,586.8
138,604.6

North America

253,387.7
291,194.6
354,451.8
314,097.3
482,924.2
600,485.1
707,128.3
666,347.3

United States

243,060.3
279,679
336,514.3
292,106.5
427,181.5
531,316
610,853.6
574,017.5

Canada

10,327.3
11,516.9
17,938.8
21,993.7
55,744.3
69,169.1
96,274.7
92,329.8

Oceania

25,184.2
25,676.7
22,379.3
24,809.8
22,617.6
27,230.8
26,303
31,257.9

Australia

15,805.5
15,539.1
16,850.2
18,356.6
16,559.5
18,810.3
18,284
20,700.7

New Zealand

3,868.7
4,488.1
3,172.7
2,372.9
2,260.4
1,798
1,246.9
996.4

South And Central America And The Caribbean

277,824.7
302,891.4
370,022.4
476,436.8
487,530.7
542,996.2
642,896.6
652,432.2

Bahamas

12,764.6
16,018.8
16,569
21,506.6
20,499.5
18,256.8
21,052.8
29,420

Bermuda

51,424.9
56,780.9
65,090.1
92,916.6
103,553
105,464.6
127,692.7
127,709.4

British Virgin Islands

110,011.8
117,262
125,049.2
129,229.5
151,097.8
165,211.4
177,734.7
176,656.3

Cayman Islands

98,396.8
106,904.2
145,203.7
213,746.4
200,652
242,689.9
298,701.4
297,507.1

Mexico

721.8
631.2
338.6
165.9
-0.5
-56.3
-71.8
-60.2

Africa

25,307.6
28,579.9
27,271.7
31,109.9
29,399.1
26,064.4
25,252.5
25,192.3

Mauritius

22,061
25,123.7
24,469.6
28,315.5
26,342.1
23,114.3
22,963.3
22,883.3

ASEAN * ASEAN includes Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

45,449.9
50,783.8
55,719.8
57,598.6
62,810.5
68,575
72,102.9
82,525.9

European Union (EU-27) * The European Union (EU-27) comprises Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

237,631.3
265,407.3
285,685.5
313,052
256,992.9
257,963.5
325,744.4
361,119.8
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad

Title : Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad By Destination Economy (Stock As At Year End), Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Total

651,222
727,582.2
839,725.1
900,827
894,527.9
1,041,522.7
1,150,053.6
1,251,346.7

