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Direct Investment

Data on foreign direct investment are sourced from financial statements and records which companies file with the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) and other government agencies, as well as the Foreign Debt and Financial Derivative Transactions Survey and Singapore’s Investment Abroad Survey.

Data

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Key Indicator - Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Foreign Direct Investment            
Foreign Direct Investment in Singapore S$m 2021 2,441,550.1 13.8 2,145,732.0 11.9

Key Indicator - Direct Investment Abroad
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y)  2/
Direct Investment Abroad            
Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad S$m 2021 1,237,835.0 7.8 1,148,178.2 9.7

Foreign Direct Investment In Singapore

Title : Foreign Direct Investment In Singapore By Investor Source (Stock As At Year-End), Annual

Millions Of Singapore Dollars

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Total

1,112,348.1
1,267,981
1,352,400.5
1,562,234.2
1,726,191
1,917,067
2,145,732
2,441,550.1

Asia

283,770.4
299,221.6
290,590.3
323,863.9
349,062.6
393,464
427,352.1
493,626.4

Brunei Darussalam

341.2
324.8
352.9
370.7
388.2
363
308
296.5

Cambodia

21
21.7
15.9
19.7
28.5
65.3
99
161.4

Mainland China

16,002
22,688.7
23,806.5
39,696.3
39,990.2
42,968.9
44,414.1
50,073.6

Hong Kong

50,218.2
48,713
56,012.3
56,212
56,590.1
70,500.9
88,103.1
91,179.6

India

25,759.3
23,903.7
18,454
22,180.7
26,262.2
26,319.7
21,353.5
23,687

Indonesia

2,347.6
3,119.5
4,487.5
4,592.6
3,777.1
4,659
4,718.4
5,826.3

Israel

4,503.3
1,931.5
1,782.1
1,561.1
782.2
925.1
1,830.8
3,904.6

Japan

110,106.2
115,247.2
91,706.7
97,742.4
115,879.4
130,971.8
139,394
160,543.4

Republic Of Korea

7,576.1
10,680.5
13,919.2
16,522.7
19,723.2
23,991.8
26,294.6
35,536.2

Laos, People's Democratic Republic

36
36.9
45.7
48.6
35.7
42.6
80.3
79.2

Malaysia

32,518.2
32,394.9
35,162.2
37,623.1
38,510.8
39,374.5
44,685.6
47,134

Myanmar

91.1
147.7
235.8
492.8
461
492.2
434
426.5

Philippines

3,060.1
3,760.3
3,370.2
4,098.9
5,743.3
6,026.6
5,101.7
7,073.7

Taiwan

12,383.2
14,553.4
16,769.8
15,716.5
17,670.3
19,763.1
21,642.4
32,313.9

Thailand

4,533.6
5,263.2
6,616.6
7,960.7
8,222.1
11,339.2
13,027.4
13,308.1

Vietnam

181.3
380.9
496.8
512.7
445.8
447.2
265.8
166.6

Europe

326,556.6
385,152
412,203.5
463,071.5
530,356.8
501,259.6
519,303.6
612,452.9

Austria

2,531
2,353.9
2,295.2
3,409.7
3,205.9
3,883
4,011.1
3,408.3

Belgium

3,470.8
4,015.6
4,615.6
4,499.4
8,086.6
6,821.6
9,784.4
12,412.1

Denmark

10,722
14,339.6
15,831.1
14,167.5
18,399.7
18,757
16,358.7
18,559.8

Finland

2,259.2
2,336.4
2,489.2
3,604.6
3,570.2
4,409.6
5,695.2
5,666.7

France

14,893
15,622.9
15,362
15,968.4
16,815.3
20,795.8
26,917.4
28,818.1

Germany

17,755.1
18,597.2
17,430.5
21,605.5
23,283.3
20,915.5
11,987.3
21,821.2

Ireland

10,259.3
22,234.3
26,802.9
26,172.1
12,000.9
27,757.6
48,620.5
50,177.5

Luxembourg

42,591.4
48,712.7
65,532.6
68,685.5
109,029.4
110,919.3
63,992.9
78,494.6

Netherlands

70,062.5
99,820.6
102,185.7
115,226.2
104,539.1
26,442.5
40,007.9
55,577.8

Norway

21,475.9
22,339.8
19,846.1
16,201.5
14,682.8
13,815.1
9,123.2
8,626.5

Switzerland

44,348.3
48,403.8
40,078.7
38,686.7
60,645.6
66,784.4
69,266.7
82,370.9

United Kingdom

62,181.3
60,141.8
66,855.6
84,896.9
87,113.5
101,880.9
122,748.7
129,058

North America

200,855.2
253,387.7
291,194.6
354,451.8
314,097.3
482,656.6
602,398.6
642,439.8

United States

192,312.1
243,060.3
279,679
336,514.3
292,106.5
426,913.9
531,684.3
549,834.9

Canada

8,543.1
10,327.3
11,516.9
17,938.8
21,993.7
55,744.3
70,714.3
92,604.9

Oceania

23,641.9
25,184.2
25,676.7
22,379.3
24,897.9
22,617.6
27,230.8
27,675.2

Australia

15,216.8
15,805.5
15,539.1
16,850.2
18,444.7
16,559.5
18,810.3
18,667.2

New Zealand

3,570.6
3,868.7
4,488.1
3,172.7
2,372.9
2,260.4
1,798
1,318.1

South And Central America And The Caribbean

255,026.9
277,754.7
302,891.4
370,022.4
475,257.3
485,628.7
543,268.6
638,218.3

Bahamas

21,903.9
12,764.6
16,018.8
16,569
21,506.6
20,499.5
18,256.8
21,233.6

Bermuda

40,516.4
51,424.9
56,780.9
65,090.1
92,916.6
103,553
104,412.3
123,235

British Virgin Islands

105,903.4
109,941.8
117,262
125,049.2
129,229.5
151,097.8
165,585.1
184,426.6

Cayman Islands

80,917
98,396.8
106,904.2
145,203.7
212,566.9
198,761.4
243,432.9
291,812.7

Mexico

645.3
721.8
631.2
338.6
165.9
-0.5
-56.3
-116.2

Africa

21,984.3
25,307.6
28,579.9
27,271.7
31,109.9
29,323.9
25,983.8
26,800.1

Mauritius

19,486
22,061
25,123.7
24,469.6
28,315.5
26,342.1
23,114.3
23,648.1

ASEAN * ASEAN includes Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

43,130.2
45,449.9
50,783.8
55,719.8
57,612.5
62,809.5
68,720.1
74,472.3

European Union (EU-27) * The European Union (EU-27) comprises Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

182,656.6
237,631.3
265,407.3
285,685.5
313,052
256,993.5
252,888
307,970.6
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad

Title : Singapore's Direct Investment Abroad By Investment Destination (Stock As At Year-End), Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Total

651,222
727,582.2
839,725.1
898,572.5
891,362.6
1,046,747.7
1,148,178.2
1,237,835

