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Direct Investment

Data on foreign direct investment are sourced from financial statements and records which companies file with the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) and other government agencies, as well as the Foreign Debt and Financial Derivative Transactions Survey and Singapore’s Investment Abroad Survey.

Data

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Key Indicator - Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Foreign Direct Investment            
Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore S$m 2020 2,119,611.8 11.1 1,908,653.5 10.2

Key Indicator - Direct Investment Abroad
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Direct Investment Abroad            
Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad S$m 2019 934,738.4 8.0 865,797.0 -2.1

Foreign Direct Investment In Singapore

Title : Foreign Direct Investment In Singapore By Investor Source (Stock As At Year-End), Annual

Millions Of Singapore Dollars

Data Items

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Total

905,760.4
1,112,348.1
1,267,981
1,352,400.5
1,567,306.7
1,732,169.8
1,908,653.5
2,119,611.8

Asia

220,160.7
283,770.4
299,221.6
290,590.3
328,936.5
354,129
398,239.9
434,360.4

Brunei Darussalam

389.5
341.2
324.8
352.9
370.7
388.2
363
310.1

Cambodia

23.1
21
21.7
15.9
19.7
28.5
65.3
99.5

Mainland China

17,846.2
16,002
22,688.7
23,806.5
39,696.3
39,990.2
42,959.5
42,901.2

Hong Kong

33,490.1
50,218.2
48,713
56,012.3
61,284.6
61,656.5
75,602.1
90,299

India

25,443.9
25,759.3
23,903.7
18,454
22,180.7
26,262.2
26,278.5
25,777.1

Indonesia

2,798.6
2,347.6
3,119.5
4,487.5
4,592.6
3,777.1
4,652.2
4,261.6

Israel

4,667.7
4,503.3
1,931.5
1,782.1
1,561.1
782.2
925.1
1,701.2

Japan

72,246.2
110,106.2
115,247.2
91,706.7
97,742.4
115,879.4
130,773.2
138,585.8

Republic Of Korea

4,680.9
7,576.1
10,680.5
13,919.2
16,522.7
19,723.2
23,899.5
28,256.3

Laos, People's Democratic Republic

37.6
36
36.9
45.7
48.6
35.7
42.6
75.1

Malaysia

30,941.4
32,518.2
32,394.9
35,162.2
37,623.1
38,510.8
39,336.9
44,458

Myanmar

34.2
91.1
147.7
235.8
492.8
461
492.2
443.2

Philippines

3,730.7
3,060.1
3,760.3
3,370.2
4,098.9
5,743.3
6,026.6
6,011

Taiwan

8,433.7
12,383.2
14,553.4
16,769.8
15,716.5
17,670.3
19,755.4
22,023.9

Thailand

4,175.9
4,533.6
5,263.2
6,616.6
7,960.7
8,222.1
11,351
12,328

Vietnam

107.8
181.3
380.9
496.8
512.7
445.8
447.2
460.5

Europe

302,759.4
326,556.6
385,152
412,203.5
463,071.5
531,269.3
509,226.5
530,191.6

Austria

1,912.6
2,531
2,353.9
2,295.2
3,409.7
3,205.9
3,883
4,102.1

Belgium

2,986.3
3,470.8
4,015.6
4,615.6
4,499.4
8,086.6
6,815.6
9,253.5

Denmark

10,496
10,722
14,339.6
15,831.1
14,167.5
18,399.7
18,757.8
17,327

Finland

2,782.8
2,259.2
2,336.4
2,489.2
3,604.6
3,570.2
4,409.6
5,802.2

France

12,874.5
14,893
15,622.9
15,362
15,968.4
16,815.3
20,759
26,805.8

Germany

15,810.6
17,755.1
18,597.2
17,430.5
21,605.5
23,283.3
20,896
11,584.2

Ireland

7,321.8
10,259.3
22,234.3
26,802.9
26,172.1
12,000.9
27,757.5
49,592.8

Luxembourg

24,413.9
42,591.4
48,712.7
65,532.6
68,685.5
109,029.4
115,019.2
65,097.8

Netherlands

84,902.2
70,062.5
99,820.6
102,185.7
115,226.2
105,451.5
29,509.7
51,790.5

Norway

21,118.2
21,475.9
22,339.8
19,846.1
16,201.5
14,682.8
13,846.8
9,804.6

Switzerland

39,635.6
44,348.3
48,403.8
40,078.7
38,686.7
60,645.6
66,653.3
72,238.3

United Kingdom

59,016.3
62,181.3
60,141.8
66,855.6
84,896.9
87,113.5
101,135.4
126,950.8

North America

136,907.5
200,855.2
253,387.7
291,194.6
354,451.8
314,097.3
483,812
596,482.8

United States

129,927.8
192,312.1
243,060.3
279,679
336,514.3
292,106.5
427,939.6
527,088.6

Canada

6,979.7
8,543.1
10,327.3
11,516.9
17,938.8
21,993.7
55,874.1
69,394.2

Oceania

17,504.7
23,641.9
25,184.2
25,676.7
22,379.3
24,897.9
20,955.6
22,704.3

Australia

10,424.6
15,216.8
15,805.5
15,539.1
16,850.2
18,444.7
16,654.8
16,571.1

New Zealand

4,288.2
3,570.6
3,868.7
4,488.1
3,172.7
2,372.9
2,256.8
1,796

South And Central America And The Caribbean

208,880
255,026.9
277,754.7
302,891.4
370,022.4
475,257.3
462,553.8
506,314.9

Bahamas

21,437.8
21,903.9
12,764.6
16,018.8
16,569
21,506.6
20,499.5
18,840.8

Bermuda

34,794.3
40,516.4
51,424.9
56,780.9
65,090.1
92,916.6
103,550
96,733.2

British Virgin Islands

87,450.5
105,903.4
109,941.8
117,262
125,049.2
129,229.5
150,615.7
158,195.6

Cayman Islands

59,607.9
80,917
98,396.8
106,904.2
145,203.7
212,566.9
176,168.4
219,988.9

Mexico

594.8
645.3
721.8
631.2
338.6
165.9
-0.5
-22.4

Africa

19,272.7
21,984.3
25,307.6
28,579.9
27,271.7
31,109.9
29,324.1
27,106

Mauritius

17,036.4
19,486
22,061
25,123.7
24,469.6
28,315.5
26,342.3
24,039.4

ASEAN * ASEAN includes Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

42,238.8
43,130.2
45,449.9
50,783.8
55,719.8
57,612.5
62,776.9
68,447.1

European Union (EU-27) * The European Union (EU-27) comprises Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

168,429.6
182,656.6
237,631.3
265,407.3
285,685.5
313,964.4
264,098.5
261,313.9
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad

Title : Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad By Investment Destination (Stock As At Year-End), Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019