Asia

336,149.8
386,473.7
442,570.8
480,526.5
492,802.1
531,923.6
580,579.8
645,851.7

Brunei Darussalam

243.4
268.2
186.3
195.8
199.5
109.6
99.7
107.4

Cambodia

247.6
345.9
412.3
674.9
1,208.5
1,930.1
2,079.9
2,346.3

Mainland China

114,454.7
123,418.5
138,023.8
144,236.6
144,972.7
153,758.4
167,976.8
195,462.9

Hong Kong

51,134.6
51,950.1
55,732.5
61,330.7
60,751.9
57,986.8
67,228.9
75,597.9

India

21,160.3
34,203.2
41,873.5
53,389.8
59,689
63,044.5
64,391.7
74,803.4

Indonesia

46,350.4
55,993.9
65,951.1
68,773.2
67,507.5
66,818.9
67,538.1
70,891.7

Japan

9,715.4
14,083.1
18,111.2
18,962.8
18,125.4
24,052.8
28,153.6
36,815.5

Republic Of Korea

3,990.5
6,669.3
9,415.6
10,077
9,400.2
8,893.5
11,445.5
14,077.6

Lao, People's Democratic Republic

262.1
293.1
197.8
193.9
182.8
171.4
117.6
134.6

Malaysia

40,526.1
43,726.6
44,870.7
46,066.8
48,435.7
55,296.3
57,145.2
56,383.1

Myanmar

1,941.5
3,253.4
4,649.6
6,759.8
7,581.4
7,654.7
10,922.8
8,377.7

Philippines

5,421.8
7,270
8,387.2
8,079
10,027.6
10,648.3
10,086.3
11,274.1

Sri Lanka

659.8
651.9
752.8
979.3
992.7
1,062
1,116.5
1,141.6

Taiwan

7,318
7,975.1
8,411.3
7,086.5
6,252
6,402.8
7,857.7
8,151.7

Thailand

20,067.4
21,026.8
24,997
26,897.6
25,862.4
33,823.7
38,410.6
40,602.7

United Arab Emirates

2,202.6
2,056.9
3,070.4
3,177.6
4,094.8
3,010.7
2,749.8
2,476.2

Vietnam

6,516
8,622.6
11,082.3
16,173.5
19,008.6
23,241.2
28,260.5
30,985.7

Europe

106,553.9
111,249.4
178,558.7
157,758.3
157,572.5
222,211.8
259,463.2
286,457

Germany

1,407.7
1,529.1
1,327.1
4,743.7
4,945.5
6,314
5,583.3
6,431.1

Italy

277
310.6
313.9
117.3
189.1
1,760.8
1,345.2
1,368.4

Luxembourg

28,282.8
30,189
60,126.9
26,994.9
27,909.5
38,896.4
38,757.4
41,324.9

Netherlands

14,800.3
20,331.4
24,859.5
27,822
44,016.8
79,677.8
109,212.7
122,836.8

Norway

3,831.2
4,385.4
2,687.1
1,787.9
1,565.4
999.3
690
852.3

Switzerland

5,257.7
5,770.5
6,168
5,340
5,440.8
1,453.6
1,657.6
1,452.1

United Kingdom

42,429.8
38,035.1
45,751.2
58,288.1
54,623.2
65,329
72,849
77,626.3

North America

15,622.7
17,415.4
32,080.5
28,288.6
36,858.9
41,361.9
42,510.9
45,195.5

United States

13,536.8
17,056
31,774.6
27,980.4
36,175.5
40,035.6
41,092
44,025.1

Canada

2,085.9
359.4
305.9
308.2
683.4
1,326.3
1,418.9
1,170.4

Oceania

44,574.5
48,964
54,497.7
58,649.8
62,596.8
64,750.1
65,889
68,469.9

Australia

39,729.8
44,088.7
49,962.6
54,097.2
58,098.6
58,826
59,474.6
61,553.7

New Zealand

2,275.5
2,400
2,244.6
2,556.3
2,756.8
4,086.2
3,908.4
4,276.8

South And Central America And The Caribbean

126,223.5
139,900
106,453
148,869.7
115,576.8
152,805.2
172,019.5
173,303

British Virgin Islands

40,759.2
41,444.7
40,334.4
38,086.4
38,409.7
36,585.6
35,765.7
37,886.2

Bermuda

14,287
16,100.2
15,190
12,595.6
12,289.5
24,725.2
43,018.2
40,855.6

Brazil

894
968.7
1,715.2
1,620.4
1,525.5
1,639.8
1,857.5
1,912.7

Cayman Islands

65,280.4
75,367.4
42,057.6
81,233
48,016.4
66,472.5
65,226.6
65,807.2

Peru

791.8
693
1,355.6
1,514.3
1,482.7
1,590.1
2,101.1
2,095.3

Mexico

1,022.2
1,035.5
1,307.9
1,440.9
1,412
1,468.3
1,478.2
1,449.6

Africa

22,097.6
23,579.8
25,564.3
26,734
29,120.7
28,469.9
29,591.1
32,069.5

Mauritius

16,437.5
16,595.8
17,831.8
17,886.9
19,606.4
17,926.7
18,238.5
19,634.5

ASEAN * ASEAN includes Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

121,576.4
140,800.5
160,734.4
173,814.4
180,014
199,694.3
214,660.8
221,103.3

European Union (EU-27) * The European Union (EU-27) comprises Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

52,651.7
59,449.4
95,259.9
68,337.2
86,625.2
140,634.6
171,191
188,784
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Visualising Data

Understanding Foreign Direct Investment

Click on "Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad" and "Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore" for more visualisations.

Investment Commitments

Investment commitments refer to investment projects attracted by the Economic Development Board in terms of fixed assets which companies commit to invest in Singapore. Projects are only recorded as commitments if the company has made a firm undertaking to implement the project.

Data

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View latest data:

Key Indicators
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Investment Commitments            
Investment Commitments in Manufacturing & Services (Fixed Assets Investments) S$m 2023 12,659.6 na 22,489.8 na
Foreign Investments S$m 2023 11,382.6 na 20,515.3 na

Investment Commitments

Title : Investment Commitments In Manufacturing And Services (Fixed Assets Investments) By Industry, Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022

Total

11,494.9
9,389
9,449.1
10,873.3
15,184.4
17,170.6
11,795.8
22,489.8

Manufacturing

8,299.7
5,876.3
6,200.6
5,304.4
10,884.2
13,060.1
8,485.7
17,371.6

Food, Beverage & Tobacco

-
173.8
-
152.8
339.5
97.2
251.7
436.7

Petroleum & Chemical Products

3,560.7
1,259.1
1,316.9
201.1
4,873.6
4,083.6
979.9
862.2

Pharmaceutical & Biological Products

471.7
177.8
439.5
652.1
123.4
245.3
968
283.1

Rubber & Plastic Products

-
-
-
-
-
-
11.8
-

Fabricated Metal Products

-
-
93
53.2
56.7
-
5.9
47.5

Machinery & Equipment

7.7
351
502.2
131.1
292.2
-
1
-

Computers, Electronic & Optical Products

3,266.1
2,322.3
2,263.7
3,095.1
4,670.6
6,736.3
5,095.8
15,015.2

Transport Equipment

484.9
1,090.2
238
666.9
296.2
1,256.3
367.2
166.4

Other Manufacturing Industries

508.6
502.1
1,347.3
352.1
232
641.5
804.5
560.6

Services Industries

3,195.2
3,512.7
3,248.5
5,568.9
4,300.2
4,110.4
3,310.1
5,118.2
SOURCE : ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BOARD

Definitions

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Other References

Investment Commitments
EDB Year 2019 In Review View