Asia

336,149.8
386,473.7
442,570.8
478,839.6
490,241
535,913.7
579,066.1
631,552.9

Brunei Darussalam

243.4
268.2
186.3
195.5
199.5
109.6
106.5
113.8

Cambodia

247.6
345.9
412.3
674.9
1,208.5
1,930.1
1,989
2,195.3

Mainland China

114,454.7
123,418.5
138,023.8
143,775.5
144,488.8
153,360.5
167,383.5
189,172.5

Hong Kong

51,134.6
51,950.1
55,732.5
60,313.5
59,688.8
62,560.5
71,792.6
80,054.9

India

21,160.3
34,203.2
41,873.5
53,378.3
59,079.2
62,659.3
63,108.7
72,128.7

Indonesia

46,350.4
55,993.9
65,951.1
68,798.4
67,254.5
67,319.2
67,343.2
69,680.5

Japan

9,715.4
14,083.1
18,111.2
18,797.6
17,925.1
23,855.8
27,498.6
34,497.5

Republic Of Korea

3,990.5
6,669.3
9,415.6
10,084.6
9,400.2
8,883.7
10,958.4
12,645.9

Lao, People's Democratic Republic

262.1
293.1
197.8
167.7
156.5
145.1
92.3
134.7

Malaysia

40,526.1
43,726.6
44,870.7
46,105.2
48,547.3
55,421.2
57,993.9
56,178.1

Myanmar

1,941.5
3,253.4
4,649.6
6,720.4
7,524.8
7,592.1
8,726.4
6,796.6

Philippines

5,421.8
7,270
8,387.2
8,061.3
10,012.4
10,633.2
10,154.3
11,433.7

Sri Lanka

659.8
651.9
752.8
979.3
992.7
1,061.9
1,109.3
1,120

Taiwan

7,318
7,975.1
8,411.3
7,111.4
6,252
6,401.7
7,879.5
8,086.2

Thailand

20,067.4
21,026.8
24,997
26,878.9
25,897.4
33,710.8
37,656.5
39,165.9

United Arab Emirates

2,202.6
2,056.9
3,070.4
3,177.8
4,094.8
3,010.7
2,884.6
2,672.9

Vietnam

6,516
8,622.6
11,082.3
16,207.8
19,069.3
23,300.9
27,955.1
29,906.6

Europe

106,553.9
111,249.4
178,558.7
157,631.6
157,552.5
222,671.6
261,255
284,509

Germany

1,407.7
1,529.1
1,327.1
4,743.7
4,945.5
6,314
5,331.2
5,715.7

Italy

277
310.6
313.9
117.3
189.1
1,760.8
1,409.5
1,449.8

Luxembourg

28,282.8
30,189
60,126.9
26,994.9
27,909.5
38,896.4
38,560.5
38,837.4

Netherlands

14,800.3
20,331.4
24,859.5
27,768
43,948.9
79,562.3
108,897.7
122,599.4

Norway

3,831.2
4,385.4
2,687.1
1,787.9
1,565.4
999.3
1,015.4
1,178.5

Switzerland

5,257.7
5,770.5
6,168
5,340
5,440.8
1,453.6
1,657.3
1,441.7

United Kingdom

42,429.8
38,035.1
45,751.2
58,288.1
54,623.2
65,440.8
74,257.1
78,696.9

North America

15,622.7
17,415.4
32,080.5
28,181.7
36,748.9
41,253.3
41,583.1
42,948.5

United States

13,536.8
17,056
31,774.6
27,873.5
36,065.5
39,927
40,190.6
42,037.6

Canada

2,085.9
359.4
305.9
308.2
683.4
1,326.3
1,392.5
910.9

Oceania

44,574.5
48,964
54,497.7
58,302
62,257
64,583.5
63,515.3
68,723.5

Australia

39,729.8
44,088.7
49,962.6
53,749.4
57,758.8
58,659.4
57,306.4
61,875.8

New Zealand

2,275.5
2,400
2,244.6
2,556.3
2,756.8
4,086.2
3,841.5
4,236.4

South And Central America And The Caribbean

126,223.5
139,900
106,453
148,883.5
115,442.5
153,885.4
173,058.9
178,137.1

British Virgin Islands

40,759.2
41,444.7
40,334.4
38,123.3
38,300
37,680.2
36,539.1
38,238.4

Bermuda

14,287
16,100.2
15,190
12,595.6
12,289.5
24,726.5
43,103.1
38,910.3

Brazil

894
968.7
1,715.2
1,622.9
1,527.9
1,642.3
1,805.3
2,163.5

Cayman Islands

65,280.4
75,367.4
42,057.6