Total

498,027.9
545,751.3
651,222
726,346.6
839,746.7
884,163.9
865,797
934,738.4

Asia

277,116.8
294,556.4
336,149.8
386,857.4
443,512.7
472,788.1
477,304
501,339.6

Brunei Darussalam

207.6
227.6
243.4
268.2
186.3
188.8
192.7
194.9

Cambodia

225.7
240.7
247.6
729.6
796.3
837.6
1,351
1,407.3

Mainland China

92,047
102,624.8
114,454.7
123,418.5
138,023.8
141,408.9
140,557.9
147,014.5

Hong Kong

40,241.3
41,845.8
51,134.6
51,950.1
55,732.5
58,696.6
57,263.4
57,652.6

India

12,909.4
16,000.2
21,160.3
34,203.2
42,381
54,854.7
60,020.7
61,206.7

Indonesia

39,889.1
40,777.5
46,350.4
55,993.9
65,951.1
68,219
66,470.1
65,223.6

Japan

9,963.8
9,772.8
9,715.4
14,083.1
18,111.2
18,831.2
16,614
23,765.2

Republic Of Korea

2,856.5
3,389.2
3,990.5
6,669.3
9,415.6
9,837.5
9,126.8
8,372.2

Lao, People's Democratic Republic

226.3
163.9
262.1
293.1
197.8
193.9
182.8
172.5

Malaysia

36,486.3
36,700
40,526.1
43,726.6
44,870.7
46,249.6
48,701.4
54,293.6

Myanmar

291.8
332.2
1,941.5
3,253.4
4,699.9
6,790.1
8,314.5
8,732.7

Philippines

5,330.4
5,226.6
5,421.8
7,270
8,387.2
8,379.9
9,021.1
8,848.9

Sri Lanka

573.5
731.3
659.8
651.9
752.8
899.5
942
911.2

Taiwan

7,557.9
7,785.7
7,318
7,975.1
8,411.3
7,111.4
6,276.9
6,418.6

Thailand

19,669
18,982
20,067.4
21,026.8
24,997
26,894.5
25,914.9
31,135.4

United Arab Emirates

1,803
2,137.7
2,202.6
2,056.9
3,070.4
3,187.7
4,110.7
3,273

Vietnam

3,767
4,333
6,516
8,622.6
11,082.3
12,830
13,829.1
14,199.8

Europe

79,949.4
93,402.8
106,553.9
111,249.4
178,558.7
154,100.7
153,635.9
184,438.4

Germany

1,576.9
1,369.2
1,407.7
1,529.1
1,327.1
4,556.4
4,424.6
4,439.5

Italy

237.3
355.1
277
310.6
313.9
117.3
189.1
193.2

Luxembourg

12,172.6
15,988.7
28,282.8
30,189
60,126.9
24,049.3
25,034
11,250

Netherlands

7,855
10,368.7
14,800.3
20,331.4
24,859.5
27,768.5
43,957.5
85,678.8

Norway

2,811.9
3,155.5
3,831.2
4,385.4
2,687.1
1,787.9
1,565.4
286.2

Switzerland

3,661.4
4,431.1
5,257.7
5,770.5
6,168
5,340
5,440.8
2,431.2

United Kingdom

43,713.6
49,153.1
42,429.8
38,035.1
45,751.2
58,282.2
54,612.6
58,155.9

North America

9,691.8
10,256.1
15,622.7
17,415.4
32,080.5
26,974.2
33,399.2
34,588.2

United States

8,296.7
9,695.5
13,536.8
17,056
31,774.6
26,666
32,715.8
33,257.7

Canada

1,395.1
560.7
2,085.9
359.4
305.9
308.2
683.4
1,330.5

Oceania

45,659.4
48,041.9
44,574.5
47,344.7
52,783.9
55,816.6
59,508.4
59,978.3

Australia

41,943.5
43,694.8
39,729.8
42,469.4
48,248.7
51,263.3
55,009.6
54,480.2

New Zealand

1,710.4
2,137.1
2,275.5
2,400
2,244.6
2,557
2,757.5
3,550.7

South And Central America And The Caribbean

65,134.3
78,803.2
126,223.5
139,900
107,251.2
148,950.6
113,872.6
128,476.3

British Virgin Islands

36,896.8
38,421.3
40,759.2
41,444.7
40,334.4
38,038.1
37,606.6
35,621

Bermuda

10,823.8
11,707.2
14,287
16,100.2
15,190
12,595.6
12,289.5
12,911.5

Brazil

652.3
705
894
968.7
1,715.2
1,622.9
