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Census of Manufacturing Activities

A census of manufacturing establishments is conducted annually by the Research and Statistics Unit of the Economic Development Board (EDB). The activities covered in the census include manufacturing and industrial servicing. They are classified according to the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2020. The reference period is the calendar year, except for those establishments whose financial years do not coincide with the calendar year. The results provide comprehensive data for the study of the structure and trends of the manufacturing sector.

Index of Industrial Production

The index of industrial production covers all manufacturing activities classified under Section C of the Singapore Standard Industrial Classification 2020. The indices published are at the 2-digit industry division and total manufacturing levels.

The reference year for the index of industrial production is 2019. The value-added weighting pattern is updated annually based on data from the Census of Manufacturing Activities. The weighting pattern reflects the relative importance of the industry divisions and changing structure within the manufacturing sector. The Laspeyres’ annual chain link formula is used for the compilation of the index.

Unit Business Cost Index

The Unit Business Cost Index (UBCI) is compiled by the Singapore Department of Statistics. It measures the relative business cost of producing one unit of real manufacturing output with respect to the base year. The main components of business cost are labour cost, services cost, as well as non-labour production taxes. The UBCI is compiled based on the benchmark on business cost from the Census of Manufacturing Activities (CMA) and extrapolated using data from the Monthly Survey of Manufacturing Activities (MMA).

Data

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View Latest Data:

Key Indicators
Items Unit Latest Period Latest Data % Change
(Y-o-Y)  1/
Previous
Period Data
% Change
(Y-o-Y)  2/
Manufacturing            
Industrial Production Index (2019=100)

Jan-24 120.7 1.1 125.9 -2.4
Total Output 3/ 4/ 5/ S$m 2023 413,931 -10.4 462,054 17.1
Value Added 4/ S$m  2023 115,644 -15.1 136,145 18.0
Employment 4/ '000  2023 360.9 0.8 358.0 2.2
Remuneration 4/ S$m 2023 25,389 2.2 24,839 7.9
Change in Unit Labour Cost of Manufacturing % 2023  84.6 10.0 76.9 9.5

Index of Industrial Production

Title : Index Of Industrial Production (2019 = 100), Annual

Index

Data Items

2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023

Total

85.876
94.813
101.477
100
107.531
121.837
125.126
119.743

Food, Beverage & Tobacco

89.066
94.815
97.729
100.002
91.643
87.295
100.018
98.715

Textiles

135.347
124.337
114.458
100
52.223
30.328
16.902
7.434

Wearing Apparel

40.362
42.696
40.023
100
118.936
164.799
231.491
163.328

Leather Products

135.376
120.43
112.254
100
58.813
92.76
98.757
103.867

Wood And Of Products Of Wood And Cork

124.223
121.471
112.518
100
85.479
127.794
153.776
151.076

Paper & Paper Products

94.579
93.489
100.102
100
96.279
100.308
101.67
96.629

Printing And Reproduction Of Recorded Media

141.163
121.383
110.64
100
84.482
76.528
80.6
71.75

Refined Petroleum Products

97.247
105.888
105.41
100
83.527
86.039
92.514
91.149

Chemicals & Chemical Products

90.94
96.874
101.769
100
100.551
110.171
101.579
92.894

Pharmaceuticals And Biological Products

97.068
83.22
89.665
100
130.684
145.311
130.301
104.791

Rubber & Plastic Products

99.249
101.684
100.097
100
98.799
116.907
122.488
103.953

Non-Metallic Mineral Products

146.901
119.049
104.811
100
64.019
95.852
96.463
101.419

Basic Metals

124.24
126.654
110.925
100
97.569
111.221
108.901
105.129

Fabricated Metal Products

103.341
100.601
100.785
100
91.364
110.296
117.574
106.087

Computer, Electronic & Optical Products

73.738
98.036
106.041
100
111.131
126.717
129.185
125.269

Electrical Equipment

77.026
84.779
95.087
100
90.385
106.859
116.053
98.696

Machinery & Equipment

91.931
97.986
111.927
100
109.581
136.465
152.909
146.48

Motor Vehicles, Trailers And Semi-Trailers

95.475
113.584
109.725
100
87.316
97.715
103.815
120.443

Other Transport Equipment

95.666
94.063
96.958
100
75.676
88.96
108.155
121.23

Furniture

161.567
115.75
108.69
100
65.015
93.595
113.536
117.253

Other Manufacturing Industries

76.676
84.241
92.856
100
109.561
117.956
122.693
123.29
SOURCE : ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BOARD

Principal Manufacturing Statistics

Title : Principal Statistics Of Manufacturing, (Excluding Rubber Processing And Granite Quarrying), Annual

Data Items

2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023

Establishments

(Number)

8,988
9,096
8,788
9,017
9,175
9,540
9,872
Na

Workers

(Number)

388,791
386,096
381,872
379,499
370,111
350,385
357,993
360,850

Manufacturing Output

(Thousand Dollars)

259,495,928
305,741,733
344,416,710
324,947,659
300,540,821
380,220,516
444,360,770
Na

Materials

(Thousand Dollars)

129,439,816
154,772,442
175,057,913
169,160,186
149,028,522
192,573,751
228,528,807
203,844,096

Remuneration

(Thousand Dollars)

21,188,974
21,654,399
21,827,870
22,616,800
22,199,667
23,030,172
24,838,653
25,389,283

Other Operating Costs

(Thousand Dollars)

74,049,696
88,284,400
90,273,354
76,069,395
75,479,242
86,586,884
97,379,741
Na

Value Added

(Thousand Dollars)

70,043,650
79,060,886
99,540,803
92,570,365
88,900,968
115,341,094
136,144,979
115,644,152

Net Operating Surplus

(Thousand Dollars)

39,171,912
48,500,203
68,367,344
59,345,814
56,011,131
81,284,124
100,460,455
Na

Sales

(Thousand Dollars)

259,132,522
305,132,093
343,536,494
325,215,627
300,006,157
377,472,257
440,244,473
Na

Direct Exports

(Thousand Dollars)

178,612,922
213,656,225
239,350,145
227,724,657
223,488,218
278,208,514
320,721,669
Na

Net Fixed Assets At End Of Year

(Thousand Dollars)

68,632,792
72,987,314
73,106,607
80,685,035
81,102,393
81,213,492
84,060,522
Na

Gross Fixed Assets At End Of Year

(Thousand Dollars)

179,131,694
188,729,523
193,955,305
210,092,054
219,654,925
225,700,758
238,931,672
Na

Total Output * Refers to manufacturing output and other operating income.

(Thousand Dollars)

273,533,162
322,117,728
364,872,070
337,799,947
313,408,732
394,501,728
462,053,527
413,930,756
SOURCE : ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT BOARD

Definitions

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Other References

Unit Business Cost Index
Methodological Review on the Unit Business Cost Index for the Manufacturing Industry (Base Year 2010 = 100) View

External Sources

Manufacturing Statistics
Economic Development Board View