81,233
48,016.4
66,472.5
65,612.1
72,356.4

Peru

791.8
693
1,355.6
1,514.3
1,482.7
1,590.1
2,101.1
2,095.3

Mexico

1,022.2
1,035.5
1,307.9
1,415.3
1,384.8
1,440.8
1,494.5
1,416

Africa

22,097.6
23,579.8
25,564.3
26,734
29,120.7
28,439.9
29,699.1
31,963.4

Mauritius

16,437.5
16,595.8
17,831.8
17,886.9
19,606.4
17,926.7
18,401.1
19,695.3

ASEAN * ASEAN includes Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

121,576.4
140,800.5
160,734.4
173,810.2
179,870.4
200,162.2
212,017.3
215,605.1

European Union (EU-27) * The European Union (EU-27) comprises Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.

52,651.7
59,449.4
95,259.9
68,210.5
86,605.2
140,982.6
171,267
185,578
SOURCE : SINGAPORE DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS

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Understanding Foreign Direct Investment

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Investment Commitments

Investment commitments refer to investment projects attracted by the Economic Development Board in terms of fixed assets which companies commit to invest in Singapore. Projects are only recorded as commitments if the company has made a firm undertaking to implement the project.

Data

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Key Indicators
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y‑o‑Y) 2/
Investment Commitments            
Investment Commitments in Manufacturing & Services (Fixed Assets Investments) S$m 2021 11,795.8 na 17,170.6 na
Foreign Investments S$m 2021 11,060.0 na 14,202.4 na

Investment Commitments

Title : Investment Commitments In Manufacturing And Services (Fixed Assets Investments) By Industry, Annual

Million Dollars

Data Items

2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Total

11,840.2
11,494.9
9,389
9,449.1
10,873.3
15,184.4
17,170.6
11,795.8

Manufacturing

6,762.4
8,299.7
5,876.3
6,200.6
5,304.4
10,884.2
13,060.1
8,485.7

Food, Beverage & Tobacco

482.2
-
173.8
-
152.8
339.5
97.2
251.7

Petroleum & Chemical Products

2,635.8
3,560.7
1,259.1
1,316.9
201.1
4,873.6
4,083.6
979.9

Pharmaceutical & Biological Products

721.6
471.7
177.8
439.5
652.1
123.4
245.3
968

Rubber & Plastic Products

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
11.8

Fabricated Metal Products

-
-
-
93
53.2
56.7
-
5.9

Machinery & Equipment

345.7
7.7
351
502.2
131.1
292.2
-
1

Computers, Electronic & Optical Products

1,746.2
3,266.1
2,322.3
2,263.7
3,095.1
4,670.6
6,736.3
5,095.8

Transport Equipment

703.5
484.9
1,090.2
238
666.9
296.2
1,256.3
367.2

Other Manufacturing Industries

127.4
508.6
502.1
1,347.3
352.1
232
641.5
804.5

Services Industries

5,077.8
3,195.2
3,512.7
3,248.5
5,568.9
4,300.2
4,110.4
3,310.1
SOURCE : ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BOARD

Definitions

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Other References

Investment Commitments
EDB Year 2019 In Review View