1,506.7
1,614.8

Cayman Islands

12,789.8
23,902.1
65,280.4
75,367.4
42,057.6
80,498.8
47,097.7
62,676.9

Peru

685.4
729.5
791.8
693
1,355.6
1,514.3
1,482.7
1,361.5

Mexico

892.1
777.7
1,022.2
1,035.5
1,307.9
1,415.3
1,384.8
1,459.3

Africa

20,476.3
20,690.9
22,097.6
23,579.8
25,559.8
25,533.7
28,077
25,917.6

Mauritius

16,866.2
15,494.8
16,437.5
16,595.8
17,831.8
16,702
18,578.4
16,257.7

ASEAN * ASEAN includes Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

106,093.1
106,983.6
121,576.4
141,184.3
161,168.7
170,583.5
173,977.6
184,208.7

European Union (EU-27) * The European Union (EU-27) comprises Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

27,474.3
34,449.8
52,651.7
59,449.4
95,259.9
64,693.5
82,714.4
113,757.8
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

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Understanding Foreign Direct Investment

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Investment Commitments

Investment commitments refer to investment projects attracted by the Economic Development Board in terms of fixed assets which companies commit to invest in Singapore. Projects are only recorded as commitments if the company has made a firm undertaking to implement the project.

Data

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Key Indicators
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Investment Commitments            
Investment Commitments in Manufacturing & Services (Fixed Assets Investments) S$m 2020 17,170.6 na 15,184.4 na
Foreign Investments S$m 2020 14,202.4 na 13,935.0 na

Investment Commitments

Title : Investment Commitments In Manufacturing And Services (Fixed Assets Investments) By Industry, Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

Total

12,135.2
11,840.2
11,494.9
9,389
9,449.1
10,873.3
15,184.4
17,170.6

Manufacturing

7,956.8
6,762.4
8,299.7
5,876.3
6,200.6
5,304.4
10,884.2
13,060.1

Food, Beverage & Tobacco

97
482.2
-
173.8
-
152.8
339.5
97.2

Petroleum & Chemical Products

2,508.5
2,635.8
3,560.7
1,259.1
1,316.9
201.1
4,873.6
4,083.6

Pharmaceutical & Biological Products

593.9
721.6
471.7
177.8
439.5
652.1
123.4
245.3

Rubber & Plastic Products

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

Fabricated Metal Products

91.6
-
-
-
93
53.2
56.7
-

Machinery & Equipment

518.2
345.7
7.7
351
502.2
131.1
292.2
-

Computers, Electronic & Optical Products

3,293.9
1,746.2
3,266.1
2,322.3
2,263.7
3,095.1
4,670.6
6,736.3

Transport Equipment

591.8
703.5
484.9
1,090.2
238
666.9
296.2
1,256.3

Other Manufacturing Industries

261.9
127.4
508.6
502.1
1,347.3
352.1
232
641.5

Services Industries

4,178.4
5,077.8
3,195.2
3,512.7
3,248.5
5,568.9
4,300.2
4,110.4
SOURCE : ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BOARD

Definitions

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Investment Commitments
EDB Year 2019 In Review View